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Michael Smith

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Gordon A. Bloom and Michael D. Smith

Cultural spillover theory holds that the more a society tends to legitimate the use of violence to attain ends for which there is widespread social approval, the greater the likelihood of illegitimate violence. This study was a test of cultural spillover theory as it applies to hockey violence. Based on data from a representative sample survey of Toronto hockey players and a comparison group of nonplayers, we tested the proposition that violence in hockey “spills over” into violence in other social settings. The results offer support for a cultural spillover explanation of hockey violence. Older players in highly competitive select-leagues were more likely to approve of violence and to act violently in other social settings than were younger select-league players, house-league players, and nonplayers of all ages.

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Thomas Ball, Debra Bemben, Michael Bemben and Denise Smith

Edited by Scott B. Going

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Thomas Ball, Debra Bemben, Michael Bemben and Denise Smith

Edited by Scott B. Going

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Debra Bemben, Michael Bemben, Denise Smith and Daniel Williams

Edited by Scott B. Going