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Samuel R. Heaselgrave, Joe Blacker, Benoit Smeuninx, James McKendry and Leigh Breen

frequency of 2 times per week has been suggested to be superior to 1 weekly session (when total volume is matched). 7 However, the optimal RT volume and frequency to maximize muscle hypertrophy and strength remain unclear. Several potential relationships between RT volume and skeletal muscle hypertrophy

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Megan B. Shreffler, Adam R. Cocco and Jacob R. Shreffler

Management Programs Research on the effectiveness of online education in sport management programs has examined relationships between instructional methodologies and course outcomes. In an early piece of scholarly work on the topic, Bennett ( 2002 ) sought to provide an in-depth description and analysis of

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Matthew Katz, Thomas A. Baker III and Hui Du

.g., Major League Soccer, National Women’s Soccer League; Szymanski, 2018 ). The popularity of international soccer leagues in the United States may be attributed to a reputation of superior quality, but sustained consumption of sport requires a meaningful relationship between consumers and the brand ( Wann

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Haixia Guo, Michaela A. Schenkelberg, Jennifer R. O’Neill, Marsha Dowda and Russell R. Pate

adolescents ( 2 ); however, there is inconclusive evidence of the association between BMI and PA behaviors of children ( 35 ). Few studies, however, have explored the influence of BMI on the relationship between motor performance and PA behaviors of children ( 2 ). Existing studies that focused on older

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Sophia Jowett

Four studies were conducted to assess the psychometric properties and the theoretical basis of a version of the Inventory of Desirable Responding in Relationships, which was originally developed and validated for the assessment of romantic relationships, in a different relational context (i.e., coach-athlete relationships). The first study aimed to address the content validity of the modified inventory, the Inventory of Desirable Responding in Coach-Athlete Relationship (IDR-CART) scale. The second study employed factor analytic techniques to examine its psychometric properties. Results confirmed the two-factor structure of the inventory: self-deception (CART-SD) and impression management (CART-IM). In the third study, data were collected under public and anonymous conditions. Results revealed, however, that neither condition supported the factor structure, thereby casting doubt on theoretical assumptions. The fourth study demonstrated that CART-SD is associated with indices of relationship quality, providing evidence of convergent validity. Limitations and future research directions are discussed.

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Sabrina Skorski, Iñigo Mujika, Laurent Bosquet, Romain Meeusen, Aaron J. Coutts and Tim Meyer

contraction, and inflammatory responses seem to influence RONS production during and after exercise. 18 Prior oxidative damage caused by intensive training periods might compromise recovery as well as exercise performance. 18 However, Ascensão et al 18 could not find a relationship between oxidative stress

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Kenneth Färnqvist, Stephen Pearson and Peter Malliaras

not clear whether these adaptations occur in tendinopathy and if so whether they are associated with improved clinical outcomes. A prior systematic review 9 did not support a relationship between observable structural change (MRI and ultrasound) and improved clinical outcomes when treated by

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Bill Stodart, Maria Cup and Curtis Kindel

selected muscle, there is limited research to support the notion that EMG and torque output can be used interchangeably as a criterion for exercise selection. 5 Further research is needed to determine the relationship between EMG and torque output during exercise. This study will attempt to identify the

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Gashaw Abeza, Norm O’Reilly and Ian Reid

Relationship marketing (RM) is about retaining customers through the achievement of long-term mutual satisfaction by businesses and their customers. Sport organizations, to retain customers by establishing, maintaining, and enhancing relationships, need to communicate and engage in dialogue with their customers. To achieve this on an ongoing basis, sport organizations need to employ effective communication platforms. In this regard, social media (SM) is becoming an ideal tool for a continuing 2-way dialogue. However, the effects of SM, primarily in terms of addressing RM goals, are not yet well understood. This study explores the opportunities and challenges facing managers in sport organizations in using SM in an RM strategy. Eight case studies were undertaken on organizations that put on running events. The article presents the findings on the use, opportunities, and challenges of SM and recommendations encouraging continued investigation.

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Marni J. Simpson, David G. Jenkins, Aaron T. Scanlan and Vincent G. Kelly

athletes. 17 For example, increases in internal workload to a standardized external workload may suggest fatigue or decreased fitness. 1 Given the tight integration of external and internal workloads when interpreting athlete data and the many variables available to collect, quantifying the relationships