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Matthew Katz, Nefertiti A. Walker and Lauren C. Hindman

& Sartore-Baldwin, 2013 ), yet we argue these studies did not explicitly look at networks or structural patterns of relationships. In other words, although claims of an “old boys’ network” pervade and permeate discussions of the underrepresentation of women, we are unaware of any studies that actually build

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T. Bettina Cornwell, Steffen Jahn, Hu Xie and Wang Suk Suh

). Sponsorship studies often fail, however, to consider outcomes for both the sport and the sponsor (with some exceptions; Woisetschläger, Backhaus, & Cornwell, 2017 ). Furthermore, the influence of emotions on recall for sponsors still remains unresearched despite an established relationship in psychology

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Khirey B. Walker, Chad Seifried, Brian Soebbing and Kwame Agyemang

Organizations have an opportunity to be recognized in a positive manner through success, a strong relationship with stakeholders, and/or the creation of a substantial rapport with community members ( Bakker & Schaufeli, 2008 ). On the other hand, the probability of organizations’ receiving negative

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Fernando Borges

mediatization process ( Livingstone & Lunt, 2014 ) and how “media logic” ( Altheide & Snow, 1979 ) is being adopted by other social institutions. Furthermore, it is worth noting the symbiotic relationship between media and sport organizations, considering examples of sports and media organizations that crossed

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Landy Di Lu and Kathryn L. Heinze

one of the strongest supporters” (personal communication, April 18, 2017). Interstate Networks We did not find significant effects of interstate networks on adoption. As shown in Model 4, the coefficient for neighboring states’ adoption implies a positive relationship (which is consistent with our

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Shannon Hamm-Kerwin and Alison Doherty

Conflict can significantly influence the performance of a group and the attitudes of their members. As with any organizational group, conflict is expected within the boards of nonprofit organizations. The purpose of this paper was to examine the nature of intragroup conflict in nonprofit sport boards, and its impact on perceived decision quality, board member satisfaction, and commitment to the board. Seventy-four provincial sport organization board members were surveyed. The results indicated that task, relationship, and process conflict were negatively related to decision quality, satisfaction, and commitment, and relationship conflict was the most influential variable on all three outcomes. The mediating effect of relationship conflict on the conflict to outcomes associations was also uncovered. The findings have implications for the management of relationship conflict in this context, as well as the management of task and process conflict which may trigger relationship conflict. Several areas for future research are presented.

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Robert J. Lake

Indeed, this sustained relationship became as much about the BBC’s quality service as the complementary image it afforded them; cable television—or even commercial terrestrial television, like ITV—seemingly did not have the same cachet or assumed value system commensurate with amateur sport. Alongside

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Joe J. Phua

Research on sports fans has demonstrated a positive relationship between fan identification and self-esteem. The current investigation extended previous research by testing media use as a moderator. The author hypothesized that media use would be positively associated with measures of fan identification and collective self-esteem and also moderate the relationship between these 2 variables. This is because media use enhances positive distinctiveness for fans of sports teams, leading to higher collective self-esteem levels because of the ability to get up-to-date information about the team or player they support. Data gathered from student fans (N = 203) of a major U.S. west coast university football team confirmed the author’s expectations that sports fans’ use of 4 types of media—print, broadcast, online, and mobile phones—moderated the relationship between fan identification and collective self-esteem, with online media having the greatest impact on this relationship.

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Shirley Cleave

This study examined the appropriateness of using Hackman and Oldham's (1976, 1980) Job Characteristics Model with a sample of university physical education and sport administrators (NV = 217). The Job Characteristics Model specifies certain relationships between the design characteristics of a job and the levels of motivation, satisfaction, and productivity experienced by the worker. It also considers the effect of individual differences in moderating the relationships. The results of this study showed strong support for only some components of the theoretical model. In particular some relationships involving growth satisfaction and autonomy were not as predicted by the model. In addition, individual differences did not function as moderators of the relationships in the model. While theoretical models can be useful in helping to explain phenomena in the field of sport management, researchers in the field must continue to test the applicability of models developed in other fields.

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Stephen Frawley, Daniel Favaloro and Nico Schulenkorf

the relationship between experience and education within each of the organizations that took part in the study. Importance of Experience Experience was found to be a significant process within each case organization, with participants demonstrating its great importance to individuals’ overall