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Eric D.B. Goulet, Adrien De La Flore, Félix A. Savoie and Jonathan Gosselin

potential to mask blood doping practices, glycerol has been added to the World Anti-Doping Agency Prohibited List (in and out of competitions; Nelson et al., 2011 ). Administration of 1.0 g glycerol/kg BM 2.5 hr before exercise has been shown to result in urine concentration values well above the

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Takuma Hoshiba, Hiroki Nakata, Yasuaki Saho, Kazuyuki Kanosue and Toru Fukubayashi

subjects performed 2 assessments of knee position sense, the position-reproducing and position-matching tasks. The same starting position was used for both tasks, with subjects sitting in a comfortable chair, wearing an eye mask to eliminate visual feedback of knee position, and with knees flexed to 90

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John B. Bartholomew and Sherri L. Sanders

alignment with departmental goals and could be included to support change. For example, travel funds to a conference might be offered as a means to help faculty update their course content and enhance their research. Likewise, resistance to diversity often masks a lack of control over a faculty search and

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Heidi R. Thornton, Jace A. Delaney, Grant M. Duthie and Ben J. Dascombe

chronic sleep deprivation, masking the effect of alterations in training requirements on subsequent sleep. As such, future research could investigate the objective and subjective sleep characteristics and subjective wellness of team-sport athletes who regularly obtain sufficient sleep during intensified

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Tania Pereira, John Durocher and Jamie Burr

using a 3-L cylinder syringe. During data collection, the volume of expired air was measured using an optical turbine connected to the mask, whereas O 2 and CO 2 were measured via sampling lines that attach the facemask to the analyzer (Figure  1 ). Breath-by-breath data were recorded and uploaded for

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Rienk M.A. van der Slikke, Daan J.J. Bregman, Monique A.M. Berger, Annemarie M.H. de Witte and Dirk-Jan (H.) E.J. Veeger

less demanding field positions, possibly masking their potential best performance levels. Therefore, assessment of performance in a match alone provides a narrowed image, possibly disregarding best possible performance levels. By contrast, testing best performance in an isolated field test or lab

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Mhairi J. MacDonald, Samantha G. Fawkner, Ailsa G. Niven and David Rowe

-CPX; Viasys Healthcare, Höchberg, Germany). The participants breathed through an appropriately sized tight-fitting mask (Hans Rudolph Inc, Shawnee Mission, KS) with the total dead space volume, including turbine, of 120 mL. The gas analyzer, volume sensor, and turbine were calibrated according to the

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John Molphy, John W. Dickinson, Neil J. Chester, Mike Loosemore and Gregory Whyte

warm-up (5 min on a motorized treadmill at 10 kph). The 3-km time trials were performed under controlled laboratory conditions of 18°C, 20.9% O 2 , and 40% humidity. During the time trial, participants wore a heart rate (HR) monitor (Polar RS400; Polar Electro Oy, Kempele, Finland) and a face mask

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Hanan Khalil, Mahmoud A. Alomari, Omar Khabour, Aya Al-Hieshan and Jawad A. Bajwa

narrow range of these subscores which may mask (or subside) significant correlations artificially ( Atkinson & Nevill, 1998 ). Thus, future work using a comprehensive battery of cognitive tests that investigate thoroughly different cognitive domains is warranted. The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

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Matthew Pearce, David H. Saunders, Peter Allison and Anthony P. Turner

those from less deprived areas in the sample—characteristics of those reported to have more restricted outdoor time. 6 , 35 – 37 The fact that this sample had relatively high activity levels and low deprivation may mask context-specific barriers to physical activity for the wider population. Strengths