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Hotaka Maeda, Chris C. Cho, Young Cho and Scott J. Strath

note, Oliver, Schluter, and Schofield ( 2011 ) introduced a similar method that modeled minute-level accelerometer data. However, this method was not included in the study as Lee and Gill’s ( 2018 ) method was able to take into account more complex data properties including the zero-inflation and

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Judy L. Van Raalte, Allen E. Cornelius, Elizabeth M. Mullin, Britton W. Brewer, Erika D. Van Dyke, Alicia J. Johnson and Takehiro Iwatsuki

type i error inflation . Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145 , 643 – 654 . doi:10.1037/xge0000159 10.1037/xge0000159 Van Raalte , J.L. , Vincent , A. , & Brewer , B.W. ( 2016 ). Self-talk: Review and sport-specific model . Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 22 , 139 – 148 . doi

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Jan Haut, Freya Gassmann, Eike Emrich, Tim Meyer and Christian Pierdzioch

gives some indication that success only has relative impact, and additional factors are strongly affecting the image of athletes and nations, too: For less successful countries, a single gold medal may increase international attention strongly, while more frequent winning may lead to inflation, i

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Nadia Cristina Valentini, Glauber Carvalho Nobre, Mariele Santayana de Souza and Michael J. Duncan

variance inflation factor was used to investigate the multicollinearity of the data, with values >10 considered an indicator of multicollinearity 39 ; P  < .05 considered as significant. Results Outliers were not detected in the Mahalanobis squared distance test. Furthermore, the results obtained from the

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Bryan E. Denham

interactions. The study checked for multicollinearity using variance inflation factors (VIFs), requiring the VIF for each independent variable to appear between 1.0 and 10.0. For the second set of analyses, the study included sports in which members of racial and ethnic minorities did and did not participate

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Ka Man Leung and Pak-Kwong Chung

inflation, population growth, and population aging, the Food and Health Bureau, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region ( 2008 ), estimated that from 2004 to 2033, the total health expenditure will increase by 55%, with an average annual growth rate of 1.5%. Despite the well-documented benefits of engaging

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Fleur E.C.A. van Rens, Rebecca A. Ashley and Andrea R. Steele

and athletic identities and the student-athletes’ GPAs. Collinearity was not a concern in the analysis, as the variance inflation factor was 1.0 ( Hair, Anderson, Tatham, & Black, 1998 ). Together, the student-athletes’ academic and athletic identities explained 16.3% of the variance in their GPAs, F

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George B. Cunningham and Calvin Nite

Aiken’s ( 2003 ) recommendations. Specifically, the three control variables were entered into the first step, followed by the standardized first-order effects, and finally, the interaction terms of interest. We examined the variance inflation factor (VIF) scores to test for multicollinearity, with

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Namkee G. Choi, Diana M. DiNitto, John E. Sullivan and Bryan Y. Choi

this group. Variance inflation factor diagnostics, using a cutoff of 2.50 ( Allison, 2015 ), showed that multicollinearity was not a concern. Multinomial logistic regression results are presented as relative risk ratios with 95% CIs, and binary logistic regression results are presented as adjusted odds

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Masakazu Matsuoka, Hiroshi Kunimura and Koichi Hiraoka

effect and multiple comparison tests were repeated many times. Therefore, we cannot rule out the increase in type I error due to too many repeated tests causing probability inflation and the increase in type II error due to too much alpha adjustment. This limitation may have caused overestimation or