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Pasmore Malambo, Andre P. Kengne, Estelle V. Lambert, Anniza De Villiers and Thandi Puoane

Overweight and obesity are a worldwide health problem, affecting populations across a diversity of social and income statuses. In 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight and 600 million were obese. 1 Theoretically, walking could help

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Christopher C. Imes, Yaguang Zheng, Dara D. Mendez, Bonny J. Rockette-Wagner, Meghan K. Mattos, Rachel W. Goode, Susan M. Sereika and Lora E. Burke

diversity within the sample, mailing lists with Zone Improvement Plan codes that included minority representation were obtained and recruitment postcards were mailed out. Eligibility criteria included (1) BMI between 27 and 43 kg/m 2 , (2) presence of a coronary heart disease risk factor (eg

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Scott E. Crouter, Paul R. Hibbing and Samuel R. LaMunion

summarized in Table  1 . The males and females were similar overall, with a slightly higher proportion of overweight and obese in males, and greater racial and ethnic diversity in females. Table 1 Descriptive Characteristics of the Participants Males ( n  = 23) Females ( n  = 21) All Participants ( N  = 44

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Emily M. D’Agostino, Sophia E. Day, Kevin J. Konty, Michael Larkin, Subir Saha and Katarzyna Wyka

. Allison KR , Adlaf EM . Structured opportunities for student physical activity in Ontario elementary and secondary schools . Can J Public Health . 2000 ; 91 ( 5 ): 371 . PubMed 11089292 26. Grauer SR . Small versus large schools: the truth about equity, cost, and diversity of programming in

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Meera Sreedhara, Karin Valentine Goins, Christine Frisard, Milagros C. Rosal and Stephenie C. Lemon

mixed use to enhance the diversity and proximity of destinations near public transit. 7 Individuals using public transit often walk or bike to transit stops, and expanding services, locations, and connections can improve access and opportunities for PA. 5 , 8 Traffic safety and injury prevention

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Shannon S. C. Herrick and Lindsay R. Duncan

, their perspectives shifted to incorporate the detrimental effects of increased body size on their physical health. Participants found that a balance between accepting body diversity and recognizing health problems associated with heavier weight was necessary within the SMW community. 33 Homophobia The

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Stephanie G. Kerrigan, Evan M. Forman, Mitesh Patel, Dave Williams, Fengqing Zhang, Ross D. Crosby and Meghan L. Butryn

the generalizability of results across the population. The diversity of our sample was also limited, with most the sample being female, well educated, and individuals with high incomes. This likely further reduces generalizability. Incentives were also delivered to a participant all at once at the

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Tiago V. Barreira, Stephanie T. Broyles, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Estelle V. Lambert, Carol A. Maher, José A. Maia, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L. Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S. Tremblay, Peter T. Katzmarzyk and for the ISCOLE Research Group

numerous strengths, such as the economic and social diversity of site locations across the world as well as widely accepted standardized methodology and equipment utilized in each site. However, this study was not without limitations. The samples were mostly limited to 1 city in each country, which were

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Chelsea L. Kracht, Elizabeth K. Webster and Amanda E. Staiano

’s use of tablets and smartphones, which may contribute additional screen time yet is currently understudied in studies of preschoolers. A strength of the study was diversity of the sample. The proportion of nonwhite participants (43%) is slightly higher compared with other studies evaluating race that

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Kelly Lynn Mulvey, Sally Taunton, Adam Pennell and Ali Brian

. , & Wager , T.D. ( 2000 ). The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex “frontal lobe” tasks: A latent variable analysis . Cognitive Psychology, 41 , 49 – 100 . PubMed ID: 10945922 doi:10.1006/cogp.1999.0734 10.1006/cogp.1999.0734 Ponitz , C.C. , McClelland