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Tina Smith, Sue Reeves, Lewis G. Halsey, Jörg Huber and Jin Luo

decrease in physical activity has been shown to have an inverse relationship with body mass. 3 , 4 Furthermore, obese people who undertake more physical activity have been shown to be metabolically healthier than their less active counterparts. 5 , 6 It is still unclear as to the effects of being

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E. Kipling Webster, Leah E. Robinson and Danielle D. Wadsworth

Physical activity in early childhood is a critical aspect of healthy development. 1 Evidence has shown that physical activity levels and sedentary behaviors track throughout childhood 2 ; therefore, integrating appropriate physical activity habits at an early age may promote and sustain future

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Tiago V. Barreira, Stephanie T. Broyles, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol A. Maher, José A. Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S. Tremblay, Peter T. Katzmarzyk and for the ISCOLE Research Group

consequences with respect to lifestyle behaviors, such as decreases in physical activity 4 and increases in the consumption of “Western”-style diets. 5 For example, using cross-sectional data, it was previously reported that among children, obesity prevalence, body fat percentage, and body mass index z

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Shannon S.C. Herrick and Lindsay R. Duncan

; Fredriksen-Goldsen, Kim, & Barkan, 2011 ; Institute of Medicine Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health, 2011 ). Many of the chronic diseases being diagnosed differentially across LGBTQ+ communities can be prevented or mitigated through regular engagement with physical activity. However

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Matthew R. Nagy, Molly P. O’Sullivan, Shannon S. Block, Trevor R. Tooley, Leah E. Robinson, Natalie Colabianchi and Rebecca E. Hasson

Despite the known benefits of physical activity, less than 50% of children in the United States meet the national physical activity recommendations of 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity per day. 1 Overweight/obese (OW/OB) children fare even worse with only 20%–40% meeting the

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Florian Herbolsheimer, Stephanie Mosler, Richard Peter and the ActiFE Ulm Study Group

determinants of mortality showed that the effects of social isolation were comparable with those of smoking and even exceed other well-known risk factors for mortality ( Holt-Lunstad, Smith, & Layton, 2010 ). Physical activity might be one factor that mediates the relationship between social isolation and

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Lia Grego Muniz de Araújo, Bruna Camilo Turi, Bruna Locci, Camila Angélica Asahi Mesquita, Natália Bonicontro Fonsati and Henrique Luiz Monteiro

arrival of new technological options replaced traditional activities involving physical effort, supporting the sedentary lifestyle. 3 , 4 The time spent in sedentary activities, such as television (TV), video games, computers, and cell phones, is considered a public health problem because of its

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Zakkoyya H. Lewis, Kyriakos S. Markides, Kenneth J. Ottenbacher and Soham Al Snih

A minimum of 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity a week and muscle-strengthening exercises twice a week is the current public health guideline to maintain and improve health. 1 , 2 Strong evidence exists that shows a dose–response relationship between the volume of physical activity (PA) and

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Juliessa M. Pavon, Richard J. Sloane, Carl F. Pieper, Cathleen S. Colón-Emeric, David Gallagher, Harvey J. Cohen, Katherine S. Hall, Miriam C. Morey, Midori McCarty, Thomas L. Ortel and Susan N. Hastings

-Yaish, Tonkikh, & Sinoff, 2015 ). Some physician activity orders, such as “up ad lib” and “up with assist,” are meant to encourage out of bed activity, but it is unclear whether these translate to actual time out of bed. Brown et al. ( 2009 ), using body worn accelerometers to continuously monitor patient

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Chris Hopkins

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent disease among older adults ( Lawrence et al., 2008 ) and one of the leading causes of functional loss and disability ( Cross et al., 2014 ). Physical activity has been deemed crucial to optimal health outcomes, which has led to federal recommendations for