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Emmanuel Jacobs, Ann Hallemans, Jan Gielen, Luc Van den Dries, Annouk Van Moorsel, Jonas Rutgeerts and Nathalie A. Roussel

in pelvis, hip, knee, and ankle (dynamic aspects of the exercise); and the mean joint angular position over the performed step (static/posture during the exercise). A PCA was performed to explore the variance in the selected kinematic variables and to reduce the high number of available parameters. A

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Guillaume Mornieux, Elmar Weltin, Monika Pauls, Franz Rott and Albert Gollhofer

suit that would functionally support the trunk over the pelvis and leg could be a solution to avoid trunk positioning in the opposite direction to the intended movement. Such apparel would work as external trunk stabilizers to improve trunk positioning during various tasks, especially lateral movements

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Mastour S. Alshaharani, Everett B. Lohman, Khaled Bahjri, Travis Harp, Mansoor Alameri, Hatem Jaber and Noha S. Daher

all medical care visits attributed to this condition. 2 Females are 2.23 times more likely to be diagnosed with PFPS, 3 and this gender difference is thought to be a result of females having a wider pelvis, which may alter lower-extremity kinematics. It is often referred to as “runner’s knee

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the tennis player was symptom free and her CK levels were normal. a. True b. False 13. According to Southall et al., what anatomic area is a Morel-Lavallée lesion most commonly seen? a. ankle/foot b. elbow/forearm c. knee d. pelvis/hip 14. In this CASE Report, what diagnostic test confirmed the

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Guilherme S. Nunes, Débora Faria Wolf, Daniel Augusto dos Santos, Marcos de Noronha and Fábio Viadanna Serrão

(physiotherapist with 5 y of experience in manual therapy) stood next to the participant, facing the hip to be treated, and stabilized the participant’s pelvis with both hands. A rigid belt was placed on the participant’s inguinal region and around the therapist’s lumbar region (Figure  2 ). From this position

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Tomoki Oshikawa, Gen Adachi, Hiroshi Akuzawa, Yu Okubo and Koji Kaneoka

(LMF), contribute to segmental motor control of the lumbar spine because they attach directly or indirectly to each lumbar spine in the deep layer of trunk. Global muscles, 2 such as the external oblique (EO), rectus abdominis (RA), and lumbar erector spinae (LES), attach to the pelvis and thorax in

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Peter Francis, Kay Gray and Nic Perrem

in stabilizing the trunk and pelvis. The hip abductors maintain lower limb alignment through reducing accelerations of the center of mass in the sagittal and frontal plane in response to postural perturbations. 3 , 4 Compared to healthy controls, individuals with lower extremity injury such as

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Chi-Whan Choi, Jung-Wan Koo and Yeon-Gyu Jeong

the anterior superior iliac spine of the pelvis and the midline, just superior to the inguinal ligament 5 , 7 , 13 – 17 ; and the QL was placed approximately 3 cm lateral to the L3 spinous process (actually longissimus and iliocostalis at L3). 7 , 15 Given that some of the muscles were deep muscle

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Abby L. Cheng, John A. Merlo, Devyani Hunt, Ted Yemm, Robert H. Brophy and Heidi Prather

athletes appropriately interpreted the injury definition, they were also asked to provide the diagnosis (if any) that they were given by a physician, trainer, or physical therapist. For each injury, athletes listed the affected body part (low back, pelvis, or right/left hip, thigh, knee, shin, ankle, or

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Christopher A. DiCesare, Scott Bonnette, Gregory D. Myer and Adam W. Kiefer

, angular position was calculated as the position of the segment distal to the joint relative to the proximal segment (e.g., hip joint angle was computed as the position of the thigh segment relative to the pelvis). The trunk angle was calculated as the position of the trunk segment relative to the global