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Tatiane Piucco, Fernando Diefenthaeler, Rogério Soares, Juan M. Murias and Guillaume Y. Millet

(Figures  4A and 4B ), indicating a close pattern of physiological demand. A relatively large plateau in V ˙ O 2 versus workload relationship was observed for most of the tests. Foster et al 22 pointed out to the remarkable ability of the skaters to rapidly attain and sustain maximal level of V ˙ O 2

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Robert H. Mann, Craig A. Williams, Bryan C. Clift and Alan R. Barker

calibrated automatic analyzer (YSI 2300; Yellow Springs Instruments, Yellow Springs, OH) in duplicate and averaged for subsequent analysis. LT and LTP were visually obtained by plotting blood lactate against running velocity and were approved by 2 independent reviewers. LT was accepted as the first sustained

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Scott Cocking, Mathew G. Wilson, David Nichols, N. Timothy Cable, Daniel J. Green, Dick H. J. Thijssen and Helen Jones

ischemic conditions, 2 it remains unknown whether previously observed local IPC-induced metabolic adaptations 9 , 30 may have contributed to these findings. Nevertheless, the current data are suggestive that traditional IPC, applied locally, enhances the ability to sustain the same workload for a

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Alison Keogh, Barry Smyth, Brian Caulfield, Aonghus Lawlor, Jakim Berndsen and Cailbhe Doherty

cost of running 1 (2.8) 2 (1.8) Lactate concentration at turnpoint 1 (2.8) 2 (1.8) Maximal sustainable fraction of VO 2 max 1 (2.8) 2 (1.8) Velocity where lactate goes above baseline 1 (2.8) 2 (1.8) Ventilatory threshold 1 (2.8) 2 (1.8) VO 2 max at lactate threshold 1 (2.8) 2 (1.8) Annual training

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Bianca Miarka, Fábio Dal Bello, Ciro J. Brito, Fabrício B. Del Vecchio, John Amtmann and Karim Chamari

, early detection, early treatment of health problems), and tertiary prevention (ie, reducing complications associated with already sustained health problems). 17 A translating research into injury prevention practice framework model is looking at primary prevention. 17 In some cases, injury has occurred because

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Erin Calaine Inglis, Danilo Iannetta, Louis Passfield and Juan M. Murias

Identifying the critical intensity of exercise is a crucial aspect for predicting performance, prescribing exercise training, and evaluating the effectiveness of training interventions. 1 , 2 This critical intensity is thought to represent the upper boundary of sustainable performance (ie

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Olfa Turki, Wissem Dhahbi, Sabri Gueid, Sami Hmaied, Marouen Souaifi and Riadh Khalifa

implication for long-term training adaptations. 33 Interestingly, our findings indicate that for the loaded conditions, RCOD performance were faster at 15-second postwarm-up intervention, and this PAP effect was sustained up to 8-minute postwarm-up intervention. For the unloaded condition, such RCODs

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Matthew Ellis, Mark Noon, Tony Myers and Neil Clarke

action of adenosine, which increases cell activity. 5 Direct antagonism of adenosine receptors may improve aerobic performance through enhanced excitation–contraction coupling through increased release of Ca 2+ from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. 6 Similarly, it can reduce pain perception and sustain

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Pitre C. Bourdon, Sarah M. Woolford and Jonathan D. Buckley

. Numerous studies have suggested that there are at least 2 apparent discontinuities or thresholds in the blood lactate response to incremental exercise. 1 – 3 The first of these is associated with the initial intensity at which there is a sustained increase in blood lactate concentration ([BLa − ]) above

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David Giles, Joel B. Chidley, Nicola Taylor, Ollie Torr, Josh Hadley, Tom Randall and Simon Fryer

can be sustained decreases as a hyperbolic function of increasing power, speed, tension, or force (eg, power illustrated in Figure  1 ). 6 Consequently, performance and the point of exhaustion are highly predictable. When work data are plotted against time, it may be observed that power output falls