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Kyle R. Lynch, Michael Fredericson, Bruna Turi-Lynch, Ricardo R. Agostinete, Igor H. Ito, Rafael Luiz-de-Marco, Mario A. Rodrigues-Junior and Rômulo A. Fernandes

In 2016, the city of Rio de Janeiro held the Olympic Games, 4 years after London and 8 years after Beijing. In the months leading up to the Olympic Games, there was an intensive discussion in the society about the “legacy” of this event. Regarding legacy, the promotion of sports participation among

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Zoë A. Poucher, Katherine A. Tamminen and Gretchen Kerr

, this study adopted a qualitative approach from a critical realist perspective to explore the experiences of providing and receiving support between female Olympians and their main support providers surrounding the Rio Olympic Games. Social support is a multidimensional construct ( Cobb, 1976 ; Cutrona

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Sherry Robertson and Margo Mountjoy

Details of Artistic Swimming Sport governing body FINA Size of sport governing body (number of national federations) 207 First year at Olympic games 1984 Number of competitive events at World Championships 9 a Number of athletes at Olympic games 72 Gender: F, MX F + MX Events at Olympic games: I/D/T I + D

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Lindy M. Castell, David C. Nieman, Stéphane Bermon and Peter Peeling

incidence and associated downturns in exercise performance, interruptions in training, missed competitive events, and the risk of serious medical complications. Clarsen et al. ( 2014 ) undertook a questionnaire study for athletes preparing for the Olympic Games; of the 36% of athletes with health problems

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David Simbaña Escobar, Philippe Hellard, David B. Pyne and Ludovic Seifert

. An analysis of male and female Olympic finalists in the 200 m events . Can J Sport Sci . 1992 ; 17 ( 2 ): 104 – 109 . PubMed doi:10.1080/02640410802641400 2. Arellano R , Brown P . Analysis of 50, 100, and 200 m freestyle swimmers at the 1992 Olympic Games . J Appl Biomech . 1994 ; 10 ( 2

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Louise M. Burke and Peter Peeling

the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games required 17 races over an 8-day program, while Usain Bolt raced seven times in 7 days, including twice in the same session at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games). In some cases, the interval between competitive bouts is measured in hours and may fall within the half-life of a

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Louise M. Burke, Linda M. Castell, Douglas J. Casa, Graeme L. Close, Ricardo J. S. Costa, Ben Desbrow, Shona L. Halson, Dana M. Lis, Anna K. Melin, Peter Peeling, Philo U. Saunders, Gary J. Slater, Jennifer Sygo, Oliver C. Witard, Stéphane Bermon and Trent Stellingwerff

, such as may be encountered in high-level competition (e.g., 2019 IAAF World Championships in Doha or 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games), strategies for hyperhydration and precooling prior to events may provide an additional advantage. Table  3 summarizes some of the events in Athletics in which within

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Luis Rodriguez and Santiago Veiga

Open water swimming events have become much more popular since the 10-km races were included in the 2008 Summer Olympic Games in Beijing. As a result, the number of open water competitions and international swimmers competing in those events has notably increased. 1 For example, the number of

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Rachael L. Thurecht and Fiona E. Pelly

key focus on sustainability for the food provision at the London 2012 Olympic Games ( Pelly et al., 2014 ). Furthermore, a recent paper on the integration of sustainable eating practices into sport nutrition identified athletes as key leaders for driving change in this area ( Meyer & Reguant

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Jennifer Sygo, Alexandra M. Coates, Erik Sesbreno, Margo L. Mountjoy and Jamie F. Burr

“carding” for the 2016 and/or 2017 season (athletes who have finished in the top 16 at IAAF World Championships or Olympic Games, or part of the national relay program), or if they were identified by the National Sport Organization as part of the “NextGen” (Next Generation) program for athletes with the