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Cara Shearer, Hannah R. Goss, Lowri C. Edwards, Richard J. Keegan, Zoe R. Knowles, Lynne M. Boddy, Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers and Lawrence Foweather

include only established organizations, all of which existed in English-speaking developed countries. Yet even in these groups, many had an online presence without a peer-reviewed, published evidence base. Conducting peer-reviewed research and robustly evaluating programs throughout policy and practice

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Jennifer Brunet, Eva Guérin and Nicolas Speranzini

Older adults are one of the fastest growing segments of the population in developed countries ( World Health Organization, 2015 ). Aging men and women are more susceptible to chronic (e.g., cardiovascular conditions, type 2 diabetes, cancer) and degenerative illnesses (e.g., osteoporosis

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Annette J. Raynor, Fiona Iredale, Robert Crowther, Jane White and Julie Dare

care (RAC) facilities in developed countries such as Australia, it is important to promote physical activity in RAC settings ( Australian and New Zealand Society for Geriatric Medicine, 2014 ). To date, the limited amount of exercise-based research in RAC facilities has tended to focus on the effect of

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Kendra R. Todd and Kathleen A. Martin Ginis

occur with the aid of a power wheelchair, manual wheelchair, orthotics, canes, crutches, or even nothing at all. Globally, studies suggest a prevalence rate of 490–526 SCIs per million population among developed countries, and 440 per million for nondeveloped countries. The current global incidence rate

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April Henning and Jörg Krieger

reservations about the change, including those worried that focusing on professionals would stall amateur track-and-field participation in developing countries, Diack saw it differently. In his view, the IAAF was not an organization with athletes as its mission. Rather, the IAAF “is a Federation of Federations

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Carrie W. LeCrom, Brendan Dwyer and Gregory Greenhalgh

. Thompson , K. , Boore , J. , & Deeny , P. ( 2000 ). A comparison of an international experience for nursing students in developed and developing countries . International Journal of Nursing Studies, 37 ( 6 ), 481 – 492 . PubMed ID: 10871658 doi:10.1016/S0020-7489(00)00027-4 10.1016/S0020

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Ray M. Merrill

activity. Research has shown that smokers have more shortness of breath, more injuries, and require more time to recover. 40 In addition, heavy smokers have higher body weight than light smokers. 55 – 57 In developed countries, there tends to be a clustering of smoking and obesity, which may be because

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Shane Pill, Brendon Hyndman, Brendan SueSee and John Williams

sport by this principal is also unsurprising, given that sport is the main movement form within PE in most developed countries ( Tinning, Macdonald, Wright, & Hickey, 2001 ). Chris does not comment about how using digital game design principles is likely to be perceived by other members in his school PE

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Karin Lobenius-Palmér, Birgitta Sjöqvist, Anita Hurtig-Wennlöf and Lars-Olov Lundqvist

 al., 2009 ), indicating that low PA and high sedentary time in youth with disabilities is a widespread phenomenon, at least in developed countries. Although youth with disabilities were less active than youth with TD in almost all PA variables, there were some exceptions. There was, for instance, no

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Liam J.A. Lenten, Aaron C.T. Smith and Ralph-Christopher Bayer

.01.008 Spiteri , A. , & Nepalz , S.K. ( 2006 ). Incentive-based conservation programs in developing countries: A review of some key issues and suggestions for improvements . Environmental Management, 37 ( 1 ), 1 – 14 . doi:10.1007/s00267-004-0311-7 10.1007/s00267-004-0311-7 Stewart , B. , Outram , S