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Marcus Ngantcha, Eric Janssen, Emmanuelle Godeau, Virginie Ehlinger, Olivier Le-Nezet, François Beck and Stanislas Spilka

.7%) 92.7 90.6 .043 91.79 90.71 ns 95.71 88.65 <.0001  Yes (8.3%) 7.3 9.4 8.21 9.29 4.29 11.35 Regular alcohol use  No (96.9%) 98.2 96.3 .0069 98.1 95.61 <.0001 97.8 96.2 .0164  Yes (3.1%) 1.8 3.7 1.9 4.39 2.2 3.8 Regular marijuana use  No (98.2%) 98.1 98.2 ns 98.3 98.02 ns 98.7 97.78 ns  Yes (1.8%) 1.9 1

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Mitch Abrams and Michelle L. Bartlett

dynamics that lead to Groupthink ( Janis, 1972 ) and deindividuation, drug/alcohol use, and a lack of consequences. Hence, this is why these must be addressed in comprehensive prevention programs. The most prolific models used to prevent sexual assault have centered upon Bystander Intervention models. This

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Chevelle M.A. Davis, Tetine L. Sentell, Juliana Fernandes de Souza Barbosa, Alban Ylli, Carmen-Lucia Curcio and Catherine M. Pirkle

risk factors influenced by low socioeconomic status, such as tobacco use, harmful alcohol consumption, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity ( Allen et al., 2017 ). Research on physical inactivity shows large variation across and within country income groupings. For example, the age

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Baruch Vainshelboim, Zhongming Chen, Ricardo M. Lima and Jonathan Myers

, USA. All participants who underwent a treadmill exercise test at the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System between 1987 and 2014 were considered for inclusion. Clinical information on diagnoses, risk factors, and health behaviors (smoking, alcohol, and drug abuse) was collected at the time of

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Anna K. Porter, Samantha Schilsky, Kelly R. Evenson, Roberta Florido, Priya Palta, Katelyn M. Holliday and Aaron R. Folsom

. Final covariates, assessed at baseline, included age (calculated from self-reported date of birth), sex, smoking status (current, former, and never), alcohol consumption (current, former, and never), race by study site (due to differential distribution of race by study site; black—Jackson, black

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Mohammad Siahpush, Trish D. Levan, Minh N. Nguyen, Brandon L. Grimm, Athena K. Ramos, Tzeyu L. Michaud and Patrik L. Johansson

. Covariates The following covariates were included as possible confounders in regression models: body mass index; alcohol consumption; presence of chronic condition; sex; age; 3 indicators of socioeconomic status (poverty status, education, and home ownership); marital status; race/ethnicity; nativity; and

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Alex S. Ribeiro, Luiz C. Pereira, Danilo R.P. Silva, Leandro dos Santos, Brad J. Schoenfeld, Denilson C. Teixeira, Edilson S. Cyrino and Dartagnan P. Guedes

diseases = civil status, body mass index eating habits, and tobacco; medications = age and alcohol), and women (chronic diseases = socioeconomic status, body mass index, and eating habits; medicines = socioeconomic status and body mass index). For Model 2, the main independent variables (sedentary behavior

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Sylvia E. Badon, Alyson J. Littman, K.C. Gary Chan, Michelle A. Williams and Daniel A. Enquobahrie

 = 4434). Participants with missing data on birth weight (n = 304), missing data on physical activity (n = 362 and n = 436 for prepregnancy or early pregnancy, respectively), smoking or alcohol use (n = 74 and n = 73 for analysis involving prepregnancy or early pregnancy, respectively), or other

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Kelsie M. Full, Eileen Johnson, Michelle Takemoto, Sheri J. Hartman, Jacqueline Kerr, Loki Natarajan, Ruth E. Patterson and Dorothy D. Sears

school or less, some college, college graduate, or graduate school). Additional information about lifestyle behaviors and health status collected from the baseline questionnaire included self-reported smoking status (never, former, and current), alcohol consumption in the past 3 months (yes or no), and

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Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Young Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam and Eun-Cheol Park

, parental smoking experience is significantly associated with their offspring’s lifetime smoking participation. 9 Parental alcohol use, not only heavy and problem drinking but also moderate or light use, is an input with negative marginal product in adolescent behavioral health, regardless of which parent