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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

degree; 0, bachelor’s degree or higher), family size-adjusted income-to-poverty ratio (2, less than 300%; 1, 300%–599%; 0, 600% or more), current financial situation (2, worst possible; 1, average; 0, best possible), availability of money to meet basic needs (2, not enough; 1, just enough; 0, more than

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Bouwien Smits-Engelsman, Wendy Aertssen and Emmanuel Bonney

6 and attended an elementary school ranked as quintile 2 within the South African context. In South Africa, schools are classified into 5 quintiles using the poverty score of the community in which the school is located. Schools in quintiles 1 through 3 are usually found in poor communities. These

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Kristen Day

activity, compared with other regions. Given the comparative poverty of many African countries (see Online Supplementary Table 1 ), 17 , 25 active living research may not be a priority. Existing studies primarily emphasized the role of urban versus rural environments and also focused on the association

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David Ekholm

inclusion and exclusion. There are most notably processes of othering that form distinctions and social exclusion within sports practices. Also, Vandermeerschen, van Regenmortel and Scheerder ( 2017 ) highlight that youth in poverty often feel excluded from sport and therefore are not able to benefit from

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Mark Dyreson

extinction then, nor is it today. Although still plagued by malnutrition, disease, poverty, and isolation, as well as by incursions into their homelands by the mining, logging, narco-trafficking, and even tourism industries, twenty-first-century Mexican census data count more than 100,000 Tarahumara. They

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Brian P. McCullough, Madeleine Orr and Timothy Kellison

introduction (pp.  77 – 105 ). London, UK : Sage Publications . Collins , T.W. , & Grineski , S.E. ( 2008 ). Unequal impacts of downtown redevelopment: The case of stadium building in Phoenix, AZ . Journal of Poverty, 11 ( 1 ), 23 – 54 . doi: 10.1300/J134v11n01_02 Cordery , C.J. , Sim , D

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Mark Dottori, Guy Faulkner, Ryan Rhodes, Norm O’Reilly, Leigh Vanderloo and Gashaw Abeza

: obesity (increasing numbers of overweight children) Topic: unhealthy eating habits (food in schools/at home, fast foods, etc.) Topic: lack of physical activity (home, school, outdoor, indoor, etc.) Topic: socioeconomic (poverty, access to resources, costs, safety in neighborhoods, single parents, etc

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Lindley McDavid, Meghan H. McDonough, Bonnie T. Blankenship and James M. LeBreton

-of-school free time is that youth in poverty are at an increased risk to engage in problem behaviors that have long-term negative consequences such as crime, substance use, and violence ( Goldner, Peters, Richards, & Pearce, 2011 ; Richards et al., 2004 ; Svensson & Oberwittler, 2010 ). In contrast, time spent

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Laureen H. Smith, Devin Laurent, Erica Baumker and Rick L. Petosa

distrust of outsiders and of the formal health care system. 19 , 20 Furthermore, rural Appalachia has environmental, economic, and social characteristics that influence health problems. 8 Reduced educational opportunities and high unemployment have led to economic instability and persistent poverty

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Angela Devereux-Fitzgerald, Rachael Powell and David P. French

older adults. Actual ward deprivation figures ranged from 38.5% to 54.8% of older adults living in poverty, compared with the English national average of 18.1% ( DCLG, 2011 ). Deprivation figures were based on factors including income, crime risk, access to local amenities, and living environment ( DCLG