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Bethany Wisthoff, Shannon Matheny, Aaron Struminger, Geoffrey Gustavsen, Joseph Glutting, Charles Swanik and Thomas W. Kaminski

and reinjury. 7 One of the residual and potentially long-lasting symptoms of lateral ankle sprains is mechanical laxity caused by ligamentous damage to the ankle after injury. The amount of separation to the lateral ligaments affects the extent of pathologic laxity of the lateral ankle. 7 In addition

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Lana M. Pfaff and Michael E. Cinelli

-Lajoie et al., 2005 ), as well as a buffer, which is not indicative of caution or error but rather is sensitive to one’s spatial requirements during walking ( Franchak et al., 2012 ). The protective zone is implemented to accommodate for medial–lateral (ML) stride-to-stride changes in body position to

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Atsushi Makimoto, Yoko Sano, Satoru Hashizume, Akihiko Murai, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Hiroshi Takemura and Hiroaki Hobara

measures of GRF impulses were also computed. Vertical, braking, propulsive, medial, and lateral impulses were calculated as the time integrals of the vertical, posterior, anterior, medial, and lateral GRF time patterns, respectively. All GRF data, peak forces, and GRF impulses were normalized using the

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Pablo Fanlo-Mazas, Elena Bueno-Gracia, Alazne Ruiz de Escudero-Zapico, José Miguel Tricás-Moreno and María Orosia Lucha-López

lack of flexibility of several muscles of the thigh has been documented as a possible factor contributing to PFP, 4 – 6 and it is a common finding in patients with PFPS. 7 – 9 A tight iliotibial band (ITB) can lead to laterally located patella and an abnormal patellar tracking pattern. 4 , 6 This

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Jaimie A. Roper, Ryan T. Roemmich, Mark D. Tillman, Matthew J. Terza and Chris J. Hass

stabilize the pelvis as the swing leg progresses forward. 3 , 4 Further, studies have demonstrated that certain lower extremity frontal plane mechanics (ie, impulse of the knee abduction moment and medio-lateral ground reaction forces) change with gait speed. 5 , 6 Interventions that manipulate gait speed

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Aaron T. Scanlan, Neal Wen, Joshua H. Guy, Nathan Elsworthy, Michele Lastella, David B. Pyne, Daniele Conte and Vincent J. Dalbo

limbs rather than direct performance measures were reported. 5 Furthermore, the extent IMTP peak force underpins other power-driven tasks performed during basketball game-play (lateral movements, bilateral jumping, and sprinting), as well as the relationships between impulse measures attained during

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Alexander H.K. Montoye, Scott A. Conger, Joe R. Mitrzyk, Colby Beach, Alecia K. Fox and Jeremy A. Steeves

. Deadlift 8. Lateral raise 23. Front squat 9. Lunge 24. Good morning 10. Row 25. Shoulder press 11. Shoulder press 12. Squat 13. Squat inside 14. Thruster 15. Triceps extension Note . Exercises are listed in alphabetical order within each column. Protocol Participants rotated through two sets of 12

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Julie A. Fuller, Heidi L. Hammil, Kelly J. Pronschinske and Chris J. Durall

lateral patellar support brace with 30° flexion for 3 wk and then 90° flexion for next 3 wk. Brace removed after 6 wk, and patients were instructed to complete full ROM. FWB from the start. Rehab protocol (ROM as tolerated, isometric quadriceps strengthening, progressed to isokinetic strengthening when

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Bastiaan Breine, Philippe Malcolm, Veerle Segers, Joeri Gerlo, Rud Derie, Todd Pataky, Edward C. Frederick and Dirk De Clercq

of pressure movement along the lateral shoe margin after which the center of pressure moves medially into the midfoot zone, and an early first metatarsal contact. In the typical rearfoot contact patterns, the initial center of pressure movement is slower and almost instantly moves toward the foot

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Kerry E. Costello, Janie L. Astephen Wilson, William D. Stanish, Nathan Urquhart and Cheryl L. Hubley-Kozey

• Peak KFM/(bw × ht) not different Chehab et al 8 S Decrease in mean cartilage thickness or medial-to-lateral cartilage thickness ratio 5 16 (63%) 60 (9) 28.3 (4.5) 2 1.3 (0.1) • Peak KAM/(bw × ht) higher • Peak KFM/(bw × ht) higher Hodges et al 13 S Medial tibial cartilage volume change 1 50 (49%) 66 (8