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Bill I. Campbell, Danielle Aguilar, Laurin Conlin, Andres Vargas, Brad Jon Schoenfeld, Amey Corson, Chris Gai, Shiva Best, Elfego Galvan and Kaylee Couvillion

the same technician, whose calculated FFM test–retest reliability was intraclass correlation = .99; SEM  = 0.37 kg; minimal difference = 1.03 kg. Maximal strength testing took place approximately 24 hr after the body composition assessment. After completing a body mass warm-up, participants followed

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Susan J. Leach, Joyce R. Maring and Ellen Costello

) was comprised of 33.3% females with a mean age of 73.8 (5.4) years. Baseline Characteristics No significant between-group differences were noted for the demographic variables or outcome measures at baseline (Table  1 ) except the ankle dorsiflexion strength test. The B&S group exhibited greater

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Matthew D. DeLang, Mehdi Rouissi, Nicola L. Bragazzi, Karim Chamari and Paul A. Salamh

benefit from quantifying between-limbs symmetry via maximal isokinetic strength testing of the hamstrings and quadriceps. In conjunction with desired strength outputs, these standards could be used to assure readiness to play. However, while this guideline of identifying between-limbs symmetry is

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Sabrine N. Costa, Edgar R. Vieira and Paulo C. B. Bento

3 dynamometer (Biodex Medical Inc.) was used for all strength testing. Isokinetic dynamometers frequently are used to assess neuromuscular function because they provide detailed torque, velocity, and position data with high mechanical reliability ( Drouin, Valovich-mcleod, Shultz, Gansneder

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Neal R. Glaviano and Susan Saliba

. Pain during testing was collected to ensure similarities between participants as pain has been previously identified to alter strength testing. The distance between the patient’s line and the far left line (no pain) was measured in centimeters to the closest 10th of a centimeter. The VAS is a popular

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Mary Hellen Morcelli, Dain Patrick LaRoche, Luciano Fernandes Crozara, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Camilla Zamfolini Hallal, Mauro Gonçalves and Marcelo Tavella Navega

for predicting gait speed group membership, to establish critical torque and rate of torque development thresholds for each joint, and to test the sensitivity and specificity of these strength tests in identifying individuals at risk of slow gait speed. Receiver operator characteristic curves were

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Curtis Kindel and John Challis

). On the day of strength testing all subjects had their hip, knee, and ankle joint ranges of motion measured by a licensed physical therapist, and then warmed-up on a recumbent stationary bike at a self-selected speed for 5 minutes. Strength curves were assessed for hip extension using a Biodex

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Kieran J. Marston, Belinda M. Brown, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Sabine Bird, Linda K. Wijaya, Shaun Y. M. Teo, Ralph N. Martins and Jeremiah J. Peiffer

rating of perceived exertion. Maximal strength testing Maximal strength was determined for four exercises in the following testing sequence: (a) bench press, (b) leg press, (c) lat pull-down, and (d) leg curl. Immediately prior to RM testing, blood pressure was deemed appropriate to proceed for exercise

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Stephen M. Cornish, Jeremie E. Chase, Eric M. Bugera and Gordon G. Giesbrecht

) percentage of body fat by bioelectrical impedance, (e) waist circumference, and (f) standard 1RM strength testing on each of the six muscle group apparatuses for determining the experimental resistance levels. These measures were taken on each participant to indicate that they were typically healthy older adult

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Daniel Gilfeather, Grant Norte, Christopher D. Ingersoll and Neal R. Glaviano

the muscle, with one electrode just inferior to the iliac crest and the other electrode just superior to the greater trochanter. Participants completed hip abduction strength testing in a standing position in a Biodex System 4 Pro dynamometer (Biodex Medical Systems, Inc, Shirley, NY), with the axis