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Ilona I. McMullan, Brendan P. Bunting, Lee Smith, Ai Koyanagi and Mark A. Tully

self-rated vision over a 6-year period in older adults? and (c) what are the key risk factors for self-reported PA and self-reported vision over a 6-year period? Methods Participants The Irish Longitudinal study of Ageing (TILDA) is an ongoing cohort study of aging that includes community-dwelling

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Kirsi E. Keskinen, Merja Rantakokko, Kimmo Suomi, Taina Rantanen and Erja Portegijs

retrieved from openly available geospatial data sets and studied in relation to participant data. The participant data, including PA and perceived environmental features of the neighborhood, collected from community-dwelling older adults, were drawn from the data gathered for the “Life-Space Mobility in Old

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Renata V. Pedroso, Carlos Ayán, Francisco J. Fraga, Thays M.V. da Silva, José M. Cancela and Ruth F. Santos-Galduròz

the authors’ knowledge, the existing evidence regarding the effects of functional-task training on community-dwelling older adults with AD is scarce. Under these circumstances, this exploratory study aims to verify the effects of functional-task training on cognitive function, ADL performance, and

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Chih-Hsiang Yang and David E. Conroy

walking intervention for community-dwelling older adults. Exercise, or moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, is widely recognized for its effects on well-being by reducing negative affective states ( Rebar et al., 2015 ; Rosenbaum, Tiedemann, Sherrington, Curtis, & Ward, 2014 ; Stathopoulou, Powers

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Alyson B. Harding, Nancy W. Glynn, Stephanie A. Studenski, Philippa J. Clarke, Ayushi A. Divecha and Andrea L. Rosso

walkability can greatly impact health and mobility. Disabled community-dwelling older adults reported avoiding obstacles in the environment, including uneven surfaces, stairs, and curbs ( Shumway-Cook et al., 2003 ). Residence access barriers, including steps and uneven surfaces, are other reported obstacles

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Lotta Palmberg, Erja Portegijs, Taina Rantanen, Eeva Aartolahti, Anne Viljanen, Mirja Hirvensalo and Merja Rantakokko

whether lower levels of self-reported PA, accelerometer-based step counts, and a lower frequency of neighborhood mobility were associated with the development of unmet PA need over a 2-year follow-up period among community-dwelling older people. These assessment methods complemented each other and

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Mika R. Moran, Perla Werner, Israel Doron, Neta HaGani, Yael Benvenisti, Abby C. King, Sandra J. Winter, Jylana L. Sheats, Randi Garber, Hadas Motro and Shlomit Ergon

.E. , Reeder , B.A. , Harrison , E.L. , Ashworth , N.L. , Sheppard , S.M. , Schultz , S.L. , … Lawson , J.A. ( 2005 ). Profile of physical activity levels in community-dwelling older adults . Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37 ( 10 ), 1774 – 1784 . PubMed doi: 10.1249/01.mss

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Enzo Iuliano, Giovanni Fiorilli, Giovanna Aquino, Alfonso Di Costanzo, Giuseppe Calcagno and Alessandra di Cagno

guidelines ( Moher et al., 2010 ). The flow chart of the study is reported in Figure  1 . Figure 1 —Flow chart of the study (in accordance with CONSORT guidelines). Participants Eighty community-dwelling participants, 32 males and 48 females, aged 66.96 ± 11.73, volunteered for this study. The following

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A. Stefanie Mikolaizak, Jochen Klenk, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Michael D. Denkinger, Kilian Rapp and for the ActiFE Study Group

the MoT. Discussion This population-based study describes the frequency and duration at which activities are undertaken and MoT is used, and the effect of these on the duration of time spent out-of-home and on PA in community-dwelling older adults. Overall, there was no straightforward relation

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Marcin Straczkiewicz, Nancy W. Glynn, Vadim Zipunnikov and Jaroslaw Harezlak

provide the ground truth about the body posture ( Aggio et al., 2017 ; Edwardson et al., 2017 ). We reported the accuracy of SedUp for standing detection and compared its performance with SS. Methods Participants The data from 45 community-dwelling older adults (23 males and 22 women, age = 78 ± 5