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Bradley S. Beardt, Myranda R. McCollum, Taylour J. Hinshaw, Jacob S. Layer, Margaret A. Wilson, Qin Zhu and Boyi Dai

calculated with landing of the right foot prior to the left foot defined as positive. Stance time was quantified as the time duration between the first foot initial contact and second foot takeoff. Hip centers were defined as 25% of the distance from the ipsilateral to the contralateral greater trochanters

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Jeremy Hapeta, Rochelle Stewart-Withers and Farah Palmer

this in mind, we reinforce the importance of assuming a strengths-based stance ( Paraschak, 2013 ) as Indigenous and KM scholars, and we illustrate this argument using the sport for social change case studies based in Aotearoa NZ. The research originates from a “ground-up” perspective ( Pihama, Cram

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Justine J. Reel, Leslie Podlog, Lindsey Hamilton, Lindsey Greviskes, Dana K. Voelker and Cara Gray

) qualitative investigation of female figure skaters, we adopted a social constructivist stance to view the experiences of female professional dancers through a lens of a phenomenon highly influenced by environmental and cultural factors. This approach was used to give voice to participants and enable them to

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Jan Andrysek, Susan Klejman and John Kooy

The goal of this study was to investigate clinically relevant biomechanical conditions relating to the setup and alignment of knee-ankle-foot orthoses and the influence of these conditions on knee extension moments and orthotic stance control during gait. Knee moments were collected using an instrumented gait laboratory and concurrently a load transducer embedded at the knee-ankle-foot orthosis knee joint of four individuals with poliomyelitis. We found that knee extension moments were not typically produced in late stance-phase of gait. Adding a dorsiflexion stop at the orthotic ankle significantly decreased the knee flexion moments in late stance-phase, while slightly flexing the knee in stance-phase had a variable effect. The findings suggest that where users of orthoses have problems initiating swing-phase flexion with stance control orthoses, an ankle dorsiflexion stop may be used to enhance function. Furthermore, the use of stance control knee joints that lock while under flexion may contribute to more inconsistent unlocking of the stance control orthosis during gait.

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Nicole J. Chimera and Mallorie Larson

The lower quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-LQ) is a clinical movement screening test aimed at assessing dynamic balance. The YBT-LQ utilizes unilateral stance while reaching in 3 reach directions: anterior, posteromedial, and posterolateral to assess both a composite reach score and asymmetry assessment

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Adam M. Fullenkamp, Danilo V. Tolusso, C. Matthew Laurent, Brian M. Campbell and Andrea E. Cripps

), there were a number of significant findings with regard to angular kinematics in the sagittal plane (no differences were observed for Ab/Ab or I/E motions). Figure  1 depicts significant increases in hip-flexion angle during NMT walking compared to OG for a period in late stance, as well as a period

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Tzu-Chieh Liao, Joyce H. Keyak and Christopher M. Powers

corresponding to the individual subject’s maximum knee flexion angle during the stance phase of running (average: 40.7° [4.7]°) in a supine position. Quadriceps muscle morphology was assessed from axial plane MR images of the thigh using a 3-D spoiled gradient-recalled echo protocol (repetition time: 10.1 ms

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Alberto Pardo-Ibáñez, Jose L. Bermejo, Sergio Gandia, Julien Maitre, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Isaac Estevan and Xavier Garcia-Masso

adolescence (i.e., between 13 and 17 years old) through the analysis of COP signals. First of all, our results found different postural control between subjects of 13–14 years old and older adolescents. Furthermore, a critical change was found in sensory reweighting during the bipedal stance with manipulation

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Simon A. Feros, Warren B. Young and Brendan J. O’Brien

respect to the stance of a live batter and the bounce of the new ball. The batter “took guard” on the line of middle stump and stood with feet parallel and either side of the popping crease. A live batter was included for 2 primary reasons: to provide specific cues for the bouncer (short-pitched delivery

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Lachlan E. Garrick, Bryce C. Alexander, Anthony G. Schache, Marcus G. Pandy, Kay M. Crossley and Natalie J. Collins

force vector is medial to the knee joint center throughout stance, hence an external knee adduction moment (KAM) is generated. However, with excessive dynamic knee valgus, the ground reaction force vector may (in extreme cases) shift lateral to the knee joint center in the frontal plane, thereby