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Julien Louis, Fabrice Vercruyssen, Olivier Dupuy and Thierry Bernard

the individual’s lean body mass (LBM; Loucks & Thuma, 2003 ). EA below 30 kcal kg LBM −1 day −1 is considered low EA and is generally associated with a number of endocrine-metabolic alterations gathered under the term relative energy deficiency in sport . It must be noted that relative energy

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J. Luke Pryor, Brittany Christensen, Catherine G. R. Jackson and Stephanie Moore-Reed

Despite the well-known health benefits associated with regular exercise (increased lean body mass and musculoskeletal health and decreased risk of cardiovascular disease and premature mortality, among other benefits), 3 , 4 less than 10% to 20% of adults in the United States participate in sufficient

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Nathan F. Meier, Yang Bai, Chong Wang and Duck-chul Lee

-body FM, %BF, FFM, and segmental (individual arms, legs, and trunk) lean body mass (or FFM), which excluded fat and included skin, blood, muscle, and bone. ALM was calculated by summing the weight of lean soft tissue from the limbs. Statistical Analysis The data are presented as the mean ±  SD or n

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Cathal Cassidy, Kieran Collins and Marcus Shortall

is the recommended predictive equation for BMR in athletic populations when fat-free mass or lean body mass is unknown ( Burke & Deakin, 2015 ). A physical activity level of 1.45 was selected based on knowledge of the current population. Lower and upper 95% confidence limits were calculated from the

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Luana T. Rossato, Camila T.M. Fernandes, Públio F. Vieira, Flávia M.S. de Branco, Paula C. Nahas, Guilherme M. Puga and Erick P. de Oliveira

. 2018 ; 33 : 127 – 133 . doi:10.1097/TIN.0000000000000135 10.1097/TIN.0000000000000135 23. Segal KR , Van Loan M , Fitzgerald PI , Hodgdon JA , Van Itallie TB . Lean body mass estimation by bioelectrical impedance analysis: a four-site cross-validation study . Am J Clin Nutr . 1988 ; 47

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João Pedro Nunes, Alex S. Ribeiro, Analiza M. Silva, Brad J. Schoenfeld, Leandro dos Santos, Paolo M. Cunha, Matheus A. Nascimento, Crisieli M. Tomeleri, Hellen C.G. Nabuco, Melissa Antunes, Letícia T. Cyrino and Edilson S. Cyrino

(especially the PhA) after 12 weeks of progressive RT in resistance-trained older women. We hypothesized that (a) RT would increase muscle mass, strength, and consequently MQI and (b) as increases in lean body mass are reflected by a higher reactance and in turn a higher PhA, there would be a positive

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Alon Eliakim, Ita Litmanovitz and Dan Nemet

, beneficial bone effects of exercise were not always accompanied by greater weight gain in preterm infants ( 17 ), implying that this mechanism cannot fully explain the effect of exercise on body weight. Other body composition changes such as increased lean body mass or changes in metabolism/food absorption

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Liam Anderson, Graeme L. Close, Matt Konopinski, David Rydings, Jordan Milsom, Catherine Hambly, John Roger Speakman, Barry Drust and James P. Morton

) – – – – – – 0 0 ± 0 Note . LBW = lean body mass. Quantification of Daily Energy Intake, Distribution, and Energy Expenditure During the Weekly Microcycle On the basis of a reduced daily loading pattern when compared with normal training, during Weeks 1–6, the player was advised to adhere to a reduced

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Dong-Sung Choi, Hwang-Jae Lee, Yong-II Shin, Ahee Lee, Hee-Goo Kim and Yun-Hee Kim

Med . 1980 ; 51 ( 8 ): 778 – 787 . PubMed ID: 7417144 7417144 12. Lai CC , Tu YK , Wang TG , Huang YT , Chien KL . Effects of resistance training, endurance training and whole-body vibration on lean body mass, muscle strength and physical performance in older people: a systematic

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Trent Stellingwerff

: The International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK) . Mettler , S. , Mitchell , N. , & Tipton , K.D. ( 2010 ). Increased protein intake reduces lean body mass loss during weight loss in athletes . Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 42 ( 2 ), 326 – 337 . PubMed doi