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Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac, José Messias Rodrigues da Silva and Rodolfo Paula Vieira

Population aging is an unprecedented worldwide phenomenon that affects both developed and developing countries. 1 This aging process is changing the demographic profile of society, resulting in a need for adapting the sociopolitical system to the new reality of increasing demand for geriatric

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Kendra R. Todd and Kathleen A. Martin Ginis

occur with the aid of a power wheelchair, manual wheelchair, orthotics, canes, crutches, or even nothing at all. Globally, studies suggest a prevalence rate of 490–526 SCIs per million population among developed countries, and 440 per million for nondeveloped countries. The current global incidence rate

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Diana Castaneda-Gameros, Sabi Redwood and Janice L. Thompson

the present study. As the UK and other developed countries become increasingly diverse, it is important to ensure the health and well-being of migrant groups. While some women may be comfortable in using PA services already available for older adults (e.g., walking clubs, mixed facilities), many

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David Geard, Amanda L. Rebar, Peter Reaburn and Rylee A. Dionigi

pension policy changes. In developed countries such as Australia, a significant proportion of older adults draw partial or full aged pensions for 20 or more years ( Kulik, Ryan, Harper, & George, 2014 ). To make provision of the aged pension sustainable, such countries plan to increase the age at which

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Katherine L. Downing, Jo Salmon, Anna Timperio, Trina Hinkley, Dylan P. Cliff, Anthony D. Okely and Kylie D. Hesketh

Global Matrix 3.0 physical activity report card grades for children and youth (analyzing results from 49 countries) found that, on average, 60% to 70% of children in developed countries exceed the recommended amount of sedentary screen time. 7 Although there has been some success with interventions to

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Alejandra Jáuregui, Selene Pacheco-Miranda, Armando García-Olvera and Emanuel Orozco-Núñez

(policy and practice related), and inclusion of least developed countries and small island developing states. A total of 5 countries were initially identified (Fiji, Zambia, Mexico, South Africa, and Tunisia), of which only 4 accepted to participate (Fiji, Zambia, Mexico, and South Africa). Each of the 4

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Keren Susan Cherian, Ashok Sainoji, Balakrishna Nagalla and Venkata Ramana Yagnambhatt

as it attempts for the first time to understand the energy adequacy of adolescent national-level soccer players in a developing country such as India. The energy expenditure measured using indirect calorimetry was compared with the energy intake estimated using weighed food records. There was an

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Jennifer Brunet, Eva Guérin and Nicolas Speranzini

Older adults are one of the fastest growing segments of the population in developed countries ( World Health Organization, 2015 ). Aging men and women are more susceptible to chronic (e.g., cardiovascular conditions, type 2 diabetes, cancer) and degenerative illnesses (e.g., osteoporosis

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Ray M. Merrill

activity. Research has shown that smokers have more shortness of breath, more injuries, and require more time to recover. 40 In addition, heavy smokers have higher body weight than light smokers. 55 – 57 In developed countries, there tends to be a clustering of smoking and obesity, which may be because

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April Henning and Jörg Krieger

reservations about the change, including those worried that focusing on professionals would stall amateur track-and-field participation in developing countries, Diack saw it differently. In his view, the IAAF was not an organization with athletes as its mission. Rather, the IAAF “is a Federation of Federations