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Anna C. Severin, Brendan J. Burkett, Mark R. McKean, Aaron N. Wiegand and Mark G.L. Sayers

ethics approval. Instrumentation This study used six 100-Hz inertial sensors (Nanotrak; Catapult Sports, Docklands, Australia) to track trunk, pelvis, and lower limb kinematics. Inertial sensors are a validated tool for kinematic analyses ( Cuesta-Vargas, Galán-Mercant, & Williams, 2010 ; Steins, Dawes

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Annika Kruse, Christian Schranz, Martin Svehlik and Markus Tilp

lower limb exercises ( 30 ) in sets with 10–12 repetitions organized in 3 circuits: sit-to-stand exercise, heel raises, forward lunges, lateral step-up exercise, and bridging exercise. Exercises were conducted in a controlled manner, with a slow to moderate speed, and a 2-minute break between sets

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Simon A. Rogers, Chris S. Whatman, Simon N. Pearson and Andrew E. Kilding

stiffness (vertical, leg, and joint) incorporating a greater number of musculoskeletal and neural components involved in jumping and running tasks. 17 Global stiffness is informed by isolated or component measures in the lower limbs, which examine various muscle-tendon units (MTUs) in an effort to

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Pawel R. Golyski, Elizabeth M. Bell, Elizabeth M. Husson, Erik J. Wolf and Brad D. Hendershot

strategy based on vertical ground reaction impulse (vGRI). This variable represents the cumulative load applied vertically to the lower limb throughout stance, but does not require real-time inverse dynamics calculations, establishing a low barrier to adoption. We theorize that vGRI could be an effective

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Jorge Arede, António Paulo Ferreira, Oliver Gonzalo-Skok and Nuno Leite

finish line (1). Sit and Reach Test The flexibility was assessed according to the procedures of EUROFIT (Council of Europe) test battery. 23 The test was repeated twice and separated by at least 1 minute of passive recovery. The Lower-Limb Asymmetry Index The Lower-Limb Asymmetry Index (ASI) was

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Xin He, Hio Teng Leong, On Yue Lau, Michael Tim-Yun Ong and Patrick Shu-Hang Yung

inclusion. The inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients with ACLR were recruited; (2) at least 1 landing task under nonfatigue condition was performed, including drop landing, jump landing, and hop landing; (3) muscular activity amplitude, timing (onset/duration), or frequency of lower limb prior to

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Mark Booth, Stephen Cobley and Rhonda Orr

. *Significant difference between preseason and during competition ( P  = .05). **Significant difference between 2001 and 2002/2003 seasons ( P  = .05). Six studies investigated the relationship between TL and injury site (Table  4 ), 15 , 16 – 18 , 26 , 40 with 2 identifying relationships. The lower limb

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Aaron Derouin and Jim R. Potvin

the literature suggests that the use of functional knee braces on ACLD knees somehow affects peak and total lower-limb electromyography (EMG), and alters muscle timing and activation patterns, such as shortened hamstring reflex time. 3 Although functional knee braces may alter muscle activity in

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Lindsey Tulipani, Mark G. Boocock, Karen V. Lomond, Mahmoud El-Gohary, Duncan A. Reid and Sharon M. Henry

) as a C3D file and analyzed using the Visual 3D (C-Motion Inc., Germantown, MD, USA) biomechanical software program. A 9-segment, rigid-link dynamic biomechanical model was constructed of the trunk (thorax, lumbar spine), pelvis, and bilateral lower limbs (thigh, shank, foot) from the retro

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Philippe Richard and François Billaut

strategies were mostly examined in cycling and running exercises, and it is necessary to assess the impact on other locomotion modalities that lead to different metabolic and mechanical stresses in elite athletes. Therefore, this study aimed to examine whether acute RIPC could modify lower-limb oxygenation