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Patricia Vertinsky

by which we speak to each other and which no barrier… can diminish in communicative power” ( Shawn, 1963 , p. 90). “He was always brimming with ideas,” said Lloyd, “enthusiastically adopting Delsarte’s ‘oppositions,’ ‘parallelisms’ and ‘successions’” ( Lloyd, 1949 , pp 28–9). Singleton ( 2010 ) has

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Chad Seifried, Brian Soebbing and Kwame J.A. Agyemang

wider audience as the number of conference barriers decreased, Frito-Lay (Tostitos) secured the title rights to the Fiesta Bowl in 1996 similar to why Nokia obtained naming rights for the Sugar Bowl. 89 Combined with the ABC television contract, which controlled all three bowl games, the Tostitos

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Mallory Mann and Vikki Krane

). Accordingly, research has found that lesbian athletes have faced challenges and barriers based on their assumed and/or acknowledged sexual orientation (e.g.,  Griffin, 1998 ; Kauer & Krane, 2006 ; Krane, 1997 ; Melton & Cunningham, 2012 ). All female athletes contend with the stereotype that masculine

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Lin Yu, Hanhan Xue and Joshua I. Newman

Shanghai. The Shanghai government agencies are very creative and highly service-oriented. For example, international sporting events might face many barriers in other cities when they come to China; whereas in Shanghai those sporting events would easily get accepted and recognized and then gain support

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Matt C. Crockett and Ted Butryn

high price of membership presented a financial barrier to all but those who have disposable incomes or are willing to sacrifice other luxuries. However, this socioeconomic obstacle did not limit the ethnic and racial diversity of the space, which reflected the multiethnic workforce unique to Silicon

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Brian Wilson and Nicolien VanLuijk

“sport journalism for peace” (SJP) possible?’ Wilson ( 2012 ) offered a tentative “yes”—acknowledging on one hand the agency of (sport) journalists (following Hackett, 2006 ), while on the other hand recognizing barriers to doing peace-oriented journalism that exist in the culture and politics of sport

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Gregory A. Cranmer and Sara LaBelle

forwarded as potential barriers to athletes’ reporting of concussion symptoms, including their knowledge and attitudes about concussions, the availability of medical staff, and athletes’ desire to both continue to play and not let their teammates and coaches down ( Chrisman, Quitiquit, & Rivara, 2013

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Matthew Katz, Nefertiti A. Walker and Lauren C. Hindman

their opinions sought. Thus, a designated seat does not guarantee female leaders the same experiences, treatment, or access as their male counterparts. Among the barriers for women seeking leadership positions noted by previous scholars, social processes represent the most salient factor inhibiting the

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Jeffrey J. Martin

, opportunities for special-population youths are limited ( Field & Oates, 2001 ; Martin, 2017 ; Willis et al., 2018 ). Moreover, when opportunities exist there are typically more barriers to participation, such as the child’s disability, inaccessible sport facilities (e.g., no ramps), parental fear and worry

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Meridith Griffin, Brett Smith, P. David Howe and Cassandra Phoenix

In this paper we present a scoping review of literature on aging, visual impairment, and physical activity. Our objectives are to: (a) explore the available literature on aging, physical activity, and sight loss; (b) describe how participation in physical activity by older adults with visual impairment is understood by researchers; and, (c) identify benefits, barriers, and facilitators of physical activity participation as reported by older adults with age-related sight loss. Over 2,000 sources were reviewed, with 30 studies meeting eligibility criteria. Findings were organized into four thematic categories, namely: (a) participation rates; (b) health inequalities; (c) barriers to physical activity participation; and, (d) benefits of physical activity participation. Through this scoping review process, extant knowledge was synthesized and gaps in the literature were critically assessed. To address these gaps, several avenues for future research are outlined and described, alongside a consideration of the implications of the scoping review findings for both policy and practice.