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Nicolas Farina and Ruth G. Lowry

Consumer-level activity monitors, such as Fitbit and Misfit devices, are a popular and low-cost means of measuring physical activity. This study aims to compare the accuracy of step counts from two consumer-level activity monitors against two reference devices in healthy, community-dwelling older adults in free-living conditions. Twenty-five older adults (aged 65–84) simultaneously wore 5 devices (e.g., Misfit Shine and Fitbit Charge HR) over 7 consecutive days. All consumer-level activity monitors positively correlated with reference devices (p < .001). There was also substantial to near perfect agreement between all consumer-level activity monitors and reference devices. Compared to the ActiGraph GT3X+, the waist-worn Misfit Shine displayed the highest agreement amongst the devices worn (ICC = 0.96, 95% 0.91 to 0.99). The wrist-worn devices showed poorer agreement to reference devices. Future research needs to consider that not all consumer-level activity monitors are equal in terms of accuracy, design, and function.

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Nicolas Farina, Laura J. Hughes, Amber Watts and Ruth G. Lowry

Physical activity questionnaires are an important means to assess habitual physical activity. It remains unclear what questionnaires are used and whether they are appropriate for people with dementia who have impaired information recall but are also often largely sedentary. This scoping review aimed to identify and quantify the use of physical activity questionnaires within a dementia population. Eighteen studies met the inclusion criteria for this review. The majority of studies used questionnaires that were validated for use within an older adult population (e.g., Modified Baecke Questionnaire for the Elderly), though none had specifically been validated for use in people with dementia. Interestingly, just over half of the studies (N = 10, 55.6%) adapted the questionnaires from the original validated version by allowing a proxy to provide input to the responses. Future research needs to robustly validate the use of proxy-report measures of physical activity in people with dementia.