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Nicholas Hattrup, Hannah Gray, Mark Krumholtz and Tamara C. Valovich McLeod

RE . The second impact in catastrophic contact-sports head trauma . JAMA . 1984 ; 252 ( 4 ): 538 – 539 . PubMed ID: 6737652 doi:10.1001/jama.1984.03350040068030 6737652 10.1001/jama.1984.03350040068030 3. Giza CC , Hovda DA . The new neurometabolic cascade of concussion . Neurosurgery

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Steven J. Smith and Cameron J. Powden

financial burden. 4 Beyond the collection of short-term challenges faced following an ankle sprain, sufferers are at a high risk for recurrent ankle sprains. 5 Specifically, between 30–70% of those who experience an initial ankle sprain suffer from residual symptoms, repetitive bouts of ankle trauma, and

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Elizabeth F. Teel, Stephen W. Marshall, L. Gregory Appelbaum, Claudio L. Battaglini, Kevin A. Carneiro, Kevin M. Guskiewicz, Johna K. Register-Mihalik and Jason P. Mihalik

.4085/1062-6050-49.1.07 6. Buckley TA , Munkasy BA , Clouse BP . Acute cognitive and physical rest may not improve concussion recovery time . J Head Trauma Rehabil . 2016 ; 31 ( 4 ): 233 – 241 . PubMed ID: 26394292 doi:10.1097/HTR.0000000000000165 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000165 26394292 7. Silverberg ND

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Derek G. Shendell, Tracy A. Listwan, Lauren Gonzalez and Joseph Panchella

concussions. High school years are a period of growth, maturation, and brain development. Since full brain maturation is not achieved until age 25, it is possible that brain trauma sustained during the high school years could possibly have long-lasting, if not irreversible, adverse effects. 2 , 8 , 9 There

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Kendahl Shortway, Marina Oganesova and Andrew Vincent

. Cases classified as false reports may often include a majority of truthful information, but the victim may change details in attempt to align the experience of assault with society’s narrative of sexual assault. A victim may also recant an allegation to avoid further trauma or victimization. Another

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Stephanie Di Lemme, Jon Sanderson, Richard G. Celebrini and Geoffrey C. Dover

): 765 – 779 . PubMed ID: 25969933 doi:10.1148/rg.2015140156 10.1148/rg.2015140156 25969933 6. Elgafy H , Ebraheim NA , Tile M , Stephen D , Kase J . Fractures of the talus: Experience of two level 1 trauma centers . Foot Ankle Int . 2000 ; 21 ( 12 ): 1023 – 1029 . PubMed ID: 11139032

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Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Claire Gudex, Kjeld Andersen, Anders Bo Bojesen and Uffe Jørgensen

Sports injuries comprise various types of musculoskeletal damage caused by sports participation, and severity is determined by the impact of the injury on daily function and exercise habits. 1 Injuries can be caused by acute trauma occurring during physical activity or can occur away from the

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Justine J. Reel and Emily Crouch

preventing and stopping sexual harassment: Effective deterrents or continued endurance? Sex Roles, 56 , 811 – 822 . doi:10.1007/s11199-007-9239-8 10.1007/s11199-007-9239-8 Olafson , E. ( 2011 ). Child sexual abuse: Demography, impact, and interventions . Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 4 ( 1

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Ansley E. Swann, Rachel R. Kleis and Johanna M. Hoch

anxiety are prevalent. 4 , 5 Resilience is defined as the ability to adapt to significant sources of stress or trauma. 6 One study that examined resilience quantitatively in active duty military populations demonstrated that increased resilience positively impacted quality of life and decreased suicide

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Jian Chen, Bruce Oddson and Heather C. Gilbert

timing and severity of each concussion would permit a more careful analysis of the impact of repetitive traumas. However, in a retrospective design, the recall of details about old injuries that occurred over years is challenging. Second, improved biomechanical impact descriptions are needed to