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Ali Al-Yaaribi and Maria Kavussanu

-Yaaribi et al., 2016 ). Task cohesion We measured task cohesion using the task cohesion subscale of the Youth Sport Environment Questionnaire ( Eys et al., 2009a ). This subscale contains eight items and one spurious negative item to detect invalid responses. Example items are “I like the way we work

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Thelma S. Horn

incremental mind-set in young athletes. Thus, strategies offer a theory-based but also very practical guide to the enhancement of positive mind-sets in the youth sport setting. Key #4: Using Feedback to Create and Maintain Sport Environments Free From Bias The fourth recommendation is that coaches’ feedback

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Victoria McGee and J.D. DeFreese

accomplishment is characterized by an athlete feeling unable to achieve personal goals or perform up to individual expectations. Athletes that perceive higher levels of closeness with their coaches are likely perceive themselves as more competent, skilled, and capable in the sport environment ( Jowett

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Sommer Christie, Maurizio Bertollo and Penny Werthner

repeated-measures research designs. In fact, the day-to-day sport environment can be demanding and unpredictable (e.g., travel, injury, competition schedule), making the retention of subjects and the control of groups difficult ( Martin et al., 2005 ). To increase sample size and to maintain participants

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Krista Van Slingerland, Natalie Durand-Bush, Poppy DesClouds and Göran Kenttä

 al., 2013 ; Park, Lavallee, & Tod, 2013 ; Putukian, 2016 ; Taylor, Ogilvie, & Lavallee, 2006 ). Evidence shows that athletes’ mental health problems should be addressed by practitioners who understand the competitive sport environment and can interact in this context, as necessary ( Lopez & Levy, 2013

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Lauren A. Gardner, Christopher A. Magee and Stewart A. Vella

in females as they progress through adolescence, so age and sex are important factors to consider. 17 In addition, dropout may differ between recreational and competitive sport environments. 3 Perceived competence is also considered a key determinant of youth physical activity 18 with a recent

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Jenny H. Conviser, Amanda Schlitzer Tierney and Riley Nickols

resilient and able to function well for a finite period of time; however, ED complications resulting from prolonged states of energy deficiency and physical demands will eventually manifest with far-reaching implications for health and safety. Conclusion The sport environment has been shown to influence the

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Alan L. Smith and Daniel Gould

youth sport, a matter of intensified concern in light of recent high-profile cases of athlete abuse. Gretchen Kerr, Anthony Battaglia, and Ashley Stirling make clear that athlete abuse is a systemic issue requiring concerted attention and a commitment to safe, harm-free youth sport environments. They

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Corrado Lupo, Alexandru Nicolae Ungureanu, Riccardo Frati, Matteo Panichi, Simone Grillo and Paolo Riccardo Brustio

can be influenced by different types of training session and individual performance status, especially in the team sport environment. Differently from players, coaches could be less influenced by these feelings, potentially demonstrating more objective RPE scores (ie, high correlated to a measurement

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Shannon O’Donnell, Christopher M. Beaven and Matthew Driller

differing nap conditions. 19 Therefore, the findings of the 2 previous studies warrant future research on cognitive performance and decision making following naps in the professional sport environment. Previous research 26 , 27 has shown the ideal nap duration to be between 10 and 20 minutes, where the