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Tiago Turnes, Rafael Penteado dos Santos, Rafael Alves de Aguiar, Thiago Loch, Leonardo Trevisol Possamai and Fabrizio Caputo

Oliveira, Bernard’Augusto Ferrazza Dias, Eduardo Gomes de Azevedo Filho, and Rudemar Brizola de Quadros. References 1. Muthalib M , Millet GY , Quaresima V , Nosaka K . Reliability of near-infrared spectroscopy for measuring biceps brachii oxygenation during sustained and repeated isometric

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Eva Piatrikova, Ana C. Sousa, Javier T. Gonzalez and Sean Williams

The critical speed (CS) model describes the capacity of an individual to sustain particular work rates as a function of time, via the demarcation of 2 physiological parameters; CS and the curvature constant ( D ′). 1 – 5 The CS represents the highest speed that can be sustained for an extended

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Robert H. Mann, Craig A. Williams, Bryan C. Clift and Alan R. Barker

calibrated automatic analyzer (YSI 2300; Yellow Springs Instruments, Yellow Springs, OH) in duplicate and averaged for subsequent analysis. LT and LTP were visually obtained by plotting blood lactate against running velocity and were approved by 2 independent reviewers. LT was accepted as the first sustained

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Ulrika Andersson-Hall, Stefan Pettersson, Fredrik Edin, Anders Pedersen, Daniel Malmodin and Klavs Madsen

allowed sustained high fat oxidation during subsequent exercise despite increased insulin concentration and attenuated ketosis during the inter-exercise period. 40 g of maltodextrin intake only partly affected the enhanced exercise induced fat oxidation. Whether intake of protein or carbohydrate in the

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Susan Vrijkotte, Romain Meeusen, Cloe Vandervaeren, Luk Buyse, Jeroen van Cutsem, Nathalie Pattyn and Bart Roelands

psychobiological state characterized by an acute increase of subjective perceptions of effort and fatigue provoked by prolonged and demanding cognitive activity. 6 It involves processes such as vigilance and sustained attention and can be induced by cognitively demanding computer games or prolonged cognitive

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Scott Cocking, Mathew G. Wilson, David Nichols, N. Timothy Cable, Daniel J. Green, Dick H. J. Thijssen and Helen Jones

ischemic conditions, 2 it remains unknown whether previously observed local IPC-induced metabolic adaptations 9 , 30 may have contributed to these findings. Nevertheless, the current data are suggestive that traditional IPC, applied locally, enhances the ability to sustain the same workload for a

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Andrea Nicolò, Marco Montini, Michele Girardi, Francesco Felici, Ilenia Bazzucchi and Massimo Sacchetti

: 25342703 doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00898.2013 10.1152/japplphysiol.00898.2013 31. Liu JZ , Shan ZY , Zhang LD , Sahgal V , Brown RW , Yue GH . Human brain activation during sustained and intermittent submaximal fatigue muscle contractions: an fMRI study . J Neurophysiol . 2003 ; 90 ( 1

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Colleen McConnell, Alyssa McPherson and Kathleen Woolf

-heat environments, put marching artists at risk for injury ( Dick et al., 2013 ; Vepraskas, 2002 ). Considerable research has examined the prevalence of and risk factors for injuries sustained by marching artists ( Beckett et al., 2015 ; Bischof, 1994 ; Harman, 1993 ; Kilanowski, 2008 , Knapik et al., 2007

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Matthew Ellis, Mark Noon, Tony Myers and Neil Clarke

action of adenosine, which increases cell activity. 5 Direct antagonism of adenosine receptors may improve aerobic performance through enhanced excitation–contraction coupling through increased release of Ca 2+ from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. 6 Similarly, it can reduce pain perception and sustain

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Simon A. Rogers, Chris S. Whatman, Simon N. Pearson and Andrew E. Kilding

Successful middle-distance (MD) running in distances from 800 m to 5000 m requires both rapid and economical movements. Athletes must sustain high running velocities at and above maximal aerobic speeds, 1 with sprint performance in the final lap of 1500-m races often determining medalists on the