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Kristen Day

urban locations, changes from active to sedentary work, mechanization of housekeeping tasks, transitions toward unhealthy “industrialized” diets, the rise of sedentary recreational activities (screen time, etc), and increased motorized transportation 5 – 8 —all may help explain this increase. Overweight

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Judith Godin, Joanna M. Blodgett, Kenneth Rockwood and Olga Theou

Researchers have examined the connection between different intensities of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and frailty ( Kehler et al., 2018 ). What has received less attention is that increasing time spent in one type of activity inherently means decreasing time spent in another type of

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Paul J. Collings, Diane Farrar, Joanna Gibson, Jane West, Sally E. Barber and John Wright

Physical activity confers myriad benefits to the uncomplicated pregnancy, 1 benefits that can have long-term health impacts for the developing fetus. 2 , 3 Our understanding that intrauterine environments can program susceptibility to future disease has developed over the last 2 decades. 4 This

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Adilson Santos Andrade de Sousa, Marilia A. Correia, Breno Quintella Farah, Glauco Saes, Antônio Eduardo Zerati, Pedro Puech-Leao, Nelson Wolosker, Gabriel G. Cucato and Raphael M. Ritti-Dias

reduces walking capacity and daily physical activity levels ( Sieminski & Gardner, 1997 ), leading to a progressive deconditioning cycle that impairs aerobic ( Ritti-Dias et al., 2009 ) and muscle ( Basyches et al., 2009 ) functions and affects the quality of life ( Menêses et al., 2011 ). Increasing

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Junxin Li, Binbin Yang, Miranda Varrasse, Xiaopeng Ji, MaoChun Wu, Manman Li and Kun Li

contribute to older adults living a sedentary lifestyle or limiting engagement in physical activity ( Godfrey et al., 2013 ). Prior studies indicate that a sedentary lifestyle may be associated with poor sleep in older adults ( Dzierzewski et al., 2014 ; Morgan, 2003 ), and being active for 20–30 min at

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Daniel das Virgens Chagas and Luiz Alberto Batista

percentage ( Barnett et al., 2016 ; Chagas & Batista, 2015 ; Kakebeeke et al., 2017 ) and positively associated with physical activity ( Jaakkola & Washington, 2013 ; Kambas et al., 2012 ; Laukkanen, Pesola, Havu, Sääkslahti, & Finni, 2014 ; Robinson et al., 2015 ) in both children and adolescents

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Barbara Resnick, Elizabeth Galik, Marie Boltz, Erin Vigne, Sarah Holmes, Steven Fix and Shijun Zhu

falls, falls also negatively impact mood, engagement in social and physical activity, and overall quality of life, and they can lead to a fear of falling and a subsequent cycle of functional decline ( Tran & Phan, 2018 ; Tuvemo, Martin, Anens, Johansson, & Hellström, 2018 ). The rate of falls varies

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Ryan M. Hulteen, Lisa M. Barnett, Philip J. Morgan, Leah E. Robinson, Christian J. Barton, Brian H. Wrotniak and David R. Lubans

Motor competence is generally defined as an individual’s capability to complete a variety of motor tasks ( Robinson et al., 2015 ). Developing motor competence is important for current and future participation in physical activity ( Stodden et al., 2008 ). It has been suggested that motor

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Amy R. Barchek, Shelby E. Baez, Matthew C. Hoch and Johanna M. Hoch

Clinical Scenario According to the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association, it is recommended that adults aged 18–65 years should spend a minimum of 30 minutes per day for 5 days each week participating in moderate physical activity or 20 minutes per day for 2 days

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Yang Bai, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Pedro F. Saint-Maurice, Gregory J. Welk and Norma Candelaria

behaviors. A promising model for understanding youth physical activity (PA) behavior is the Youth Physical Activity Promotion model proposed by Welk ( 40 ). According to this model, youth behavior is determined by independent and interacting psychosocial influences from enabling factors (eg, fitness, skills