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Manuel Terraza-Rebollo and Ernest Baiget

evaluate its effect on the dependent variables (serve velocity and accuracy) in order to determine its efficacy for using it as a performance enhancer. Subjects participated in 1 familiarization session, 1 test session (maximum strength test and anthropometric test), 1 control session, and 3 experimental

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Selvin Balki and Hanım Eda Göktas¸

goniometer (B); knee extension muscle testing, rectus femoris Y -shaped KT, and knee fan-shaped KT applications (C); and knee flexion muscle testing (D). Note . All measurements in the study were done without KT. KT indicates Kinesio tape. Muscle Strength Tests All strength tests were performed with

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Bill I. Campbell, Danielle Aguilar, Laurin Conlin, Andres Vargas, Brad Jon Schoenfeld, Amey Corson, Chris Gai, Shiva Best, Elfego Galvan and Kaylee Couvillion

the same technician, whose calculated FFM test–retest reliability was intraclass correlation = .99; SEM  = 0.37 kg; minimal difference = 1.03 kg. Maximal strength testing took place approximately 24 hr after the body composition assessment. After completing a body mass warm-up, participants followed

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Susan J. Leach, Joyce R. Maring and Ellen Costello

) was comprised of 33.3% females with a mean age of 73.8 (5.4) years. Baseline Characteristics No significant between-group differences were noted for the demographic variables or outcome measures at baseline (Table  1 ) except the ankle dorsiflexion strength test. The B&S group exhibited greater

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Sabrine N. Costa, Edgar R. Vieira and Paulo C. B. Bento

3 dynamometer (Biodex Medical Inc.) was used for all strength testing. Isokinetic dynamometers frequently are used to assess neuromuscular function because they provide detailed torque, velocity, and position data with high mechanical reliability ( Drouin, Valovich-mcleod, Shultz, Gansneder

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Matthew D. DeLang, Mehdi Rouissi, Nicola L. Bragazzi, Karim Chamari and Paul A. Salamh

benefit from quantifying between-limbs symmetry via maximal isokinetic strength testing of the hamstrings and quadriceps. In conjunction with desired strength outputs, these standards could be used to assure readiness to play. However, while this guideline of identifying between-limbs symmetry is

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Caroline Lisee, Lindsay Slater, Jay Hertel and Joe M. Hart

self-selected pace and were asked with which leg they would kick a ball farther to determine the dominant (DOM) leg. Participants were seated in the Biodex System III multimode dynamometer (Biodex Medical System, Inc, Shirley, NY) for isokinetic knee-extensor and knee-flexor strength testing

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Mary Hellen Morcelli, Dain Patrick LaRoche, Luciano Fernandes Crozara, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Camilla Zamfolini Hallal, Mauro Gonçalves and Marcelo Tavella Navega

for predicting gait speed group membership, to establish critical torque and rate of torque development thresholds for each joint, and to test the sensitivity and specificity of these strength tests in identifying individuals at risk of slow gait speed. Receiver operator characteristic curves were

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Justin L. Rush, Lindsey K. Lepley, Steven Davi and Adam S. Lepley

assessment. Quadriceps Strength Testing and Volitional Activation Isometric strength was assessed using an isokinetic dynamometer by collecting the participant’s maximal voluntary force of the quadriceps muscles. Participants were instructed to sit on the dynamometer and were positioned in 90° of trunk

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Neal R. Glaviano and Susan Saliba

. Pain during testing was collected to ensure similarities between participants as pain has been previously identified to alter strength testing. The distance between the patient’s line and the far left line (no pain) was measured in centimeters to the closest 10th of a centimeter. The VAS is a popular