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Guohua Zheng, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Kun Ling, Jing Tao and Lidian Chen

( Campo et al., 2015 ), blood lipids ( Chang, Koo, Chen, & Lin, 2013 ), glycosylated serum protein, and fasting blood glucose (FBG; Taylor-Piliae, Silva, & Sheremeta, 2012 ; Zhang & Fu, 2008 ), which are risk factors of stroke. The authors’ previous meta-analysis also confirmed that Tai Chi is

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Neil D. Clarke, Darren L. Richardson, James Thie and Richard Taylor

analysis of caffeine concentration using a standard enzyme-linked immunoassay kit (Caffeine ELISA kit; Creative Diagnostics, Shirley, NY). At the same time points, a capillary blood sample was drawn from the index finger for determination of blood glucose and lactate concentrations ( Biosen C-line; EKF

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Vandre C. Figueiredo, Michelle M. Farnfield, Megan L.R. Ross, Petra Gran, Shona L. Halson, Jonathan M. Peake, David Cameron-Smith and James F. Markworth

the recovery period. Muscle samples were taken at rest, immediately after exercise, and again following 3 hr of passive recovery. Venous blood samples were collected at rest and then every 30-min postexercise for 3 hr (Figure  1 ). Data for glucose and insulin levels have been previously reported

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Hellen C.G. Nabuco, Crisieli M. Tomeleri, Rodrigo R. Fernandes, Paulo Sugihara Junior, Edilaine F. Cavalcante, Danielle Venturini, Décio S. Barbosa, Analiza M. Silva, Luís B. Sardinha and Edilson S. Cyrino

intraclass correlation coefficient >.99. Venous blood samples were collected after a 12 hr fast and a minimum of 72 hr after the final physical exercise session, according to procedures previously described ( Tomeleri et al., 2016 ) for determining glucose, HDL-c, and triglycerides. Samples were deposited in

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Mark Glaister and Conor Gissane

, which were heart rate, oxygen uptake ( V ˙ O 2 ), RER, V ˙ E , rating of perceived exertion (RPE), blood lactate concentration [BLa], and blood glucose concentration [BGl]. Measures of RPE were constrained to those evaluated using the 15-point scale. 39 Meta-Analysis From an initial search result of

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Catrine Tudor-Locke, John M. Schuna Jr, Damon L. Swift, Amber T. Dragg, Allison B. Davis, Corby K. Martin, William D. Johnson and Timothy S. Church

variables included systolic and diastolic blood pressure, anthropometric measurements, fasting blood glucose and insulin, flow-mediated dilation, gait speed, and ActiGraph GT3X+ (ActiGraph LLC, Pensacola, FL) determined physical activity and sedentary behavior. Methods The study design and methods

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Monica Klungland Torstveit, Ida Fahrenholtz, Thomas B. Stenqvist, Øystein Sylta and Anna Melin

within 60 min. Two 1.8 ml Cryotube Vials (Termo Fischer Science, Roskilde, Denmark) were filled with serum and frozen to −75 °C. Blood samples were analyzed for glucose, cortisol, testosterone, and triiodothyronine ( T 3 ) at Sørlandets Hospital in Kristiansand and Aker Hormonlab in Oslo, Norway

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Jennifer Sygo, Alexandra M. Coates, Erik Sesbreno, Margo L. Mountjoy and Jamie F. Burr

) and triiodothyronine, and is associated with menstrual dysfunction and secondary functional hypothalamic amenorrhea in women ( Loucks & Thuma, 2003 ; Nattiv et al., 2007 ). LEA suppresses other hormones and substrates, including insulin, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), glucose, growth hormone

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Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale, Adam S. Tenforde, Allyson L. Parziale, Bryan Holtzman and Kathryn E. Ackerman

 al., 2010 ). Amylin contributes to glucose regulation and satiety, but we are not aware of any research evaluating amylin levels by EA in either male or female athletes. Incretins, such as glucagon-like peptide 1 and gastric inhibitory peptide, are gut hormones that stimulate insulin release and inhibit

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Allen C. Parcell, Melinda L. Ray, Kristine A. Moss, Timothy M. Ruden, Rick L. Sharp and Douglas S. King

Previous investigations have reported that soluble fiber reduces the plasma glucose and insulin changes after an oral glucose load. To improve the payability of a soluble-fiber feeding, this study addressed how a combined, soluble fiber (delivered in capsule form) and a preexercise CHO feeding would affect metabolic responses during exercise. On 3 different days, participants ingested a placebo (CON), 75 g liquid CHO (GLU), or 75 g liquid CHO with 14.5 g encapsulated guar gum (FIB) 45 min before cycling for 60 min at 70% VO2peak. Peak concentrations of plasma glucose and insulin were similar and significantly greater than CON preexercise (p < .05). Similarities in carbohydrate reliance were observed in GLU and FIB. Muscle glycogen use did not differ significantly among trials. These results demonstrate that encapsulated soluble fiber delivered with a liquid CHO feeding does not affect plasma glucose, insulin, or muscle glycogen utilization during exercise.