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Giovanni Mario Pes, Maria Pina Dore, Alessandra Errigo and Michel Poulain

been developed recently that enable an acceptable estimation of energy expenditure during the activity (indirect calorimetry, double-labeled water turnover), they require the use of time-consuming procedures and expensive equipment difficult to apply in nonagenarians. Such methods may be used only

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and VO2peak, (utilising indirect calorimetry), venous blood sampling, cardiac scanning, strength (1-RM bench press/back squat), power (force velocity profile) and total mood disturbance (TMD) via a profile of mood states (POMS) assessments were made at regular intervals. Training consisted of specific

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Scott E. Crouter, Paul R. Hibbing and Samuel R. LaMunion

and AP estimates of SB compare in youth. In addition, studies that have compared both monitors have tended to not use a criterion measure of direct observation or indirect calorimetry. Three studies have compared the AP inclinometer function to AG count-based estimates of SB in youth, and have found

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Coen C.W.G. Bongers, Dominique S.M. ten Haaf, Nicholas Ravanelli, Thijs M.H. Eijsvogels and Maria T.E. Hopman

on exercise performance. 26 Worst-Case Scenario We recognize that estimating VO 2 and metabolic heat production using standard equations 16 , 17 could lead to a potential measurement error. A more robust design would undoubtedly include indirect calorimetry to quantify the rate of VO 2 ; however

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Christopher C. Webster, Jeroen Swart, Timothy D. Noakes and James A. Smith

trial. He was blinded to all performance cues beside time during the sprints and distance during the TTs. Substrate oxidation rates were calculated using indirect calorimetry (Quark CPET; COSMED, Rome, Italy). 5 The submaximal test and TTs were performed in the laboratory using his own bicycle mounted

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Nattai R. Borges, Aaron T. Scanlan, Peter R. Reaburn and Thomas M. Doering

indirect calorimetry system (TrueOne 2400 ; Parvo Medics Inc, Sandy, UT), calibrated to manufacturer’s instructions prior to each test. Ventilatory thresholds (VT1 and VT2), 7 , 8 maximum HR (HR max ), VO 2 max, and PPO were determined from the maximal cycle exercise test. VT1 and VT2 were determined by

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David R. Paul, Ryan McGrath, Chantal A. Vella, Matthew Kramer, David J. Baer and Alanna J. Moshfegh

visit), participants provided a final urine specimen, were measured for resting energy expenditure (REE) via indirect calorimetry, 29 and returned the accelerometer. Measurement of TEE and MVPA via PAQ The NHANES PAQ (2001–2002 version) queries participants about their physical activities from the

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Stacy N. Scott, Cary M. Springer, Jennifer F. Oody, Michael S. McClanahan, Brittany D. Wiseman, Tyler J. Kybartas and Dawn P. Coe

) found that VO 2 peak estimated by the PACER test tended to be overestimated in less fit participants and underestimated in more fit participants compared with VO 2 peak measured with indirect calorimetry. In addition, weight status can impact VO 2 peak prediction. Previous research has shown that the

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Francisco J. Amaro-Gahete, Lucas Jurado-Fasoli, Alejandro R. Triviño, Guillermo Sanchez-Delgado, Alejandro De-la-O, Jørn W. Helge and Jonatan R. Ruiz

morning type). The resting metabolic rate was measured by indirect calorimetry during 15 minutes in peaceful and relaxing room (temperature: 22.6 [0.7]°C; humidity: 44.5% [6.1%]). After that, a maximal walking speed protocol on a treadmill (H/P/cosmos pulsar; H/P/Cosmos Sports & Medical GmbH, Nußdorf

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James E. Peterman, Kalee L. Morris, Rodger Kram and William C. Byrnes

) until volitional fatigue was reached. During the exercise test, respiratory gas exchange and energy expenditure were measured using a computerized indirect calorimetry system (TrueOne 2400; ParvoMedics, Sandy, UT). Heart rate was measured using radio telemetry (Polar ® , Kempele, Finland) that was