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Helen M. Binkley and Lauren E. Rudd

: AE, aquatic exercise group; AEr, aquatic exercise with resistance group; BMD, bone mass density; BMI, body mass index; C, control group; c-BUA T-score, calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation—bone mineral content; C serum, cortisol levels; CT, calcitonin; GH, growth hormone; HDL, high

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Megan S. Farris, Kerry S. Courneya, Rachel O’Reilly and Christine M. Friedenreich

with the following inclusion criteria: 50–74 years of age, inactive (≤90 min/wk moderate to vigorous physical activity), no previous cancer diagnosis or major comorbidity, body mass index (BMI) between 22 and 40 kg/m 2 , nonsmokers, nonexcessive alcohol drinkers, nonhormone therapy users, and physician

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Catrine Tudor-Locke, John M. Schuna Jr, Damon L. Swift, Amber T. Dragg, Allison B. Davis, Corby K. Martin, William D. Johnson and Timothy S. Church

). Participants provided written informed consent. The overview of the methods is outlined in the following sections. Participants The goal of this study was to recruit 120 nonexercising (assessed initially via self-report of regular exercise habits over the past 6 mo; yes/no), overweight/obese (body mass index

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Diego Munguia-Izquierdo, Carmen Mayolas-Pi, Carlos Peñarrubia-Lozano, Federico Paris-Garcia, Javier Bueno-Antequera, Miguel Angel Oviedo-Caro and Alejandro Legaz-Arrese

. These factors are associated with the main causes of morbidity and mortality. 24 Additionally, we measured body mass index (BMI) and physical fitness. BMI was calculated based on self-reported values of weight and height. The level of physical activity was established by the short version of the

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Anass Arrogi, Astrid Schotte, An Bogaerts, Filip Boen and Jan Seghers

counseling. Outcomes Participants were evaluated on 3 time points: baseline, postintervention (at 3 mo), and at follow-up (at 9 mo). Health-Related Fitness Two components of health-related fitness were assessed including BC and cardiorespiratory fitness. 20 , 21 BC covered body mass index (BMI), body fat

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David A. White, Youngha Oh and Erik A. Willis

. Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors For the purpose of this study, METsRF were grouped into categories of weight status/body anthropometrics (body mass index [BMI]), WC, waist to height ratio, serum lab values (total, LDL [low-density lipoprotein] and HDL [high-density lipoprotein] cholesterol, triglycerides

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Sarah Edney, Tim Olds, Jillian Ryan, Ronald Plotnikoff, Corneel Vandelanotte, Rachel Curtis and Carol Maher

further education, and university degree]); weight and height (from which body mass index [BMI] was calculated); the presence of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress measured using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) 52 ; and self-reported weekly MVPA assessed by the Active

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Jonathan Miller, Mark Pereira, Julian Wolfson, Melissa Laska, Toben Nelson and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

high body mass index (BMI) predict subsequent lack of MVPA differently in African American young adults than in white young adults? Specifically, 6 variables that have previously been associated with physical activity were assessed for differences by sex and ethnicity/race: BMI has been negatively

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James Annesi

Physical activity is the strongest behavioral predictor of long-term success with weight loss in adults. 1 , 2 Although less studied, this relationship also holds in the treatment of class 3 (ie, severe; body mass index [BMI] ≥ 40 kg/m 2 ) obesity. 3 The strength of that association in the 1% to

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Faye Prior, Margaret Coffey, Anna Robins and Penny Cook

, systematic reviews have found no consistent evidence of an increase in PA following participation in an ERS, or an improvement in outcomes such as body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), or psychological well-being. 6 , 9 However, reviews have been based on a small number of randomized controlled trials