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Shona L. Halson, Louise M. Burke and Jeni Pearce

series spread over several continents. National, regional, and World Championship competitions are held in different cities on annual/biennial schedules, while the Olympic Games held every 4 years typically involve reconnaissance trips and staging camps to familiarize athletes with the characteristics of

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Bianca Miarka, Katarzyna Sterkowicz-Przybycien and David H. Fukuda

) quantify specific actions employed during individual combat/pause phases, and (c) determine the extent to which sex-based differences occur during international judo competition. Methods Sample The present study considered 154 male and 98 female judo athletes who qualified for the 2012 Olympic Games, including 22

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Marco J. Konings and Florentina J. Hettinga

Games during the seasons 2011–12 to 2015–16. In total, 39 indoor competitions (28 World Cups, 5 European Championships, 5 World Championships, and 1 Olympic Games) were analyzed. Each short-track competition consisted of qualification stages in which a skater had to qualify for the next stage by

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Mindy Millard-Stafford, Ann E. Swanson and Matthew T. Wittbrodt

Sport is one of few institutions where men and women typically (but not always) are placed in distinct categories to compete, a practice established during the Modern Era of the Olympic Games. The battle of the sexes in sport continues to be a topic of interest in both scientific literature and the

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Roberto Baldassarre, Marco Bonifazi, Paola Zamparo and Maria Francesca Piacentini

, European championships, World championships, and Olympic Games. Data show that swimming speed (SS) of the 10 annual fastest finishers increased between 2000–2012 in 10-km World Cup races for females, while the SS of the 5-km and 25-km races remained unchanged for both males and females 19 (Tables  2 and

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Martin C. Waller, Deborah A. Kerr, Martyn J. Binnie, Emily Eaton, Clare Wood, Terreen Stenvers, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Carmel Goodman and Kagan J. Ducker

.1123/ijsnem.21.4.271 Huang , S. , Johnson , K. , & Pipe , A. ( 2006 ). The use of dietary supplements and medications by Canadian athletes at the Atlanta and Sydney Olympic Games . Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 16 ( 1 ), 27 – 33 . doi:10.1097/01.jsm.0000194766.35443.9c 10.1097/01.jsm

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Brian Hanley, Trent Stellingwerff and Florentina J. Hettinga

-distance events using official 100-m split times. Methods Subjects The study was approved by the Carnegie School of Sport Research ethics committee. Official electronic finishing and 100-m split times of the men’s and women’s 800 and 1500 m at the 2008 Olympic Games and IAAF World Championships in 2013 and 2017

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Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo and Majke Jorgensen

generating maximum velocity and with limiting the loss of this as the sprint progresses. The sprints contested at the summer Olympic Games and International Amateur Athletics Federation sanctioned events include the 100-, 200-, and 400-m sprints, 4 × 100-, 4 × 400-m relay (male, female, and mixed gender

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Irineu Loturco, Timothy Suchomel, Chris Bishop, Ronaldo Kobal, Lucas A. Pereira and Michael R. McGuigan

; 175.8 [5.3] cm; and 10 rugby union players: 22.3 [3.2] y; 93.6 [13.7] kg; 179.4 [5.5] cm) participated in this study. Among the sprinters and jumpers, 3 athletes participated in the last Olympic Games (Rio 2016), whereas the other participants have been involved in World Championships, and Pan

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Emma C. Neupert, Stewart T. Cotterill and Simon A. Jobson

. Following the 12-month period of engagement with the TMS, all 9 athletes were invited to complete a short questionnaire, followed by one-to-one interviews with the primary researcher. Method Quantitative information on adherence rates was extracted from the TMS data set. Due to the 2016 Olympic Games, some