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Christian A. Clermont, Sean T. Osis, Angkoon Phinyomark and Reed Ferber

tracking purposes during the dynamic movement trials. Virtual joint centers were created at the hip, knee, and ankle. Following placement of all the anatomical and technical markers, the participant was asked to stand on the treadmill for a static trial. Standing position was controlled using a graphic

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Marie Lund Ohlsson, Jonas Danvind and L. Joakim Holmberg

contact point was in the contact zone, a set of virtual muscles were included to represent the reaction forces. 26 The glenohumeral joint (shoulder joint) was modeled as a spherical joint (3 rotational degrees of freedom) between the humerus and scapula ( wiki.anyscript.org ). The only ligament included

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Bernard Liew, Kevin Netto and Susan Morris

previous study involving 483 recreational and competitive runners reported a preferred running velocity ranging from 2.2 to 3.3 m·s −1 . 42 The attack angle of the lower limb represents the angle that is subtended from a virtual limb (typically represented as a line from the COM to the COP) to the

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Alexandra Valencia-Peris, Joan Úbeda-Colomer, Jorge Lizandra, Carmen Peiró-Velert and José Devís-Devís

. Warburton DE . The health benefits of active gaming: separating the myths from the virtual reality . Curr Cardiovasc Risk Rep . 2013 ; 7 : 251 – 255 . doi:10.1007/s12170-013-0322-0 10.1007/s12170-013-0322-0 15. Lamboglia CM , da Silva VT , Vasconcelos Filho JE , et al . Exergaming as a

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Abderrahmane Rahmani, Pierre Samozino, Jean-Benoit Morin and Baptiste Morel

-0073 25115146 5. Rahmani A , Rambaud O , Bourdin M , Mariot JP . A virtual model of the bench press exercise . J Biomech . 2009 ; 42 ( 11 ): 1610 – 1615 . PubMed doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009.04.036 19482287 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2009.04.036 6. Rambaud O , Rahmani A , Moyen B , Bourdin M

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Glen M. Blenkinsop, Ying Liang, Nicholas J. Gallimore and Michael J. Hiley

). Golfers were asked to hit straight shots (ie, so the ball landed as close to the center line of the virtual driving range that the launch monitor provided) using their own 6-iron club and the Titleist golf balls provided (DT Solo; Titleist, Fairhaven, MA). All shots were made from an artificial grass mat

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Alison R. Oates, Aaron Awdhan, Catherine Arnold, Joyce Fung and Joel L. Lanovaz

motion capture system (Vicon Motion Systems, Denver, CO). Kinematic data were sampled at 100 Hz and low-pass filtered at 8 Hz. Virtual markers delineating the edges of the feet were used to calculate the ML base of support boundary during stance phase. A 12-segment whole-body model was created with the

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Mhairi K. MacLean and Daniel P. Ferris

acted as a virtual spring. The exoskeleton was able to provide assistance during stance and during swing, both in positive work and in negative work. The device did not output a torque or power metric, so it is not possible to determine how each individual user relied on the exoskeleton for negative or

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Jeff E. Goodwin

haptic feedback in learning a complex rowing-type task . Journal of Motor Behavior, 45 , 455 – 472 . doi:10.1080/00222895.2013.826169 10.1080/00222895.2013.826169 Todorov , E. , Shadmehr , R. , & Bizzi , E. ( 1997 ). Augmented feedback presented in a virtual environment accelerates learning of

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Fariba Hasanbarani and Mark L. Latash

potentially benefit the accuracy of the throwing action is expected to be nonlinear and specific to the location of the basket with respect to the subject. At earlier phases of the throwing movement, to study such covariation, one has to assume a “virtual basket” moving in time, but its location (trajectory