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Markus Gerber, Simon Best, Fabienne Meerstetter, Sandrine Isoard-Gautheur, Henrik Gustafsson, Renzo Bianchi, Daniel J. Madigan, Flora Colledge, Sebastian Ludyga, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler and Serge Brand

more dysfunctional sleep-related cognitions than athletes below this cutoff. Second, we hypothesized that athletes above the clinical burnout threshold would have less favorable objective sleep patterns than their peers scoring below the cutoff ( Ekstedt et al., 2006 ), although some studies in this

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Chun-Chih Wang, Brandon Alderman, Chih-Han Wu, Lin Chi, Su-Ru Chen, I-Hua Chu and Yu-Kai Chang

acute exercise and cognition have been variable, ranging from small negative effects (effect size = −0.16; Lambourne & Tomporowski, 2010 ) to moderate positive effects (effect size = 0.42; Chang et al., 2012 ). One reason for these mixed findings may be due to the timing of cognitive task

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Iréné Lopez-Fontana, Carole Castanier, Christine Le Scanff and Alexandra Perrot

cognition, and that particular conditions and populations may influence this relationship (e.g.,  Angevaren, Aufdemkampe, Verhaar, Aleman, & Vanhees, 2008 ; Baker et al., 2010 ; Blumenthal et al., 1991 ; Emery & Gatz, 1990 ; Hill, Storandt, & Malley, 1993 ; Jäger, Schmidt, Conzelmann, & Roebers, 2015

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Serge Brand, Markus Gerber, Flora Colledge, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Uwe Pühse and Sebastian Ludyga

condition ( Bernstein & McNally, 2017b ). According to meta-analytical findings, exercise at a very light intensity, such as stretching, elicits no benefits for cognition if performance is assessed after a delay following the exercise session ( Chang et al., 2012 ). Therefore, participants in CON engaged in

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Barbara Resnick, Elizabeth Galik, Marie Boltz, Erin Vigne, Sarah Holmes, Steven Fix and Shijun Zhu

living in these settings. First, we hypothesized that when controlling for age, gender, cognition, setting, and function, those who engaged in moderate or vigorous activity would not be at greater risk of falling than those who did not. Second, we hypothesized that those who engaged in the recommended

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Jing Liao, Yung-Jen Yang and Dong (Roman) Xu

Through lively music and coordinated dance movements, square dancing also engages various cognitions, such as executive function, memory, and motor skills. 7 In addition, square dancing creates a socially enriched environment for participants to interact with peers. 5 Square dancing is physically and

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Maria-Christina Kosteli, Jennifer Cumming and Sarah E. Williams

increase, and these in turn can strengthen the beliefs about the positive outcomes from engaging in PA ( Hall, 1995 ). Overall, these results suggest that self-regulatory imagery is a potentially powerful tool for influencing exercise-related cognitions. Higher levels of self-regulatory imagery were also

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Kayla Regan, Felicia White, David Harvey and Laura E. Middleton

quality of life and mental well-being than people with healthy cognition ( Enache, Winblad, & Aarsland, 2011 ; Thyrian et al., 2016 ; Winter, Korchounov, Zhukova, & Bertschi, 2011 ). Their care partners also have poor health outcomes, including a high risk for depression, anxiety, and cardiovascular

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Daniel J. Madigan, Thomas Curran, Joachim Stoeber, Andrew P. Hill, Martin M. Smith and Louis Passfield

athlete engagement (e.g.,  Gaudreau & Verner-Filion, 2012 ; Jowett, Hill, Hall, & Curran, 2016 ; Madigan, Hill, Anstiss, Mallinson-Howard, & Kumar, 2018 ). On the other hand, under conditions of failure, perfectionistic strivings predict decrements in performance and negative cognitions, and emotions

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Edward Hebert

 al., 1999 ). In explaining the findings, Adams ( 1986 ), and others (e.g.,  Blandin & Proteau, 2000 ; Lee & White, 1990 ) proposed that, when watching a learning model, the observer engages in problem solving cognitions that form the basis of motor learning, including appraising/evaluating actions and