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Dietrich Rothenbacher, Dhayana Dallmeier, Michael D. Denkinger, Bernhard O. Boehm, Wolfgang Koenig, Jochen Klenk and ActiFE Study Group

individuals are relatively stable throughout the day and independent of meals ( Winters et al., 2014 ). SHBG produced in hepatocytes and production is controlled by endocrine as well as metabolic factors. Physical activity (PA) is an important determinant of health. Strong evidence exists that physically

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Paul J. Collings, Diane Farrar, Joanna Gibson, Jane West, Sally E. Barber and John Wright

Physical activity confers myriad benefits to the uncomplicated pregnancy, 1 benefits that can have long-term health impacts for the developing fetus. 2 , 3 Our understanding that intrauterine environments can program susceptibility to future disease has developed over the last 2 decades. 4 This

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Barbara Resnick, Elizabeth Galik, Marie Boltz, Erin Vigne, Sarah Holmes, Steven Fix and Shijun Zhu

falls, falls also negatively impact mood, engagement in social and physical activity, and overall quality of life, and they can lead to a fear of falling and a subsequent cycle of functional decline ( Tran & Phan, 2018 ; Tuvemo, Martin, Anens, Johansson, & Hellström, 2018 ). The rate of falls varies

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Amy R. Barchek, Shelby E. Baez, Matthew C. Hoch and Johanna M. Hoch

Clinical Scenario According to the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association, it is recommended that adults aged 18–65 years should spend a minimum of 30 minutes per day for 5 days each week participating in moderate physical activity or 20 minutes per day for 2 days

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Rebecca T. Marsh Naturkach and Donna L. Goodwin

reflection enable the identification of positive actions for improvement in future encounters. Undergraduate university instructors have historically used disability-related CSL to prepare adapted physical activity students for professional practice ( Connolly, 1994 ; DePauw, 2000 ; Hodge & Jansma, 1999

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Kelly R. Evenson and Camden L. Spade

wearables, based on a 2018 survey of more than 2,000 health professionals from around the world, “wearable technology” was considered the leading fitness trend ( Thompson, 2019 ). Activity trackers, a subset of wearables, have quickly caught on for personal use, such as to promote changes in physical

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Ryan M. Hulteen, Lisa M. Barnett, Philip J. Morgan, Leah E. Robinson, Christian J. Barton, Brian H. Wrotniak and David R. Lubans

Motor competence is generally defined as an individual’s capability to complete a variety of motor tasks ( Robinson et al., 2015 ). Developing motor competence is important for current and future participation in physical activity ( Stodden et al., 2008 ). It has been suggested that motor

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Tiago V. Barreira, Stephanie T. Broyles, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol A. Maher, José A. Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S. Tremblay, Peter T. Katzmarzyk and for the ISCOLE Research Group

consequences with respect to lifestyle behaviors, such as decreases in physical activity 4 and increases in the consumption of “Western”-style diets. 5 For example, using cross-sectional data, it was previously reported that among children, obesity prevalence, body fat percentage, and body mass index z

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Adilson Santos Andrade de Sousa, Marilia A. Correia, Breno Quintella Farah, Glauco Saes, Antônio Eduardo Zerati, Pedro Puech-Leao, Nelson Wolosker, Gabriel G. Cucato and Raphael M. Ritti-Dias

reduces walking capacity and daily physical activity levels ( Sieminski & Gardner, 1997 ), leading to a progressive deconditioning cycle that impairs aerobic ( Ritti-Dias et al., 2009 ) and muscle ( Basyches et al., 2009 ) functions and affects the quality of life ( Menêses et al., 2011 ). Increasing

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Roger J. Paxton, Jeri E. Forster, Matthew J. Miller, Kristine L. Gerron, Jennifer E. Stevens-Lapsley and Cory L. Christiansen

than 3 million per year projected by 2030 ( Kurtz et al., 2007 ). TKA reliably reduces pain and improves self-reported functional performance postoperatively ( Bruun-Olsen, Heiberg, Wahl, & Mengshoel, 2013 ), yet physical activity levels are not typically increased after TKA ( Brandes, Ringling, Winter