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Aiko Sakurai, Kengo Harato, Yutaro Morishige, Shu Kobayashi, Yasuo Niki and Takeo Nagura

Generally, 70% of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury at the knee joint occur during noncontact episode, such as deceleration, lateral pivoting, or landing tasks. 1 – 3 According to previous studies, knee abduction angle and moment during landing tasks are reported as essential biomechanical

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Bradley S. Beardt, Myranda R. McCollum, Taylour J. Hinshaw, Jacob S. Layer, Margaret A. Wilson, Qin Zhu and Boyi Dai

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries place a financial burden on society and result in decreased physical function, increased risk of ACL reinjury, and higher prevalence and earlier onset of knee osteoarthritis. 1 , 2 Although ACL injury prevention programs have been shown to decrease ACL

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Cherice N. Hughes-Oliver, Kathryn A. Harrison, D.S. Blaise Williams III and Robin M. Queen

points in a waveform. Using the limb symmetry index, limb asymmetry in female runners is reported to influence which limb would be more likely to be injured. 1 A similar limb symmetry index has been used in hop testing following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) to assess readiness to

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Janet E. Simon, Dustin R. Grooms and Carrie L. Docherty

cruciate ligament, posterior cruciate ligament, lateral collateral ligament, and medial collateral ligament) 0 8 6 61.8%; 22.22 to 82.56; P  < .01 Ligament and cartilaginous (anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, and meniscus) 0 0 18 54.5%; 18.68 to 71.85; P  < .01 Abbreviations: CI

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Karinna Sonálya Aires da Costa, Daniel Tezoni Borges, Liane de Brito Macedo, Caio Alano de Almeida Lins and Jamilson Simões Brasileiro

Individuals subjected to anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction are exposed to a number of neuromuscular modifications. These modifications cause deficits in joint stabilization and postural changes. A reduction in the recruitment of motor units and in the cross-sectional area of the

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Anh-Dung Nguyen, Jeffrey B. Taylor, Taylor G. Wimbish, Jennifer L. Keith and Kevin R. Ford

Sex differences in lower extremity landing biomechanics that are thought to increase strain on the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) have been suggested to contribute to the disproportionate incidence of ACL injury in females compared with their male counterparts. 1 In particular, females have been

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Pier Paolo Mariani, Luca Laudani, Jacopo E. Rocchi, Arrigo Giombini and Andrea Macaluso

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is one of the most common traumatic injuries among physically active individuals. Surgical reconstruction remains the standard approach for athletes who aim to return to high-level sporting activities and aims to re-establish the ligamentous stability of the

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Pier Paolo Mariani, Luca Laudani, Jacopo E. Rocchi, Arrigo Giombini and Andrea Macaluso

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is one of the most common traumatic injuries among physically active individuals. Surgical reconstruction remains the standard approach for athletes who aim to return to high-level sporting activities and aims to re-establish the ligamentous stability of the

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Hadi Akbari, Mansour Sahebozamani, Ablolhamid Daneshjoo, Mohammadtaghi Amiri-Khorasani and Yohei Shimokochi

Soccer is a very popular sport worldwide for which the incidence of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is among the highest of all sports. 1 ACL injuries cause a financial burden and adversely affect long-term health but can also cause competitive losses. 2 The consequences of injury are

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Dawn T. Gulick

The prevalence of knee disorders is estimated at more than 50% in a lifetime. 1 , 2 There are approximately 250,000 to 300,000 anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries per year in the United States. 2 , 3 There are over 175,000 reconstructions annually. 2 , 3 Athletes involved in high