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Linn Bøhler, Sílvia Ribeiro Coutinho, Jens F. Rehfeld, Linda Morgan and Catia Martins

). Then, a fasting blood sample was taken, and participants consumed an LE or an HE breakfast (in a random order). Subjective feelings of hunger, fullness, desire to eat, and prospective food consumption were measured in fasting, immediately after breakfast, and every 30 min up to 2.5 hr using visual

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia and Pedro de la Villa

that EECP does not enhance short-term recovery after high-intensity exercise in healthy, highly trained individuals, with no beneficial effects observed in performance, subjective perception, blood lactate removal, or autonomic system recovery. Interestingly, EECP might even impair vagal tone recovery

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Eduardo Macedo Penna, Edson Filho, Samuel Penna Wanner, Bruno Teobaldo Campos, Gabriel Resende Quinan, Thiago Teixeira Mendes, Mitchell Robert Smith and Luciano Sales Prado

to as many words as possible for a period of 30 minutes. The control trial involved watching a 30-minute video regarding the history of world aviation. This video was identified as emotionally neutral (no change in heart rate, HRV, or mood) in a pilot test. Subjective Ratings To serve as manipulation

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Matthew Nagy, Molly O’Sullivan, Shannon Block and Rebecca E. Hasson

-related fatigue were measured via self-report using the fatigue subscale of the Subjective Exercise Experiences Scale at 3 time points each condition day: at the beginning of the day ( t  = 0800 h, 0 activity breaks completed), the middle of the day ( t  = 1200 h, 10 activity breaks completed), and the end of the

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Hamish Crocket

Dominant analyses of sporting subjectivities suggest the contemporary athletic subject embodies a win-at-all-costs instrumental rationality. Yet, as Carless and Douglas (2012) argue, athletes are able to find less problematic alternatives to this understanding of sport. In this article, I use Foucault’s concept of “practices of the self” to undertake a sociological analysis of ethical subjectivities within Ultimate Frisbee. I focus specifically on ascetic, or self-controlling, practices of the self through which players create relationships between their self, Ultimate’s moral code and others. I use this case study to argue that ethical subjectivities offer a productive perspective for sociology of sport.

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Lindsay T. Starling and Michael I. Lambert

potential to detect signs of fatigue at their earliest stages before decrements in performance occurs. 16 – 19 Direct observation and self-report measures are both subjective means to monitor players’ fatigue/recovery. They are popular because of the simplicity and cost effectiveness of their

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Haresh T. Suppiah, Chee Yong Low, Gabriel Choong and Michael Chia

1.8 to 2.4 seconds to prevent anticipation of the start signal. Statistical Analyses Paired t tests were performed to evaluate differences in sleep and performance measures. A 2-way within-subjects analysis of variance was employed to compare the differences in subjective measures of sleepiness

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Thiago S. Duarte, Danilo L. Alves, Danilo R. Coimbra, Bernardo Miloski, João C. Bouzas Marins and Maurício G. Bara Filho

consensus in the literature on the most appropriate method to monitor the ITL in team sports. 13 Among the most used models, we highlight the subjective internal training load (SITL), being the most use the session rating of perceived exertion (session-RPE) 9 , 15 , 16 and objective internal training load

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Mark Kenneally, Arturo Casado and Jordan Santos-Concejero

described, determined by either physiological factors (ie, lactate threshold [LT], ventilatory threshold [VT], percentage of the maximum oxygen uptake [%VO 2 max], percentage of the maximum heart rate [%HRmax]) or subjective factors (ie, session goal or session rate of perceived exertion [RPE-Borg scale

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Liam Sayer, Nidia Rodriguez-Sanchez, Paola Rodriguez-Giustiniani, Christopher Irwin, Danielle McCartney, Gregory R. Cox, Stuart D.R. Galloway and Ben Desbrow

standardized breakfast in a quantity relative to BM (20 kJ/kg and 1 g carbohydrate/kg) that consisted of raisin toast, strawberry jam, and fruit juice (200 ml), before completing a questionnaire on gastrointestinal subjective symptoms, voiding their bladder and obtaining a baseline nude BM measurement (Part A