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Steven R. Heyman

A review of the literature finds a series of articles discussing developmental problems in the field of sport psychology, particularly regarding the definition of professional roles and the establishment of credentialing criteria for these roles. A committee formed by the United States Olympic Committee was the first to establish concrete guidelines, which are reviewed here for their potential positive and negative effects as a model for sport psychology.

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Steven R. Heyman

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Steven R. Heyman

This paper addresses the ethical issues confronting a sport psychologist electing to work with participants in boxing, in part in response to a position taken by the Council of Representatives of the American Psychological Association. Relevant issues for working with participants in other sports are discussed as well. The impacts of the interventions on the individual worked with, as well as on opponents, are considered in light of potential ethical dilemmas.

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Steven R. Heyman

Sport psychology has had an internal debate about whether to conduct research in the field or in the laboratory. At the same time, concerns have been raised about interventions (particularly for performance enhancement) being performed without any reasonable evaluation of their outcome. This paper reviews the issues in consultation with an athlete and a coach, the development and modification of interventions, and the attempt to develop a single-case experimental design to assess the utility of the intervention. Although some situations caused the design to be less complete than would be desirable, the data obtained from behavioral observations and subjective ratings showed good reliability and validity and provided useful information. It is suggested that better designs can be developed but that events in the actual sport situation may require adjustments in the intervention and evaluation processes.