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Kayla M. Baker, Sean Healy, David J. Rice and Jeanette M. Garcia

with participation in negative health behaviors and greater body weight, specifically in female and OW adolescents. 21 The purposes of this study were to examine the associations and differences between gender (male vs female) and weight classification (NW vs OW) for PA levels and individual, social

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Brett D. Tarca, Thomas P. Wycherley, Paul Bennett, Anthony Meade and Katia E. Ferrar

) were included. Modifiable physical factors (predictor variables) were defined as being potentially modifiable via an exercise program and would largely fall into the body function and structure impairment category of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. 12 As there

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Juliana S. Oliveira, Leanne Hassett, Catherine Sherrington, Elisabeth Ramsay, Catherine Kirkham, Shona Manning and Anne Tiedemann

into components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF): body functions, structures, activities, and participation. The ICF ( World Health Organization, 2001 ) is a biopsychosocial framework that incorporates interaction between the health condition, body

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Scott M. Lephart and Timothy J. Henry

The confusion between the terms open kinetic chain and closed kinetic chain becomes even greater with application to the upper extremity. Upper extremity function is very difficult to define, due to the numerous shoulder positions and the great velocities with which the shoulder can move. Classifying exercises for rehabilitation of the upper extremity is very difficult due to the complexity of the joint. Many definitions and classification systems have been proposed; however, none of these entirely encompass rehabilitation of the upper extremity. Using previous classifications we have developed a Functional Classification System that is designed to serve as a template for upper extremity rehabilitation. This system has been designed to restore functional shoulder stability, which is dependent upon proper scapulothoracic and glenohumeral stability, and humeral control; all of these are in part mediated by neuromuscular mechanisms. The objective of our new Functional Classification System is to restore functional stability of the shoulder by reestablishing neuromuscular control for overhead activities.

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Natalie Kružliaková, Paul A. Estabrooks, Wen You, Valisa Hedrick, Kathleen Porter, Michaela Kiernan and Jamie Zoellner

) and 15.9% had incongruent classification at baseline. When examining participants by health literacy status, high agreement 56 is observed in both low health literate (80.4% classified consistently) and high health literate (85.9% classified consistently) groups. Similar percentage agreement is

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Sergio J. Ibáñez, Javier García-Rubio, Antonio Antúnez and Sebastián Feu

methodology is provided in Figure  1 . Variables Seventeen variables were grouped into contextual information, object of study, classification criteria, research design, and research procedure. The following information was coded for each Doctoral Thesis: (a) Author’s name, (b) Author’s sex, (c) Year of

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Hani Kopetschny, David Rowlands, David Popovich and Jasmine Thomson

. In addition, the lack of dietary intake data precluded a quantitative comparison to dietary guidelines and classification of intakes as high/low carbohydrate. A follow-up study utilizing in-depth interviews to further investigate the reasons behind athletes’ intended nutrition strategy by training

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Ashleigh J. Sowle, Sarah L. Francis, Jennifer A. Margrett, Mack C. Shelley and Warren D. Franke

health at baseline      Poor/average 113 42.7  Good 149 56.2  Not reported 3 1.1 Readiness-to-change classification at baseline      “Not physically active” 94 35.5  “Physically active” 170 64.2  Not reported 1 9.6 PA Readiness-to-Change There was a significant increase in the number of participants who

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Lütfiye Akkurt, İpek Alemdaroğlu Gürbüz, Ayşe Karaduman and Öznur Tunca Yilmaz

functional levels were at 1 or 2 according to the Brooke Lower Extremity Functional Classification Scale, were included in the study. The inclusion criteria for the patients were as follows: (1) They must have been diagnosed with DMD. (2) They must be in the ambulatory period and be able to climb 4 steps

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Kim C. Graber, K. Andrew R. Richards, Chad M. Killian and Amelia Mays Woods

PETE faculty members developed by Graber, Erwin, Woods, Rhoades, and Zhu ( 2011 ) to reflect the most recent version of the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education ( Indiana University Center for Postsecondary Research, 2015 ). After securing institutional review board approval