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Pasmore Malambo, Andre P. Kengne, Estelle V. Lambert, Anniza De Villiers and Thandi Puoane

Overweight and obesity are a worldwide health problem, affecting populations across a diversity of social and income statuses. In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight and 600 million were obese. 1 Theoretically, walking could help

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Elske Stolte, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Marja J. Aartsen, Theo G. van Tilburg and Astrid Chorus

[191] = 5.17, p  = .00). Mean increase on the Voorrips sports scale was 2.2 points (SD = 5.9) and median change was 1 point on the scale. The Voorrips scores showed a diversity in change among participants. When breaking down the change on the Voorrips sports scale into categories, 20% decreased, 29

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Meera Sreedhara, Karin Valentine Goins, Christine Frisard, Milagros C. Rosal and Stephenie C. Lemon

mixed use to enhance the diversity and proximity of destinations near public transit. 7 Individuals using public transit often walk or bike to transit stops, and expanding services, locations, and connections can improve access and opportunities for PA. 5 , 8 Traffic safety and injury prevention

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Leslie K. Larsen and Christopher J. Clayton

roles, in sport-focused graduate programs. Jones, Brooks, and Mak ( 2008 ) found that female faculty and ethnic minority faculty as well as ethnic minority students were underrepresented in sport management programs. This lack of diversity in graduate programs might discourage women of color from

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Scott E. Crouter, Paul R. Hibbing and Samuel R. LaMunion

summarized in Table  1 . The males and females were similar overall, with a slightly higher proportion of overweight and obese in males, and greater racial and ethnic diversity in females. Table 1 Descriptive Characteristics of the Participants Males ( n  = 23) Females ( n  = 21) All Participants ( N  = 44

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Toben F. Nelson, Richard F. MacLehose, Cynthia Davey, Peter Rode and Marilyn S. Nanney

Minnesota is predominantly white, particularly in rural areas. 40 In contrast, urban centers such as the greater Twin Cities metropolitan area are becoming more racially/ethnically diverse. 41 Despite this diversity, Minnesota schools tend to be segregated on racial/ethnic and socioeconomic lines, have

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Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Sally Taunton, Adam Pennell and Ali Brian

. , & Wager , T.D. ( 2000 ). The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex “frontal lobe” tasks: A latent variable analysis . Cognitive Psychology, 41 , 49 – 100 . PubMed ID: 10945922 doi:10.1006/cogp.1999.0734 10.1006/cogp.1999.0734 Ponitz , C.C. , McClelland

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Tiago V. Barreira, Stephanie T. Broyles, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol A. Maher, José A. Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S. Tremblay, Peter T. Katzmarzyk and for the ISCOLE Research Group

numerous strengths, such as the economic and social diversity of site locations across the world as well as widely accepted standardized methodology and equipment utilized in each site. However, this study was not without limitations. The samples were mostly limited to 1 city in each country, which were

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Stephanie G. Kerrigan, Evan M. Forman, Mitesh Patel, Dave Williams, Fengqing Zhang, Ross D. Crosby and Meghan L. Butryn

the generalizability of results across the population. The diversity of our sample was also limited, with most the sample being female, well educated, and individuals with high incomes. This likely further reduces generalizability. Incentives were also delivered to a participant all at once at the

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Chia-Yuan Yu and Biyuan Wang

JX . Walkability and body mass index: density, design, and new diversity measures . Am J Prev Med . 2008 ; 35 ( 3 ): 237 – 244 . PubMed ID: 18692736 doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2008.05.028 26. Daniels R , Mulley C . Explaining walking distance to public transport: the dominance of public