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Adam Jones, Richard Page, Chris Brogden, Ben Langley and Matt Greig

quantified in terms of distance covered. Additional outcome measures in rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and a visual analog scale (VAS) measure of lower-limb muscle soreness were also recorded to reflect the perceptual influence of playing surface. Participants Fifteen amateur male soccer players (22

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David C. Kingston and Stacey M. Acker

Challenge ( ). In this study, we defined an MSK model of the pelvis and right lower limb that incorporates intersegmental contact variables. The objectives for this work were to quantify prediction error of tibial compression against a gold standard and to use this model

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Karl Fullam, Brian Caulfield, Garrett F. Coughlan, Wayne McNulty, David Campbell and Eamonn Delahunt

impairments that could contribute to lower-limb injury. 17 , 18 Decreased postural balance is a primary risk factor for knee joint injury. 19 Furthermore, Coughlan et al 20 recently recommended the utilization of dynamic postural balance testing as part of a weekly musculoskeletal screening assessment to

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Anna C. Severin, Brendan J. Burkett, Mark R. McKean, Aaron N. Wiegand and Mark G.L. Sayers

ethics approval. Instrumentation This study used six 100-Hz inertial sensors (Nanotrak; Catapult Sports, Docklands, Australia) to track trunk, pelvis, and lower limb kinematics. Inertial sensors are a validated tool for kinematic analyses ( Cuesta-Vargas, Galán-Mercant, & Williams, 2010 ; Steins, Dawes

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Annika Kruse, Christian Schranz, Martin Svehlik and Markus Tilp

lower limb exercises ( 30 ) in sets with 10–12 repetitions organized in 3 circuits: sit-to-stand exercise, heel raises, forward lunges, lateral step-up exercise, and bridging exercise. Exercises were conducted in a controlled manner, with a slow to moderate speed, and a 2-minute break between sets

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Ewan R. Williams, James McKendry, Paul T. Morgan and Leigh Breen

purposes may be an important consideration for its application in sporting performance and requires further attention. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to assess the effects of varying levels of compression applied via lower-limb CG on multiday cycling performance at typical levels of EIMD

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Pawel R. Golyski, Elizabeth M. Bell, Elizabeth M. Husson, Erik J. Wolf and Brad D. Hendershot

strategy based on vertical ground reaction impulse (vGRI). This variable represents the cumulative load applied vertically to the lower limb throughout stance, but does not require real-time inverse dynamics calculations, establishing a low barrier to adoption. We theorize that vGRI could be an effective

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Simon A. Rogers, Chris S. Whatman, Simon N. Pearson and Andrew E. Kilding

stiffness (vertical, leg, and joint) incorporating a greater number of musculoskeletal and neural components involved in jumping and running tasks. 17 Global stiffness is informed by isolated or component measures in the lower limbs, which examine various muscle-tendon units (MTUs) in an effort to

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Jorge Arede, António Paulo Ferreira, Oliver Gonzalo-Skok and Nuno Leite

finish line (1). Sit and Reach Test The flexibility was assessed according to the procedures of EUROFIT (Council of Europe) test battery. 23 The test was repeated twice and separated by at least 1 minute of passive recovery. The Lower-Limb Asymmetry Index The Lower-Limb Asymmetry Index (ASI) was

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Xin He, Hio Teng Leong, On Yue Lau, Michael Tim-Yun Ong and Patrick Shu-Hang Yung

inclusion. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients with ACLR were recruited; (2) at least 1 landing task under nonfatigue condition was performed, including drop landing, jump landing, and hop landing; (3) muscular activity amplitude, timing (onset/duration), or frequency of lower limb prior to