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Roger J. Paxton, Jeri E. Forster, Matthew J. Miller, Kristine L. Gerron, Jennifer E. Stevens-Lapsley and Cory L. Christiansen

Physical activity outcomes are poor following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose was to evaluate feasibility of a physical activity feedback intervention for patients after TKA. Participants completing conventional TKA rehabilitation were randomized to a physical activity feedback (PAF; n = 22) or control (CTL; n = 23) group. The PAF intervention included real-time activity feedback, weekly action planning, and monthly group support meetings (12 weeks). The CTL group received attention control education. Feasibility was assessed using retention, adherence, dose goal attainment, and responsiveness with pre- and postintervention testing. The PAF group had 100% retention, 92% adherence (frequency of feedback use), and 65% dose goal attainment (frequency of meeting goals). The PAF group average daily step count increased from 5,754 (2,714) (pre) to 6,917 (3,445) steps/day (post). This study describes a feasible intervention to use as an adjunct to conventional rehabilitation for people with TKA.

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Roger J. Paxton, Caitlin Feldman-Kothe, Megan K. Trabert, Leah N. Hitchcock, Raoul F. Reiser II and Brian L. Tracy

Introduction:

The purpose was to determine the effect of peripheral neuropathy (PN) on motor output variability for ankle muscles of older adults, and the relation between ankle motor variability and postural stability in PN patients.

Methods:

Older adults with (O-PN) and without PN (O), and young adults (Y) underwent assessment of standing postural stability and ankle muscle force steadiness.

Results:

O-PN displayed impaired ankle muscle force control and postural stability compared with O and Y groups. For O-PN, the amplitude of plantarflexor force fluctuations was moderately correlated with postural stability under no-vision conditions (r = .54, p = .01).

Discussion:

The correlation of variations in ankle force with postural stability in PN suggests a contribution of ankle muscle dyscontrol to the postural instability that impacts physical function for older adults with PN.