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Lachlan E. Garrick, Bryce C. Alexander, Anthony G. Schache, Marcus G. Pandy, Kay M. Crossley and Natalie J. Collins

Dynamic single-leg control of the lower limb during running and related sports, such as football and field hockey, may contribute to the development and persistence of lower limb pain and injury. 1 One of the most prominent features of poor single-leg control is dynamic (or apparent) knee valgus

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Sarpreet Kahlon, Kiah Brubacher-Cressman, Erica Caron, Keren Ramonov, Ruth Taubman, Katherine Berg, F. Virginia Wright and Alicia J. Hilderley

, the senior authors (A.J.H. and F.V.W.) conducted a feasibility randomized control trial (RCT) to investigate the effectiveness of two interventions: a FMS-based sport skill training program ( BeFAST ) and a lower limb strength training program ( BeSTRONG ) in children with CP (ClinicalTrials

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Fabian Mager, Jim Richards, Malika Hennies, Eugen Dötzel, Ambreen Chohan, Alex Mbuli and Felix Capanni

phase. Several studies have reported the vertical stiffness for the whole lower limb and joint stiffness for the ankle and knee joint during locomotion. 2 These can be affected by different surfaces 3 and footwear. 4 In addition, an increase in knee joint stiffness and leg stiffness has been shown to

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Hong-Wen Wu, Cheng-Feng Tsai, Kai-Han Liang and Yi-Wen Chang

conditioning in lower limbs. Bouillon et al 13 indicated that higher activation in gluteus maximus and gluteus medius was found in step-down than in lunge. In addition, body position may influence the muscle activation in lunge. Farrokhi et al 14 indicated that compared with lunge at neutral trunk position

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Dimitrios-Sokratis Komaris, Cheral Govind, Andrew Murphy, Alistair Ewen and Philip Riches

hierarchical clustering to classify the sit-to-walk movement and detect asymmetries in the movements of people with and without physical disabilities of the lower limbs. Even though trials are grouped through the clustering process, the movement strategy prescribed to each cluster needs to be identified

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Toshiki Kobayashi, Fan Gao, Nicholas LeCursi, K. Bo Foreman and Michael S. Orendurff

investigated. 4 – 7 Varying stiffness of AFOs has been shown to affect kinematics and kinetics of lower limb joints during gait in individuals with cerebral palsy 4 and stroke. 5 , 6 A simulation study also showed that the energy cost of gait might be optimized by properly tuning AFO

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Fang-Yu Hsu, Kuei-Lan Tsai, Chia-Lun Lee, Wen-Dien Chang and Nai-Jen Chang

investigator, and all performances were prompted by the same certified physical therapist for consistency. At the beginning of each intervention, a 5-minute general active ROM for upper and lower extremities was initiated. Then, participants underwent the pretest in the order of flexibility, lower-limb power

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Benita Olivier, Samantha-Lynn Quinn, Natalie Benjamin, Andrew Craig Green, Jessica Chiu and Weijie Wang

The single-leg squat task is used as a rehabilitative exercise 1 , 2 or as a screening tool 3 , 4 for the functional movement of the lower limb. The presence of pathology influences the way in which the single-leg squat is performed. On performing the single-leg squat, individuals with

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Ammar Nebigh, Mohamed Elfethi Abed, Rihab Borji, Sonia Sahli, Slaheddine Sellami, Zouhair Tabka and Haithem Rebai

, and whole body, and were <2% in the lower limbs. To minimize the interobserver variation, all analyses were made by the same technician. Biochemical Markers Measurements All blood samples were obtained from the participants between 08:00 and 09:30 AM after an overnight fast. Blood samples were

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Adam Jones, Richard Page, Chris Brogden, Ben Langley and Matt Greig

quantified in terms of distance covered. Additional outcome measures in rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and a visual analog scale (VAS) measure of lower-limb muscle soreness were also recorded to reflect the perceptual influence of playing surface. Participants Fifteen amateur male soccer players (22