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Matthew D. DeLang, Mehdi Rouissi, Nicola L. Bragazzi, Karim Chamari and Paul A. Salamh

benefit from quantifying between-limbs symmetry via maximal isokinetic strength testing of the hamstrings and quadriceps. In conjunction with desired strength outputs, these standards could be used to assure readiness to play. However, while this guideline of identifying between-limbs symmetry is

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Susan J. Leach, Joyce R. Maring and Ellen Costello

) was comprised of 33.3% females with a mean age of 73.8 (5.4) years. Baseline Characteristics No significant between-group differences were noted for the demographic variables or outcome measures at baseline (Table  1 ) except the ankle dorsiflexion strength test. The B&S group exhibited greater

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Sabrine N. Costa, Edgar R. Vieira and Paulo C. B. Bento

3 dynamometer (Biodex Medical Inc.) was used for all strength testing. Isokinetic dynamometers frequently are used to assess neuromuscular function because they provide detailed torque, velocity, and position data with high mechanical reliability ( Drouin, Valovich-mcleod, Shultz, Gansneder

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Curtis Kindel and John Challis

). On the day of strength testing all subjects had their hip, knee, and ankle joint ranges of motion measured by a licensed physical therapist, and then warmed-up on a recumbent stationary bike at a self-selected speed for 5 minutes. Strength curves were assessed for hip extension using a Biodex

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José Messias Rodrigues da Silva, Marcia Uchoa de Rezende, Tânia Carvalho Spada, Lucila da Silva Francisco, Helenilson Pereira dos Santos, Robson de Andrade Souza, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve and Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac

isokinetic strength-testing protocol of the knee and ankle in older adults . Gerontology . 2009 ; 55 ( 3 ): 259 – 268 . 10.1159/000172832 18997454 27. Symons TB , Vandervoort AA , Rice CL , Overend TJ , Marsh GD . Reliability of isokinetic and isometric knee-extensor force in older women

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Mary Hellen Morcelli, Dain Patrick LaRoche, Luciano Fernandes Crozara, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Camilla Zamfolini Hallal, Mauro Gonçalves and Marcelo Tavella Navega

for predicting gait speed group membership, to establish critical torque and rate of torque development thresholds for each joint, and to test the sensitivity and specificity of these strength tests in identifying individuals at risk of slow gait speed. Receiver operator characteristic curves were

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Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo, María del Mar Bibiloni, Gonzalo Palacios, Antoni Sureda, Agustín Meléndez-Ortega, Josep Antoni Tur Marí and Marcela González-Gross

) Handgrip strength test by groups: males. Level set at P  < .05. Statistical analyses adjusted for age. (D) Chair stand test by groups: males. a Significant differences between inactive and high sedentary and active and low sedentary. b Significant differences between inactive and low sedentary and active and low

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Stephen M. Cornish, Jeremie E. Chase, Eric M. Bugera and Gordon G. Giesbrecht

) percentage of body fat by bioelectrical impedance, (e) waist circumference, and (f) standard 1RM strength testing on each of the six muscle group apparatuses for determining the experimental resistance levels. These measures were taken on each participant to indicate that they were typically healthy older adult

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Vandre C. Figueiredo, Michelle M. Farnfield, Megan L.R. Ross, Petra Gran, Shona L. Halson, Jonathan M. Peake, David Cameron-Smith and James F. Markworth

procedures. All procedures were approved by the human research ethic committees of RMIT University and the Australian Institute of Sport and conformed to the Declaration of Helsinki. Preliminary Testing Leg strength testing and familiarization One week prior to commencing the study, all subjects reported to

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Dai Sugimoto, Benton E. Heyworth, Brandon A. Yates, Dennis E. Kramer, Mininder S. Kocher and Lyle J. Micheli

joint was then passively moved from extension and flexion (Figure  2B ). 15 , 39 , 40 Figure 2 Images of knee extension (A) and flexion (B) range of motion measurements. Muscle Strength Test Quadriceps strength was assessed while patients were seated on the edge of treatment table with 90° of knee