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Meera Sreedhara, Karin Valentine Goins, Christine Frisard, Milagros C. Rosal and Stephenie C. Lemon

mixed use to enhance the diversity and proximity of destinations near public transit. 7 Individuals using public transit often walk or bike to transit stops, and expanding services, locations, and connections can improve access and opportunities for PA. 5 , 8 Traffic safety and injury prevention

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Stephanie G. Kerrigan, Evan M. Forman, Mitesh Patel, Dave Williams, Fengqing Zhang, Ross D. Crosby and Meghan L. Butryn

the generalizability of results across the population. The diversity of our sample was also limited, with most the sample being female, well educated, and individuals with high incomes. This likely further reduces generalizability. Incentives were also delivered to a participant all at once at the

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Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Sally Taunton, Adam Pennell and Ali Brian

. , & Wager , T.D. ( 2000 ). The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex “frontal lobe” tasks: A latent variable analysis . Cognitive Psychology, 41 , 49 – 100 . PubMed ID: 10945922 doi:10.1006/cogp.1999.0734 10.1006/cogp.1999.0734 Ponitz , C.C. , McClelland

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Hamid Najafipour, Masoomeh Kahnooji, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Mahboobeh Yeganeh, Milad Ahmadi Gohari, Mitra Shadkam Farokhi and Ali Mirzazadeh

2016, the prevalence of LPA in 6- to 18-year age group was 34.1% 9 and in 18- to 64-year age group was 54.7%. 10 A systematic review in 2016 also showed that the prevalence of LPA in Iran ranged from 30% to 70% with considerable diversity between sexes and subgroups. 11 Our previous study on Kerman

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Zhiguang Zhang, Eduarda Sousa-Sá, João R. Pereira, Anthony D. Okely, Xiaoqi Feng and Rute Santos

acceptance of diversity 4.71 (0.93) Interaction Supervision of play and learning, peer interaction, staff–child interaction, and discipline 5.64 (1.30) Program structure Schedule, free play, group play activities, and provisions for children with disabilities 5.79 (1.26) Parents and staff Provisions for

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Scott E. Crouter, Paul R. Hibbing and Samuel R. LaMunion

summarized in Table  1 . The males and females were similar overall, with a slightly higher proportion of overweight and obese in males, and greater racial and ethnic diversity in females. Table 1 Descriptive Characteristics of the Participants Males ( n  = 23) Females ( n  = 21) All Participants ( N  = 44

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Toben F. Nelson, Richard F. MacLehose, Cynthia Davey, Peter Rode and Marilyn S. Nanney

Minnesota is predominantly white, particularly in rural areas. 40 In contrast, urban centers such as the greater Twin Cities metropolitan area are becoming more racially/ethnically diverse. 41 Despite this diversity, Minnesota schools tend to be segregated on racial/ethnic and socioeconomic lines, have

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Katrina L. Piercy, Frances Bevington, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Sandra Williams Hilfiker, Sean Arayasirikul and Elizabeth Y. Barnett

are presented in Table  1 . There was a range of ages represented but limited diversity in race/ethnicity and gender. A majority of the respondents were female, were educated beyond a high school level, and did not have a child of adolescent age. Table 1 Demographic Characteristics Summary (N = 2050

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Chelsea L. Kracht, Elizabeth K. Webster and Amanda E. Staiano

’s use of tablets and smartphones, which may contribute additional screen time yet is currently understudied in studies of preschoolers. A strength of the study was diversity of the sample. The proportion of nonwhite participants (43%) is slightly higher compared with other studies evaluating race that

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Pasmore Malambo, Andre P. Kengne, Estelle V. Lambert, Anniza De Villiers and Thandi Puoane

Overweight and obesity are a worldwide health problem, affecting populations across a diversity of social and income statuses. In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight and 600 million were obese. 1 Theoretically, walking could help