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Ana Gay, Gracia López-Contreras, Ricardo J. Fernandes and Raúl Arellano

Furthermore, higher efficiency has been observed for long suits (compared with sleeveless or short suits) due to enhanced buoyancy and a reduction in friction drag. 10 Notwithstanding the observed SI differences between suits, η p did not differ, probably because swimmers had to modify their technique

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Franziska Onasch, Anthony Killick and Walter Herzog

application is about the same, then it follows that less frequent force application is required to overcome the resistance provided by the uphill slope and the roller ski friction with the ground (since the skier is essentially stationary on the treadmill, air resistance can be neglected). Therefore

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Pablo Fanlo-Mazas, Elena Bueno-Gracia, Alazne Ruiz de Escudero-Zapico, José Miguel Tricás-Moreno and María Orosia Lucha-López

modalities with good empirical results, but no studies have evaluated the effects of DF in the treatment of patients with PFPS. Diacutaneous fibrolysis is a noninvasive physiotherapeutic technique, developed following Cyriax deep friction massage principles, used to treat the mechanical or inflammatory pain

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Kimberly Somers, Dustin Aune, Anthony Horten, James Kim and Julia Rogers

elongation of equal parts of both tendon and muscle fascicles, whereas post stretching ROM gains were secondary to changes in elastic properties of the gastrocnemius muscle rather than the tendon. During self-myofascial release, pressure, undulation, movement, and friction are applied to muscle tissue

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Yumeng Li, He Wang and Kathy J. Simpson

primarily taken up by the ligaments because the friction between the tibia and femur was assumed to be negligible. 35 As the ACL is the primary restraint to anterior translation of the tibia, the posterior tibiofemoral force could correspond to the ACL loading. In other words, the posterior tibiofemoral

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Mark Glaister, Colin Towey, Owen Jeffries, Daniel Muniz-Pumares, Paul Foley and Gillian McInnes

. Winter EM , Brown D , Roberts NKA , Brookes FBC , Swaine IL . Optimized and corrected peak power output during friction-braked cycle ergometry . J Sports Sci . 1996 ; 14 ( 6 ): 513 – 521 . PubMed ID: 8981290 doi:10.1080/02640419608727738 8981290 10.1080/02640419608727738 15. Durnin JV

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Akane Yoshimura, Robert Schleip and Norikazu Hirose

tissue properties through friction between the material and skin, the gastrocnemius muscle treated by FR would become softer after the intervention. Moreover, fascicle lengthening would increase simultaneously with increasing DF ROM following FR intervention on the plantar flexors because FL of the

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Moni Syeda, Jason Bartholomew, Shayane Santiago, Jeff Peterson, Russell T. Baker and Scott W. Cheatham

is textured and is combined with a special balm to allow smoother movements and to increase friction between the skin and tool, 4 while the GT ® protocol utilizes additional adjunct interventions and a specific emollient. Thus, the findings in this study may be as a result of FAT ™ technique

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Adam Douglas, Michael A. Rotondi, Joseph Baker, Veronica K. Jamnik and Alison K. Macpherson

, and hip adductors. Due to the low coefficient of friction of the ice, the forward propulsion in skating needs to be perpendicular to the gliding direction of the skate, which leads to more horizontal and lateral force production than running or sprinting. 14 As with the use of any technology or

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Adam M. Fullenkamp, Danilo V. Tolusso, C. Matthew Laurent, Brian M. Campbell and Andrea E. Cripps

as products have been developed without a motor to reduce costs. Newer NMTs, however, have been designed with a low-friction belt and an altered belt surface contour in the hopes of providing a more valid gait experience. 4 , 5 Consequently, biomechanical assessments are warranted to evaluate the