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Cassandra Sparks, Chris Lonsdale, James Dimmock and Ben Jackson

Self-determination theory is a theory of motivation concerned with supporting the inherent tendencies of humans toward psychological growth and fulfillment. According to SDT, one’s motivation in a given context may vary according to a self-determination continuum , with autonomous motives at one end

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Eishin Teraoka, Heidi Jancer Ferreira, David Kirk and Farid Bardid

, and Haerens ( 2014 ) showed that autonomous motivation supports psychological well-being. Furthermore, Moksnes and Reidunsdatter ( 2019 ) found that higher self-esteem predicted higher levels of mental well-being and lower levels of depression and anxiety in adolescents. There is a growing awareness

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Terese Wilhelmsen, Marit Sørensen and Ørnulf N. Seippel

subsequent autonomous motivation ( Edmunds, Ntoumanis, & Duda, 2007 ; Mageau & Vallerand, 2003 ). To promote an autonomy-supportive climate, the PE teacher should be engaged, respectful of children’s perspectives, provide information-rich feedback on children’s competence, and promote choice and initiative

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Alvaro Sicilia, Manuel Alcaraz-Ibáñez, Delia C. Dumitru, Adrian Paterna and Mark D. Griffiths

underlie the motivational regulation of exercise behavior. (e.g.,  Gilchrist, Sabiston, Conroy, & Atkinson, 2018 ; Mack, Kouali, Gilchrist, & Sabiston, 2015 ; Sabiston et al., 2010 ). Similarly, research has shown that individuals who exercise for reasons that are more self-determined or autonomous (i

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Nicholas S. Washburn, K. Andrew R. Richards and Oleg A. Sinelnikov

perceive satisfaction of their own basic psychological needs ( Taylor, Ntoumanis, & Standage, 2008 ). Teachers perceiving greater PNS tend to possess more autonomous motivation for teaching and utilize more need-supportive motivating styles. By contrast, teachers whose basic psychological needs are not

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Johannes Raabe, Katrin Schmidt, Johannes Carl and Oliver Höner

consequences of motivation and, thus, understand “what energizes and gives direction to behavior” ( Ryan & Deci, 2017 , p. 13). More specifically, the framework offers an understanding of the complex and dynamic nuances of behavioral regulation (e.g., the different types of autonomous and controlled motivation

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reasons why approach goals are adopted. This study, then, was one of the first to investigate the moderating role of autonomous and controlled motivation in relationships between approach goals and outcomes in sport. Five hundred and fifteen sport participants ( M age  = 19.02, SD  = 2.27) completed

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Robert Weinberg

.g., instructional and motivational) was autonomous instead of being manipulated by the experimenter. As the author notes, this autonomous self-talk revealed that athletes appear to have their own set of psychological interventions already embedded in their minds consisting of such strategies as cognitive reappraisal

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Douglas Booth

contested practices and beliefs. Gruneau leaps forward to the nineteenth century in Chapter 2. Here he argues that a set of fragmentary ideas about athletics in ancient Greece, and barbaric spectacles in ancient Rome, were resynthesized to produce a view of sport as an autonomous cultural practice with its

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Terilyn C. Shigeno, E. Earlynn Lauer, Leslee A. Fisher, Emily J. Johnson and Rebecca A. Zakrajsek

described in two phases: the heteronomous and autonomous stages ( Piaget, 1965/1932 ). During the heteronomous stage, children view the law as unidirectional. In other words, children follow the law and believe it is the only “right” way. As they age and develop, children enter the autonomous stage in which