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Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo and Majke Jorgensen

generating maximum velocity and with limiting the loss of this as the sprint progresses. The sprints contested at the summer Olympic Games and International Amateur Athletics Federation sanctioned events include the 100-, 200-, and 400-m sprints, 4 × 100-, 4 × 400-m relay (male, female, and mixed gender

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Kyle R. Lynch, Michael Fredericson, Bruna Turi-Lynch, Ricardo R. Agostinete, Igor H. Ito, Rafael Luiz-de-Marco, Mario A. Rodrigues-Junior and Rômulo A. Fernandes

In 2016, the city of Rio de Janeiro held the Olympic Games, 4 years after London and 8 years after Beijing. In the months leading up to the Olympic Games, there was an intensive discussion in the society about the “legacy” of this event. Regarding legacy, the promotion of sports participation among

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Emma C. Neupert, Stewart T. Cotterill and Simon A. Jobson

. Following the 12-month period of engagement with the TMS, all 9 athletes were invited to complete a short questionnaire, followed by one-to-one interviews with the primary researcher. Method Quantitative information on adherence rates was extracted from the TMS data set. Due to the 2016 Olympic Games, some

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Zoë A. Poucher, Katherine A. Tamminen and Gretchen Kerr

, this study adopted a qualitative approach from a critical realist perspective to explore the experiences of providing and receiving support between female Olympians and their main support providers surrounding the Rio Olympic Games. Social support is a multidimensional construct ( Cobb, 1976 ; Cutrona

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David Simbaña Escobar, Philippe Hellard, David B. Pyne and Ludovic Seifert

. An analysis of male and female Olympic finalists in the 200 m events . Can J Sport Sci . 1992 ; 17 ( 2 ): 104 – 109 . PubMed doi:10.1080/02640410802641400 2. Arellano R , Brown P . Analysis of 50, 100, and 200 m freestyle swimmers at the 1992 Olympic Games . J Appl Biomech . 1994 ; 10 ( 2

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Sherry Robertson and Margo Mountjoy

Details of Artistic Swimming Sport governing body FINA Size of sport governing body (number of national federations) 207 First year at Olympic games 1984 Number of competitive events at World Championships 9 a Number of athletes at Olympic games 72 Gender: F, MX F + MX Events at Olympic games: I/D/T I + D

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Lindy M. Castell, David C. Nieman, Stéphane Bermon and Peter Peeling

incidence and associated downturns in exercise performance, interruptions in training, missed competitive events, and the risk of serious medical complications. Clarsen et al. ( 2014 ) undertook a questionnaire study for athletes preparing for the Olympic Games; of the 36% of athletes with health problems

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Louise M. Burke and Peter Peeling

the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games required 17 races over an 8-day program, while Usain Bolt raced seven times in 7 days, including twice in the same session at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games). In some cases, the interval between competitive bouts is measured in hours and may fall within the half-life of a

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Louise M. Burke, Linda M. Castell, Douglas J. Casa, Graeme L. Close, Ricardo J. S. Costa, Ben Desbrow, Shona L. Halson, Dana M. Lis, Anna K. Melin, Peter Peeling, Philo U. Saunders, Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo, Oliver C. Witard, Stéphane Bermon and Trent Stellingwerff

, such as may be encountered in high-level competition (e.g., 2019 IAAF World Championships in Doha or 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games), strategies for hyperhydration and precooling prior to events may provide an additional advantage. Table  3 summarizes some of the events in Athletics in which within

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Jill L. McNitt-Gray

Olympic Games in Atlanta and the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, successful performance of the double-back somersault performed at the end of a tumbling sequence is the culmination of horizontal momentum effectively generated during the run-up and hurdle phases, the angular momentum generated during the