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Simon A. Rogers, Chris S. Whatman, Simon N. Pearson and Andrew E. Kilding

stiffness (vertical, leg, and joint) incorporating a greater number of musculoskeletal and neural components involved in jumping and running tasks. 17 Global stiffness is informed by isolated or component measures in the lower limbs, which examine various muscle-tendon units (MTUs) in an effort to

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Xin He, Hio Teng Leong, On Yue Lau, Michael Tim-Yun Ong and Patrick Shu-Hang Yung

inclusion. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients with ACLR were recruited; (2) at least 1 landing task under nonfatigue condition was performed, including drop landing, jump landing, and hop landing; (3) muscular activity amplitude, timing (onset/duration), or frequency of lower limb prior to

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Jorge Arede, António Paulo Ferreira, Oliver Gonzalo-Skok and Nuno Leite

finish line (1). Sit and Reach Test The flexibility was assessed according to the procedures of EUROFIT (Council of Europe) test battery. 23 The test was repeated twice and separated by at least 1 minute of passive recovery. The Lower-Limb Asymmetry Index The Lower-Limb Asymmetry Index (ASI) was

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Mark Booth, Stephen Cobley and Rhonda Orr

. *Significant difference between preseason and during competition ( P  = .05). **Significant difference between 2001 and 2002/2003 seasons ( P  = .05). Six studies investigated the relationship between TL and injury site (Table  4 ), 15 , 16 – 18 , 26 , 40 with 2 identifying relationships. The lower limb

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Aaron Derouin and Jim R. Potvin

the literature suggests that the use of functional knee braces on ACLD knees somehow affects peak and total lower-limb electromyography (EMG), and alters muscle timing and activation patterns, such as shortened hamstring reflex time. 3 Although functional knee braces may alter muscle activity in

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Lindsey Tulipani, Mark G. Boocock, Karen V. Lomond, Mahmoud El-Gohary, Duncan A. Reid and Sharon M. Henry

) as a C3D file and analyzed using the Visual 3D (C-Motion Inc., Germantown, MD, USA) biomechanical software program. A 9-segment, rigid-link dynamic biomechanical model was constructed of the trunk (thorax, lumbar spine), pelvis, and bilateral lower limbs (thigh, shank, foot) from the retro

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Philippe Richard and François Billaut

strategies were mostly examined in cycling and running exercises, and it is necessary to assess the impact on other locomotion modalities that lead to different metabolic and mechanical stresses in elite athletes. Therefore, this study aimed to examine whether acute RIPC could modify lower-limb oxygenation

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Sergio Jiménez-Rubio, Archit Navandar, Jesús Rivilla-García and Victor Paredes-Hernández

, postinjury), the player would have to undergo sessions in the gym focusing on achieving a full range of motion in the hip and knee, 30 – 32 and performing controlled static and dynamic drills to strengthen the lower limbs (Figure  1 ). 30 Figure 1 —The rehabilitation program to be followed by the injured

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Jorg Teichmann, Edin K. Suwarganda, C. Martyn Beaven, Kim Hébert-Losier, Jin Wei Lee, Florencio Tenllado Vallejo, Philip Chun Foong Lew, Ramlan Abdul Aziz, Yeo Wee Kian and Dietmar Schmidtbleicher

prior to their voluntary participation in this study. Procedures Experimental Design Stratified randomization was used to create 2 groups (UDP intervention [n = 11] and control [n = 10]) using a specific measure of lower limb neuromuscular capacity termed ‘Jump Reserve’ (the ratio of 24 cm drop jump

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Jeroen de Bruijn, Henk van der Worp, Mark Korte, Astrid de Vries, Rick Nijland and Michel Brink

, 22.1 ± 3.1 years; body mass, 75.0 ± 12.6 kg; and stature, 1.79 ± 0.09 m. The participants were recovering from different lower limb injuries: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury (6), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injury (1), hip injury (1), and bone fragments in the ankle joint (1). All