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Sabrina Skorski, Iñigo Mujika, Laurent Bosquet, Romain Meeusen, Aaron J. Coutts and Tim Meyer

contraction, and inflammatory responses seem to influence RONS production during and after exercise. 18 Prior oxidative damage caused by intensive training periods might compromise recovery as well as exercise performance. 18 However, Ascensão et al 18 could not find a relationship between oxidative stress

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Bill Stodart, Maria Cup and Curtis Kindel

selected muscle, there is limited research to support the notion that EMG and torque output can be used interchangeably as a criterion for exercise selection. 5 Further research is needed to determine the relationship between EMG and torque output during exercise. This study will attempt to identify the

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Marni J. Simpson, David G. Jenkins, Aaron T. Scanlan and Vincent G. Kelly

athletes. 17 For example, increases in internal workload to a standardized external workload may suggest fatigue or decreased fitness. 1 Given the tight integration of external and internal workloads when interpreting athlete data and the many variables available to collect, quantifying the relationships

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Kenneth Färnqvist, Stephen Pearson and Peter Malliaras

not clear whether these adaptations occur in tendinopathy and if so whether they are associated with improved clinical outcomes. A prior systematic review 9 did not support a relationship between observable structural change (MRI and ultrasound) and improved clinical outcomes when treated by

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Gashaw Abeza, Norm O’Reilly and Ian Reid

Relationship marketing (RM) is about retaining customers through the achievement of long-term mutual satisfaction by businesses and their customers. Sport organizations, to retain customers by establishing, maintaining, and enhancing relationships, need to communicate and engage in dialogue with their customers. To achieve this on an ongoing basis, sport organizations need to employ effective communication platforms. In this regard, social media (SM) is becoming an ideal tool for a continuing 2-way dialogue. However, the effects of SM, primarily in terms of addressing RM goals, are not yet well understood. This study explores the opportunities and challenges facing managers in sport organizations in using SM in an RM strategy. Eight case studies were undertaken on organizations that put on running events. The article presents the findings on the use, opportunities, and challenges of SM and recommendations encouraging continued investigation.

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Susana Carrapatoso, Greet Cardon, Delfien Van Dyck, Joana Carvalho and Freja Gheysen

social support is associated with greater quality of life in older adults ( Garcia, Banegas, Perez-Regadera, Cabrera, & Rodriguez-Artalejo, 2005 ). Phongsavan et al. ( 2013 ) found a consistent relationship between increased frequency in phone contacts, social visits, and social group contacts and

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Andrew D. Govus, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Andrew Murray and Hugh Fullagar

response to the global training load in team sports. 6 For example, pretraining wellness questionnaires are considered valid and reliable tools to imply changes in mood states in athletes, 7 despite their unclear relationship with s-RPE training load in a team-sport context. Recently, Gallo et al 8

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Rob J.H. van Bree, Catherine Bolman, Aart N. Mudde, Maartje M. van Stralen, Denise A. Peels, Hein de Vries and Lilian Lechner

such effective interventions relies on insight into the determinants of PA and their working mechanisms. In order to contribute to this insight the current studies examine whether habit mediates the relationship between prior and later PA and whether PA simultaneously mediates the relationship between

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Stephen Samendinger, Christopher R. Hill, Teri J. Hepler and Deborah L. Feltz

relationship with physical activity behavior. 6 , 7 In light of the health benefits of moderate–vigorous physical activity and the confounding significant levels of insufficient moderate–vigorous physical activity, continued applied research focused on psychosocial motivation factors influencing physical

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Georgia Cervin

, alongside athletics and swimming. 1 If this seems like recognition that the International Olympic Committee (IOC) needs gymnastics in its program, such a conclusion is not borne out in reality, as this paper demonstrates. In fact, the power in the relationship between the Federation Internationale de