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André O. Werneck, Adewale L. Oyeyemi, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Marcelo Romanzini, Enio R.V. Ronque, Edilson S. Cyrino, Luís B. Sardinha and Danilo R. Silva

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are recognized as the greatest cause of death worldwide. 1 Cardiovascular diseases (17.7 million death per year), cancer (8.8 million death per year), respiratory diseases (3.9 million death per year), and diabetes (1.6 million death per year) are responsible for 80

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Ítalo Ribeiro Lemes, Xuemei Sui, Bruna Camilo Turi-Lynch, Steven N. Blair, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes, Jamile Sanches Codogno and Henrique Luiz Monteiro

registered the occurrence of death by contacting relatives of participants and ascertaining the information in the records of the NHS. There were 74 deaths during the period. The most prevalent causes of death were cardiovascular, neoplasms, respiratory, and gastrointestinal. Covariates Information on health

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Iñigo Mujika

people believe football is a matter of life and death; I am very disappointed with that attitude. I can assure you it is much, much more important than that.” Popular books have used soccer to try to explain the failure of globalization to erode ancient hatreds in the sport’s great rivalries; to address

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Janet E. Fulton, David M. Buchner, Susan A. Carlson, Deborah Borbely, Kenneth M. Rose, Ann E. O’Connor, Janelle P. Gunn and Ruth Petersen

Heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes are leading causes of death in the United States. 1 Nearly half of adults live with a chronic disease. 2 The United States spends more than 80% of health care dollars on people with chronic medical conditions. 2 Physical activity can reduce the risk of

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Baruch Vainshelboim, Zhongming Chen, Ricardo M. Lima and Jonathan Myers

) The Veterans Affairs Computerized Patient Record System was used for capturing cancer outcomes; total cancer incidence and cancer mortality were the primary outcomes. Previous reports have demonstrated that the Veterans Affairs death records are relatively complete compared with those from other

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Zakkoyya H. Lewis, Kyriakos S. Markides, Kenneth J. Ottenbacher and Soham Al Snih

rates. Investigators have found that an increase in PA or maintenance of a high PA level results in a more favorable mortality outcome compared with unchanged low levels of PA. 12 – 17 Furthermore, maintaining a low level of PA or decreasing PA over time increases the risk for premature death. 12 – 14

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Kailin C. Parker, Rachel R. Shelton and Rebecca M. Lopez

Clinical Scenario Death from exertional heat stroke (EHS) is preventable if the condition is promptly recognized and the patient is aggressively cooled. 1 , 2 Morbidity and mortality with EHS are often associated with how long a patient with EHS temperature remains above the critical threshold of

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Dariush Sheikholeslami-Vatani, Slahadin Ahmadi and Hassan Faraji

in neurodegenerative diseases, ischemic damage, autoimmune disorders, and many types of cancer ( Elmore, 2007 ). Cell death program is initiated by a variety of extracellular or intracellular signaling pathways. Three major pathways can be involved in the apoptotic cascades: the extrinsic pathway

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Mark Dyreson

New York City public school system. He served as president of both the Playground Association of America and the American Physical Education Association, as well as a founder of the Boy Scouts of America and (with his wife, “Lottie”) of the Campfire Girls. Shortly before his death, the U.S. government

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Rossi et al., in the United States, the use of more advance diagnostic testing on all athletes at the time of preparticipation examination (PPE) is not the current standard of care. a. True b. False 8. Research has shown that _______ of patients with sudden cardiac death (SCD) are asymptomatic until