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Shona L. Halson and Michele Lastella

We all know that eliminating nondesirable behaviors can be difficult, even when there is a clear understanding that poor habits are detrimental. Athletes often know the benefits of diet, exercise, and drinking less alcohol, yet short-term bursts of enthusiasm are more common than long-term change

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Hyo Jung Yoon, Sang Ah Lee, Young Jun Ju, Jin Young Nam and Eun-Cheol Park

, parental smoking experience is significantly associated with their offspring’s lifetime smoking participation. 9 Parental alcohol use, not only heavy and problem drinking but also moderate or light use, is an input with negative marginal product in adolescent behavioral health, regardless of which parent

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Stephen S. Cheung

alcohol beforehand, and get out of your wet clothes afterward. Yes, heat will slow you down during everyday living and exercise and can be dangerous if you are not adapted or are older. Make sure you drink water and minimize unnecessary exposure. Unfortunately, it feels like the world of sports is also

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Jennifer Ostrowski, Angelina Purchio, Maria Beck, JoLynn Leisinger, Mackenzie Tucker and Sarah Hurst

recorded on the data collection sheet as the desired insertion depth. A mark was made on the medial calf at a depth of 2 cm + adipose tissue, and the area of insertion was sanitized using 10% povidone-iodine followed by 70% isopropyl alcohol swab. The investigator inserted the thermocouple and the depth

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Vera K. Tsenkova, Chioun Lee and Jennifer Morozink Boylan

index, alcohol intake (ranging from 0 = every day to 5 = never), currently smoking (yes or no), and depressive symptoms (0–49). 46 Statistical Analyses First, descriptive statistics were generated. Means, standard deviations, and ranges for all continuous variables and proportions for categorical

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Daniel P. Joaquim, Claudia R. Juzwiak and Ciro Winckler

Brazilian population and consists of 12 components (nine food groups, two nutrients, and one component that represents the energy value provided by solid fat, alcohol, and sugar; Table  2 ). The maximum score for each component was assigned when intake was equal or greater than the values (daily serving or

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Bailey Peck, Timothy Renzi, Hannah Peach, Jane Gaultney and Joseph S. Marino

-based polysomnography to the protocol would further strengthen the findings of risk for SDB and is being considered for future work. This study did not control for alcohol use as a possible covariate. Experimental research has shown that alcohol exacerbates the severity of sleep apnea, and a recent literature review 32

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Ronald J. Maughan, Phillip Watson, Philip A.A. Cordery, Neil P. Walsh, Samuel J. Oliver, Alberto Dolci, Nidia Rodriguez-Sanchez and Stuart D.R. Galloway

transport ( Gisolfi et al., 1992 ; Schedl, Maughan, & Gisolfi, 1994 ; Shi et al., 1995 ). Furthermore, the electrolyte content of drinks also affects the retention of fluid within the extracellular or intracellular fluid compartments ( Leiper, 2015 ). Diuretic agents, such as caffeine and alcohol, have

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Rajni Rai, Michelle I. Jongenelis, Ben Jackson, Robert U. Newton and Simone Pettigrew

weekly alcohol consumption. Height, weight, and waist girth were measured by trained research associates during the on-campus interview. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using height and weight data. Psychosocial variables The 24-item Social Provision Scale ( Cutrona & Russell, 1987 ) was used to

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Phillip Chipman and Kevin B. Wamsley

his magazine emphasized hygiene and nutrition for a properly functioning body and argued for the limited consumption of tobacco and alcohol. Santé et Développement Physique articles argued for a reduced consumption of cigarettes, one or two cigarettes per day but a complete smoking cessation was