Participation in physical activity has been shown to improve components of psychological well-being (i.e., affect). Programs such as the Warrior Games have been designed to promote physical activity in wounded military personnel. However, sport competition typically yields a winner and a loser (i.e., game outcome). The experience of a win or a loss may affect how wounded athletes respond to game outcome. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the affective changes (positive affect, negative affect, tranquility, and fatigue) according to game outcome in a sample of wounded military wheelchair basketball players participating in a weekend tournament. The results indicated that the participants who experienced a win reported significantly higher positive affect and tranquility and significantly lower negative affect than those experiencing a loss. These findings have important implications for wounded veteran athletes, as well as coaches and administrative personnel.
Paul E. Yeatts, Ronald Davis, Jun Oh and Gwang-Yon Hwang
Alis Bonsignore, David Field, Rebecca Speare, Lianne Dolan, Paul Oh and Daniel Santa Mina
Background: Men with prostate cancer (PCa) may be referred to cardiac rehabilitation (CR) following a significant cardiac event, but it is unknown if these men have different effects of CR from men without a history of PCa. Purpose: To compare the effect of CR on cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak), body fat percentage, and body mass index in men with and without a history of PCa. Methods: CR participants with PCa were retrospectively compared with a cohort matched on age, clinical indication for CR, and date of referral to the CR program. Participants completed the standardized CR program at the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, including 1 weekly supervised group session and 4 additional weekly home sessions including aerobic and resistance training for 26 weeks. Results: Twenty-seven (n = 27) men with PCa were identified and matched 1∶1 with controls. VO2peak increased in the PCa group (16.9 [5.1]–19.6 [6.2] mL·kg−1·min−1; Δ 2.7 mL·kg−1·min−1, P < .05) and in the control group (16.4 [4.2]–20.2 [5.8] mL·kg−1·min−1; Δ 3.8 mL·kg−1·min−1, P < .05) as a result of engaging in CR. There were no significant between-group differences in the postintervention outcomes (P > .05). Conclusions: Men with and without PCa experience comparable benefits following CR completion.