hours? I am still excited”: Female sport management students’ perceptions of barriers toward a future career in sport . Advancing Women in Leadership, 35 , 12 – 21 . Glick , P. , & Fiske , S.T. ( 1996 ). The ambivalent sexism inventory: Differentiating hostile and benevolent sexism . Journal
Elizabeth A. Taylor, Allison B. Smith, Natalie M. Welch and Robin Hardin
Mallory Mann and Vikki Krane
). Accordingly, research has found that lesbian athletes have faced challenges and barriers based on their assumed and/or acknowledged sexual orientation (e.g., Griffin, 1998 ; Kauer & Krane, 2006 ; Krane, 1997 ; Melton & Cunningham, 2012 ). All female athletes contend with the stereotype that masculine
Brian Wilson and Nicolien VanLuijk
“sport journalism for peace” (SJP) possible?’ Wilson ( 2012 ) offered a tentative “yes”—acknowledging on one hand the agency of (sport) journalists (following Hackett, 2006 ), while on the other hand recognizing barriers to doing peace-oriented journalism that exist in the culture and politics of sport
Gregory A. Cranmer and Sara LaBelle
forwarded as potential barriers to athletes’ reporting of concussion symptoms, including their knowledge and attitudes about concussions, the availability of medical staff, and athletes’ desire to both continue to play and not let their teammates and coaches down ( Chrisman, Quitiquit, & Rivara, 2013
Matthew Katz, Nefertiti A. Walker and Lauren C. Hindman
their opinions sought. Thus, a designated seat does not guarantee female leaders the same experiences, treatment, or access as their male counterparts. Among the barriers for women seeking leadership positions noted by previous scholars, social processes represent the most salient factor inhibiting the
Jeffrey J. Martin
, opportunities for special-population youths are limited ( Field & Oates, 2001 ; Martin, 2017 ; Willis et al., 2018 ). Moreover, when opportunities exist there are typically more barriers to participation, such as the child’s disability, inaccessible sport facilities (e.g., no ramps), parental fear and worry
Fernando Lera-López and Manuel Rapún-Gárate
The purpose of this article is to analyze the sociodemographic and economic determinants underlying sport participation and consumer expenditure on sport. The methodological approach is based on ordered probit models. Empirical results from data obtained by means of a questionnaire survey in Spain indicate the need for different sport management strategies in each of these areas. On the one hand, the results confirm the positive influence of variables such as gender and age, and the negative influence of some professional status categories. Neither low levels of education nor personal income are barriers to the practice of sport. Hence, time availability is a major barrier to expand the base of participants or increase the intensity of participation. On the other hand, consumer expenditure on sport is determined by gender, education, income levels, and some occupational groups.
Meridith Griffin, Brett Smith, P. David Howe and Cassandra Phoenix
In this paper we present a scoping review of literature on aging, visual impairment, and physical activity. Our objectives are to: (a) explore the available literature on aging, physical activity, and sight loss; (b) describe how participation in physical activity by older adults with visual impairment is understood by researchers; and, (c) identify benefits, barriers, and facilitators of physical activity participation as reported by older adults with age-related sight loss. Over 2,000 sources were reviewed, with 30 studies meeting eligibility criteria. Findings were organized into four thematic categories, namely: (a) participation rates; (b) health inequalities; (c) barriers to physical activity participation; and, (d) benefits of physical activity participation. Through this scoping review process, extant knowledge was synthesized and gaps in the literature were critically assessed. To address these gaps, several avenues for future research are outlined and described, alongside a consideration of the implications of the scoping review findings for both policy and practice.
Margie A. Weaver and Packianathan Chelladurai
Associate/Assistant athletic administrators from Division I (139 males, 123 females) and Division III (130 males, 123 females) universities of the NCAA responded to a questionnaire consisting of (a) items eliciting background information, (b) perceived and preferred mentoring functions measured by the Mentor Role Instrument (Ragins & McFarlin, 1990), (c) perceived barriers to mentoring measured by Perceived Barriers Scale (Ragins & Cotton, 1991), and a scale of satisfaction developed for the study. Factor analysis yielded three facets of satisfaction: Work Group, Extrinsic Rewards, and Intrinsic Rewards. The results of MÁNOVA showed that an equal proportion of males and females had experienced mentoring relationships, and mentored individuals were more satisfied with work than their non-mentored counterparts. Respondents from Division I received significantly higher salaries, and they were more satisfied with their extrinsic rewards than the respondents from Division III. Finally, correlational analyses showed positive but weak relationships between mentoring functions and the satisfaction facets.
The proliferation of online courses and programs has impacted kinesiology programs across the country. The process of providing online instruction, while popular with students, is often daunting to the kinesiology programs that must navigate this process. Recommendations for transitioning courses and programs from face-to-face to online are offered from both the faculty and administrative perspective. Maintaining academic rigor in online kinesiology courses and program is also essential to the dialogue and for ensuring success. Many kinesiology courses and programs are well suited for online delivery and demand for these programs is high. Kinesiology faculty and administrators should understand both the facilitators and barriers to online implementation.