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Bradley D. Hatfield

interactions between motor and nonmotor areas, thus increasing complexity of the neuromotor processes during the aiming period. The translation of the brain state to performance was realized as an increase in normalized jerk, which is a dimensionless index of movement dysfluency ( Kitazawa, Goto

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Christiana Schallhorn and Jessica Kunert

, Sky , and tabloid newspaper BILD , and also on www.esports.com and several Twitch channels, the latter two being popular websites for e-gaming and streaming. Thus, the Bundesliga Home Challenge can be regarded as innovative insofar that it normalized the presence of eSports players almost in passing

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R. Dale Sheptak Jr. and Brian E. Menaker

technological advances, the quest for efficiency and flexibility has reshaped the landscape of work in the 21st century and moved models of employment away from the normalized full-time, regular, and defined work week that became the foundation of the Fordist era and replaced it with part-time, flexible

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Melinda A. Solmon

networks in educational institutions can act to normalize academic misconduct or, conversely, to promote ethical behavior ( Brass et al., 1998 ). Promoting a culture of integrity is a key component in efforts geared toward preventing academic misconduct ( Kusnoor & Falik, 2013 ). A culture of integrity is

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Michael Gay and Semyon Slobounov

investigation, exercise was able to normalize the connections between regions of the brain directly affected by concussion. This phenomenon has also been demonstrated in a cohort of mild cognitive-impaired healthy elderly patients, where functional connectivity of the PCC/precuneus was increased following a 12

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Gretchen Kerr, Anthony Battaglia and Ashley Stirling

the ultimate objective, athletes are vulnerable to being treated as expendable subjects (“means”), and as a result, experiences of maltreatment become normalized in the pursuit of performance excellence (“ends”) ( Burke, 2001 ; David, 2005 ). During the Nassar trial, survivor statements revealed that

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Joshua D. Vadeboncoeur, Trevor Bopp and John N. Singer

physical, but a theoretical state of being where our assumptions, perceptions, and cultural frames operate to normalize and perpetuate whiteness. Thus, this duality of being is critical to the manifestation and reproduction of whiteness, or rather “the theoretical, methodological, epistemological, and

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Milena M. Parent, Michael L. Naraine and Russell Hoye

.786 (all values normalized). Yet, there was one organization that fell well below this average: the Canadian TenPin Federation bore an outdegree score of 13.576, a discernable outlier from the others in the data set. Its low score is not indicative of a lack of coordination with key sport

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Nicholas Burton and Cheri Bradish

represents an important exertion of influence and control and serves to facilitate the normalization and legitimation of ideas, concepts, or practices ( Weedon, 1987 ). This discursive power can further be conceptualized through the lens of soft power ( Nye, 1990 ), which refers to one’s ability “to

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Jimmy Sanderson, Matthew Zimmerman, Sarah Stokowski and Alison Fridley

. 166) and normalizes toxic behavior such as demeaning and belittling those who are perceived to deviate from social norms and ideals ( Litchfield et al., 2018 ). Some scholars suggest that the proliferation of vitriol published online has become a major social problem ( Kavanagh et al., 2016