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Xiaofen D. Keating, Jingwen Liu, Xiaolu Liu, Jeff Colburn, Jianmin Guan and Ke Zhou

validated a measurement scale developed from the framework. The scale underwent three stages to ensure that it had acceptable content validity, construct validity, and reliability. However, to the best of our knowledge, no other studies have specifically addressed conceptual frameworks concerning beliefs

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Collin A. Webster, Diana Mîndrilă, Chanta Moore, Gregory Stewart, Karie Orendorff and Sally Taunton

obtained approval from University of South Carolina Institutional Review Board to conduct the study. The survey was subjected to two rounds of pilot testing. In the first pilot, we sent the survey to 77 researchers in the areas of CSPAP ( n  = 40) and DOIT ( n  = 37) to assess content validity and obtain

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Insook Kim and Bomna Ko

) a list of common errors and error corrections, and (e) a diagram to show how to organize the task environments (see Figure  2 ). Figure 2 —An example of the volleyball CK packet for teaching a spiking. CK indicates content knowledge. The two volleyball experts who delivered the workshop ensured content

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Joseph H. Moore

game recaps, analysis, and features were the preferred stories. This followed the tenets of uses-and-gratification theory, thus establishing content validity. With the information collected during the sports and story interest survey, eight stories from ESPN.go.com were collected. These included an

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Laurie B. Patterson, Susan H. Backhouse and Sergio Lara-Bercial

lead author, other members of the research team (who are experienced in the fields of anti-doping and coach education research) reviewed the content and format of the survey. Prior to nationwide distribution, the survey was then examined for face and content validity by eight individuals working in a

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Claudio M. Rocha

.9%  Up to nine minimum wages (medium) 32.7% 33.2% 37.6% 35.3%  10 or more minimum wages (high) 16.7% 16.7% 17.0% 15.8% Scales Scales used in the study were originally constructed in English. To assess the content validity of the scales, all items and subscales were submitted to a panel of six experts

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Paul M. Wright, K. Andrew R. Richards, Jennifer M. Jacobs and Michael A. Hemphill

.2138 10.1123/jtpe.27.2.138 Wright , P.M. , & Craig , M.W. ( 2011 ). Tool for assessing responsibility-based education (TARE): Instrument development, content validity, and inter-rater reliability . Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 15 , 204 – 219 . doi:10.1080/1091367X.2011

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Natalie M. Golaszewski and John B. Bartholomew

reviewers, each from the disciplines of health psychology, social psychology, and kinesiology, reviewed the final 60 items for readability, appropriateness, and comprehension as well as provided feedback on the items to establish content validity. Scale Scoring The items were anchored on a 7-point Likert

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Alex J. Benson and Mark Eys

that cover a range of socialization tactics that can occur in sport teams and evaluate their content validity. The second objective was to test the STSTQ’s factor structure by moving from exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM; Studies 2–3) to Bayesian structural equation modeling (BSEM; Study

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Ang Chen, Bo Shen and Xihe Zhu

, validation processes started in the pilot year before the experiment began. Validations were conducted with content validity, construct validity, trustworthiness, and reading levels on all knowledge tests, all paper-and-pencil (now Internet-based) instruments, interview questions, field-observation note