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Yuki Kondo, Ryuichi Sawa, Aoi Ebina, Masayo Takada, Hiromi Fujii, Yoko Okuyama, Yuko Tanikawa, Kaoru Souke and Rei Ono


Physical activity during pregnancy has numerous benefits, but the influence on the duration of labor is unclear. We investigated the influence of habitual physical activity during late pregnancy on the duration of labor, with consideration of previous delivery experience and the stage of labor.


This prospective study included 103 women (48 nulliparous, 55 multiparous) in late pregnancy. Habitual physical activity was evaluated using the Baecke physical activity questionnaire (BQ). Women were divided into a high activity group (HA) and a low activity group (LA) based on their median total BQ score. Data pertaining to the duration of labor were obtained from the birth records after delivery.


In multiparous women, the duration of the second stage of labor was significantly shorter in the HA group than in the LA group [median (range): HA, 11 min (1–102 min); LA, 20 min (4–175 min); P < .05]. The significant difference persisted after adjusting for confounding variables (standardized β = –0.34; P = .01). In nulliparous women, there were no significant differences in duration of labor between groups.


Higher physical activity in multiparous women during late pregnancy might positively influence the duration of the second stage of labor.

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Yuya Ueda, Takehiko Matsushita, Yohei Shibata, Kohei Takiguchi, Akihiro Kida, Daisuke Araki, Noriyuki Kanzaki, Yuichi Hoshino, Rei Ono, Yoshitada Sakai and Ryosuke Kuroda

Context: Some studies have discussed postoperative quadriceps strength recovery after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). However, the effect of preoperative quadriceps strength deficit on longitudinal postoperative quadriceps strength recovery after ACLR with hamstring autograft is unknown. Objective: To reveal the longitudinal postoperative quadriceps strength recovery after ACLR with hamstring autograft among patient groups stratified by preoperative quadriceps strength deficit. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Single center. Patients: In total, 420 patients (222 men and 218 women; age at the time of surgery 23.1 [8.9] y) who underwent ipsilateral ACLR with hamstring autograft and completed knee function tests preoperatively and 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively were included in this study. Intervention: The authors measured quadriceps strength at 60°/s, tested 1-leg hop performance (distance and anxiety), and calculated the quadriceps strength index (QSI) and limb symmetry index for 1-leg hop distance. Patients were divided into the following 4 groups according to their preoperative QSI: >80% (Excellent group), 80% to 60% (Good group), 60% to 40% (Moderate group), and ≤40% (Poor group). Main Outcome Measures: Postoperative QSI at 3, 6, and 12 months and 1-leg hop performance at 12 months after the surgery. Results: The Excellent group had the highest postoperative QSI at all periods. Based on the 1-leg hop performance, the Poor group had the lowest limb symmetry index and significantly greater anxiety during jump performance in comparison with the Excellent and Good groups. Conclusion: The present study shows a longitudinal recovery process and the average postoperative quadriceps strength after ACLR with hamstring autograft in patient groups stratified by preoperative QSI. The results indicate that the difference in preoperative QSI affects not only the longitudinal postoperative QSI recovery but also high-level 1-leg hop performance after ACLR using hamstring autograft.