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Figen Govsa, Gkionoul Nteli Chatzioglou, Simin Hepguler, Yelda Pinar and Ozden Bedre

structure and function were sensitive to foot type. Alterations of foot morphology in people with large rearfoot angle are associated with knee pain, disability, and cartilage damage. These structural conditions may result from friction, repetitive stress in forefoot or heel, toe adaptations to shoe shape

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Josep C. Benítez-Martínez, Pablo Martínez-Ramírez, Fermín Valera-Garrido, Jose Casaña-Granell and Francesc Medina-Mirapeix

corticosteroid injections in some cases for a short-term effect, 20 load training modification, 21 and other therapeutic modalities (therapeutic ultrasound, cryotherapy, transverse friction massage, bracing, or taping). 22 Nevertheless, an active debate still exists regarding changes in tendon abnormalities

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Adam Douglas, Michael A. Rotondi, Joseph Baker, Veronica K. Jamnik and Alison K. Macpherson

, and hip adductors. Due to the low coefficient of friction of the ice, the forward propulsion in skating needs to be perpendicular to the gliding direction of the skate, which leads to more horizontal and lateral force production than running or sprinting. 14 As with the use of any technology or

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Kimberly Somers, Dustin Aune, Anthony Horten, James Kim and Julia Rogers

elongation of equal parts of both tendon and muscle fascicles, whereas post stretching ROM gains were secondary to changes in elastic properties of the gastrocnemius muscle rather than the tendon. During self-myofascial release, pressure, undulation, movement, and friction are applied to muscle tissue

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Adam M. Fullenkamp, Danilo V. Tolusso, C. Matthew Laurent, Brian M. Campbell and Andrea E. Cripps

as products have been developed without a motor to reduce costs. Newer NMTs, however, have been designed with a low-friction belt and an altered belt surface contour in the hopes of providing a more valid gait experience. 4 , 5 Consequently, biomechanical assessments are warranted to evaluate the

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Mark Glaister, Colin Towey, Owen Jeffries, Daniel Muniz-Pumares, Paul Foley and Gillian McInnes

. Winter EM , Brown D , Roberts NKA , Brookes FBC , Swaine IL . Optimized and corrected peak power output during friction-braked cycle ergometry . J Sports Sci . 1996 ; 14 ( 6 ): 513 – 521 . PubMed ID: 8981290 doi:10.1080/02640419608727738 8981290 10.1080/02640419608727738 15. Durnin JV

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Ana Gay, Gracia López-Contreras, Ricardo J. Fernandes and Raúl Arellano

Furthermore, higher efficiency has been observed for long suits (compared with sleeveless or short suits) due to enhanced buoyancy and a reduction in friction drag. 10 Notwithstanding the observed SI differences between suits, η p did not differ, probably because swimmers had to modify their technique

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Moni Syeda, Jason Bartholomew, Shayane Santiago, Jeff Peterson, Russell T. Baker and Scott W. Cheatham

is textured and is combined with a special balm to allow smoother movements and to increase friction between the skin and tool, 4 while the GT ® protocol utilizes additional adjunct interventions and a specific emollient. Thus, the findings in this study may be as a result of FAT ™ technique

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Roel De Ridder, Tine Willems, Jos Vanrenterghem, Ruth Verrelst, Cedric De Blaiser and Philip Roosen

alterations to in-shoe friction and/or pressure distributions, making inferences around the isolated taping effect void. This should be also addressed in future research. Conclusions Our study shows that even limited tape straps are capable of altering ankle joint kinematics prior to TD during the landing

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Pablo Fanlo-Mazas, Elena Bueno-Gracia, Alazne Ruiz de Escudero-Zapico, José Miguel Tricás-Moreno and María Orosia Lucha-López

modalities with good empirical results, but no studies have evaluated the effects of DF in the treatment of patients with PFPS. Diacutaneous fibrolysis is a noninvasive physiotherapeutic technique, developed following Cyriax deep friction massage principles, used to treat the mechanical or inflammatory pain