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Chih-Hsiang Yang and David E. Conroy

walking intervention for community-dwelling older adults. Exercise, or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, is widely recognized for its effects on well-being by reducing negative affective states ( Rebar et al., 2015 ; Rosenbaum, Tiedemann, Sherrington, Curtis, & Ward, 2014 ; Stathopoulou, Powers

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Renata V. Pedroso, Carlos Ayán, Francisco J. Fraga, Thays M.V. da Silva, José M. Cancela and Ruth F. Santos-Galduròz

the authors’ knowledge, the existing evidence regarding the effects of functional-task training on community-dwelling older adults with AD is scarce. Under these circumstances, this exploratory study aims to verify the effects of functional-task training on cognitive function, ADL performance, and

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Lotta Palmberg, Erja Portegijs, Taina Rantanen, Eeva Aartolahti, Anne Viljanen, Mirja Hirvensalo and Merja Rantakokko

whether lower levels of self-reported PA, accelerometer-based step counts, and a lower frequency of neighborhood mobility were associated with the development of unmet PA need over a 2-year follow-up period among community-dwelling older people. These assessment methods complemented each other and

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Mika R. Moran, Perla Werner, Israel Doron, Neta HaGani, Yael Benvenisti, Abby C. King, Sandra J. Winter, Jylana L. Sheats, Randi Garber, Hadas Motro and Shlomit Ergon

.E. , Reeder , B.A. , Harrison , E.L. , Ashworth , N.L. , Sheppard , S.M. , Schultz , S.L. , … Lawson , J.A. ( 2005 ). Profile of physical activity levels in community-dwelling older adults . Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37 ( 10 ), 1774 – 1784 . PubMed doi: 10.1249/01.mss

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Enzo Iuliano, Giovanni Fiorilli, Giovanna Aquino, Alfonso Di Costanzo, Giuseppe Calcagno and Alessandra di Cagno

guidelines ( Moher et al., 2010 ). The flow chart of the study is reported in Figure  1 . Figure 1 —Flow chart of the study (in accordance with CONSORT guidelines). Participants Eighty community-dwelling participants, 32 males and 48 females, aged 66.96 ± 11.73, volunteered for this study. The following

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A. Stefanie Mikolaizak, Jochen Klenk, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Michael D. Denkinger, Kilian Rapp and for the ActiFE Study Group

the MoT. Discussion This population-based study describes the frequency and duration at which activities are undertaken and MoT is used, and the effect of these on the duration of time spent out-of-home and on PA in community-dwelling older adults. Overall, there was no straightforward relation

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Rachel L. Wright, Joseph W. Bevins, David Pratt, Catherine M. Sackley and Alan M. Wing

condition. Methods A total of 10 community-dwelling adults (6 males and 4 females) with chronic hemiparesis following a stroke gave written informed consent to participate in the study (see Table  1 ). Favorable ethical opinion was granted by the Local Research Ethics Committee, and the study was carried

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Dawn C. Mackey, Alexander D. Perkins, Kaitlin Hong Tai, Joanie Sims-Gould and Heather A. McKay

trained to assist with intervention delivery. We targeted recruitment throughout the Metro Vancouver region with an emphasis on the City of Vancouver. Participants We determined eligibility by a standard telephone screening interview. Community-dwelling men were included if they were at least 60 years of

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Alan K. Bourke, Espen A. F. Ihlen and Jorunn L. Helbostad

the activPAL3 in classifying standing, walking, and sitting/lying in a community-dwelling older adult population, in both a free-living scenario and a laboratory environment. Annotated video recordings of the participants’ movements were used as the gold standard. Methods Participants Twenty older

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Courtney D. Hall, Carolyn K. Clevenger, Rachel A. Wolf, James S. Lin, Theodore M. Johnson II and Steven L. Wolf

The use of low-cost interactive game technology for balance rehabilitation has become more popular recently, with generally good outcomes. Very little research has been undertaken to determine whether this technology is appropriate for balance assessment. The Wii balance board has good reliability and is comparable to a research-grade force plate; however, recent studies examining the relationship between Wii Fit games and measures of balance and mobility demonstrate conflicting findings. This study found that the Wii Fit was feasible for community-dwelling older women to safely use the balance board and quickly learn the Wii Fit games. The Ski Slalom game scores were strongly correlated with several balance and mobility measures, whereas Table Tilt game scores were not. Based on these findings, the Ski Slalom game may have utility in the evaluation of balance problems in community-dwelling older adults.