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Brian Tyo, Rebecca Spataro-Kearns and David R. Bassett Jr.

African American women have higher rates of obesity as measured by body mass index (BMI; BMI ≥30 kg·m −2 ) ( Flegal, Kruszon-Moran, Carroll, Fryar, & Ogden, 2016 ; Ladabaum, Mannalithara, Myer, & Singh, 2014 ; Ogden, Carroll, Kit, & Flegal, 2014 ). For example, according to National Health and

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Yara Fidelix, Mara C. Lofrano-Prado, Leonardo S. Fortes, James O. Hill, Ann E. Caldwell, João P. Botero and Wagner L. do Prado

criteria were age between 13 and 18 years, pubertal stage (stage 3 or 4), and body mass index (BMI) >95th percentile for sex and age. 15 Exclusion criteria were weight >120 kg (limitation of the training equipment); genetic, metabolic, or endocrine disorders associated with obesity (self-reported or

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Aurora de Fátima G.C. Mafra Cabral, Marcelo Medeiros Pinheiro, Charlles H.M. Castro, Marco Túlio De Mello, Sérgio Tufik and Vera Lúcia Szejnfeld

cardiopulmonary exercise test on a treadmill (Life Fitness 9700HR; Life Fitness, Schiller Park, IL, USA). All subjects performed the test in the morning. Weight in kg was measured using a digital scale and height (in meters) were used to calculate body mass index (BMI) in kg/m 2 . Medical evaluation was performed

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Peter T. Katzmarzyk and Amanda E. Staiano

children who met the guidelines had a lower average body mass index (BMI) and lower odds of obesity. 7 Further, a recent study using data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey reported that 17% of 6- to 17-year-old children were meeting the guidelines, and those who met all 3 components of the

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André Luiz Galvim, Isabela Martins Oliveira, Tatiane Vieira Martins, Leonardo Moreira Vieira, Natália Caroline Cerri, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Renata Valle Pedroso and Grace Angélica de Oliveira Gomes

sociodemographic information collection, including age group, sex, and schooling; socioeconomic information, including individual income; and information on health condition, including incidence of NCCD. The weight, height, and body mass index (BMI) of the participants were evaluated. Adhesion to the Program At

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Alexandra Valencia-Peris, Joan Úbeda-Colomer, Jorge Lizandra, Carmen Peiró-Velert and José Devís-Devís

analyses, these categories were recodified as low-medium SES and high SES. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and recorded as weight (kg)/height (m 2 ) using a Stadiometer (model 1-S-B, 6615; Medi-waves Inc, Sonipat, Haryana) and a digital scale (Soehnle Body Balance Comfort F5; Soehnle, Nassau, Germany

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Robert J. Kowalsky, Sophy J. Perdomo, John M. Taormina, Christopher E. Kline, Andrea L. Hergenroeder, Jeffrey R. Balzer, John M. Jakicic and Bethany Barone Gibbs

study evaluating secondary outcomes of discomfort, fatigue, and sleepiness. These methods and primary results are reported elsewhere in greater detail. 22 In brief, overweight and obese (body mass index = 25.0–<40.0 kg/m 2 ) men and women (aged 20–65 y) were recruited from the University of Pittsburgh

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Laura K. Fewell, Riley Nickols, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Cheri A. Levinson

effectiveness of integrating exercise in treatment. Exercise has been shown to reinforce weight gain and increase body mass index (BMI) in inpatients with anorexia nervosa (AN) and supervised aerobic and strength training exercises have been shown to effectively reduce eating disorder symptoms ( Calogero

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Alessandra Prioreschi and Lisa K. Micklesfield

adiposity in infants. 6 Furthermore, physical activity has been associated with favorable adiposity outcomes in infant populations, 8 yet there is limited data off which to draw conclusions, and surrogate measures of adiposity (such as body mass index, BMI) are frequently used. 6 , 8 There is clear

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Carla Elane Silva dos Santos, Sofia Wolker Manta, Guilherme Pereira Maximiano, Susana Cararo Confortin, Tânia Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti, Eleonora d’Orsi and Cassiano Ricardo Rech

of schooling). Body mass index (BMI), height, and body weight were used for the evaluation of nutritional status. 23 The BMI was calculated considering the cutoff points of the Food and Nutritional Surveillance System 24 (<22 kg/m 2 , low weight; ≥22 and <27 kg/m 2 , eutrophic; ≥27 kg/m 2 , excess