There is an absence of literature pertaining to the reliability of core muscular endurance tests. The purpose of this study was to assess the test-retest and interrater reliability of four core muscular endurance tests. Participants were physically active, college students. Data were gathered during three trials for each core test. Participants were timed by two test administrators (raters) until the participant could no longer hold the test position. Test-retest reliability values ranged from 0.57–0.85 for all three trials, and from 0.80–0.89 for the latter two trials. Interrater reliability values ranged from 0.99–1.00 for all three trials of all four tests. Although the participants were not athletes, we were able to demonstrate good test-retest and interrater reliability for the core muscular endurance tests assessed.
Scott L. Bruce, Jared R. Rush, Megan M. Torres and Kyle J. Lipscomb
Mehdi Kordi, Campbell Menzies and Andy Galbraith
multiple (3+) trials performed at least 24 hours apart. 5 , 7 Recently, Galbraith et al 8 validated a fixed distance field-based protocol using a competition standard 400-m athletics track, thereby improving the ecological validity of the test. This new protocol has the additional benefit of being
Aitor Iturricastillo, Cristina Granados, Raúl Reina, José Manuel Sarabia, Ander Romarate and Javier Yanci
game requirements. Due to the importance of physical fitness in WB, many studies have analyzed different physical tests to determine, among other aspects, the neuromuscular capacity of WB players. 1 – 3 These studies have used sprint tests, change of direction ability (CODA) tests, and field strength
Justine Chatterton, Trent A. Petrie, Keke L. Schuler and Camilo Ruggero
A Test of an Etiological Model: Disordered Eating in Male Collegiate Athletes Male athletes are at risk for developing eating disorders (ED) as well as disordered eating attitudes and behaviors, such as bulimic symptomatology, due to general sociocultural ideals about body and appearance, and sport
Daisuke Kume, Akira Iguchi and Hiroshi Endoh
oxygenation profiles measured with NIRS provide valuable information for the understanding of physiological response in active muscles during exercise and their relationship with physical performance. The 20-m shuttle run test (20mSRT) is the most common field test for assessing aerobic fitness in many
Farzad Mohammadi, Abbas Bahram, Hasan Khalaji, Dale A. Ulrich and Farhad Ghadiri
Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD) is considered as one of the most frequently used measurement scales for fundamental motor skills competency ( Ulrich, 1985 , 2000 ). In addition, it is regarded as one of the most widely adopted, standardized process-oriented assessments, which provides useful
Jens De Rycke, Veerle De Bosscher, Hiroaki Funahashi and Popi Sotiriadou
can inform national governments and high-level sport organizations to set priorities in the strategic development of elite sport policy. To address the above-mentioned research gap, this study developed and tested a quantitative scale for measuring the perceptions of individuals toward the positive
Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Belén Feriche, Slobodan Jaric, Paulino Padial and Amador García-Ramos
The force platform is recognized as the ‘gold standard’ for testing vertical jumps. 1 – 3 The force platform estimates the velocity and power of the system center of mass from the directly recorded vertical ground reaction force data using the direct dynamic approach. Due to potential
Laurie D. Booher, Karla M. Hench, Teddy W. Worrell and Jill Stikeleather
Traditionally, lower extremity strength assessment has been performed in an open kinetic chain. Several authors, however, recommend closed kinetic chain assessment of lower extremity performance. Reliability of closed kinetic chain tests is not available. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the reliability of the following single-leg hop tests: hop for distance, 6-m hop for time, and 30-m agility hop. Eighteen subjects (4 males and 14 females) participated in this study. An ANOVA repeated measures analysis revealed significant differences between the test trials within and between sessions for all dependent variables. However, when the mean of two test trials was analyzed, the three single-leg hop tests values were stable, that is, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC 2,1) ranged from 0.77 to 0.99. Results demonstrate that these three single-leg hop tests were reliable as used in this study. Future research is needed to determine the sensitivity of these tests in the assessment of lower extremity performance following injury and following rehabilitation procedures.
Francis X. Short and Joseph P. Winnick
This manuscript provides information on the test items and standards used to assess flexibility and range of motion in the Brockport Physical Fitness Test. Validity, attainability, and reliability of the back saver sit and reach, the shoulder stretch, the modified Apley test, the modified Thomas test, and the Target Stretch Test are discussed. Particular attention is paid to the utility of these tests for youngsters with mental retardation and mild limitations in fitness, visual impairments (blindness), cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury, or congenital anomalies or amputations. Suggestions for future research are provided.