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Lauren C. Hindman and Nefertiti A. Walker

women both underrepresented and marginalized in ways that have been normalized and legitimized ( Cunningham, 2008 ). Even in sport organizations that publicly espoused gender equity as a value, an underlying assumption of gender inequality can be found. When gaps in gender equity in men’s and women

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Sandra J. Shultz and Randy J. Schmitz

normalized to body weight, but only 3.6% smaller when area was normalized to lean body mass ( Anderson et al., 2001 ) These results are similar to bone and tendon where greater size and strength were more strongly correlated with muscle mass than height, weight, fat mass, total mass, or BMI ( Culvenor et

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Mark L. Latash

reflecting the two aforementioned methods of analysis within the UCM hypothesis. One index, ΔV, reflects the relative amount of V UCM within total variance: ΔV = (V UCM  – V ORT )/V TOT , where V TOT stands for total variance, and each index is normalized per dimension in the corresponding space. Positive

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Bradley D. Hatfield

interactions between motor and nonmotor areas, thus increasing complexity of the neuromotor processes during the aiming period. The translation of the brain state to performance was realized as an increase in normalized jerk, which is a dimensionless index of movement dysfluency ( Kitazawa, Goto

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Christiana Schallhorn and Jessica Kunert

, Sky , and tabloid newspaper BILD , and also on and several Twitch channels, the latter two being popular websites for e-gaming and streaming. Thus, the Bundesliga Home Challenge can be regarded as innovative insofar that it normalized the presence of eSports players almost in passing

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R. Dale Sheptak Jr. and Brian E. Menaker

technological advances, the quest for efficiency and flexibility has reshaped the landscape of work in the 21st century and moved models of employment away from the normalized full-time, regular, and defined work week that became the foundation of the Fordist era and replaced it with part-time, flexible

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Michael Gay and Semyon Slobounov

investigation, exercise was able to normalize the connections between regions of the brain directly affected by concussion. This phenomenon has also been demonstrated in a cohort of mild cognitive-impaired healthy elderly patients, where functional connectivity of the PCC/precuneus was increased following a 12

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Melinda A. Solmon

networks in educational institutions can act to normalize academic misconduct or, conversely, to promote ethical behavior ( Brass et al., 1998 ). Promoting a culture of integrity is a key component in efforts geared toward preventing academic misconduct ( Kusnoor & Falik, 2013 ). A culture of integrity is

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Gretchen Kerr, Anthony Battaglia and Ashley Stirling

the ultimate objective, athletes are vulnerable to being treated as expendable subjects (“means”), and as a result, experiences of maltreatment become normalized in the pursuit of performance excellence (“ends”) ( Burke, 2001 ; David, 2005 ). During the Nassar trial, survivor statements revealed that

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Milena M. Parent, Michael L. Naraine and Russell Hoye

.786 (all values normalized). Yet, there was one organization that fell well below this average: the Canadian TenPin Federation bore an outdegree score of 13.576, a discernable outlier from the others in the data set. Its low score is not indicative of a lack of coordination with key sport