Search Results

You are looking at 101 - 110 of 121 items for :

  • "normalization" x
  • Social Studies in Sport and Physical Activity x
Clear All
Restricted access

Orland Hoeber, Ryan Snelgrove, Larena Hoeber and Laura Wood

electronic formats, the consistency of the data, and the need for data format normalization. In some cases, the data source may be readily available (e.g., Twitter, Google News advanced search); in other cases, converting the data into a format that can be readily analyzed may be challenging and time

Restricted access

Nicholas Burton and Cheri Bradish

represents an important exertion of influence and control and serves to facilitate the normalization and legitimation of ideas, concepts, or practices ( Weedon, 1987 ). This discursive power can further be conceptualized through the lens of soft power ( Nye, 1990 ), which refers to one’s ability “to

Restricted access

Emily Stadder and Michael L. Naraine

avenues are closely connected with sport, as marketers seek the association with sport to increase the normalization and legitimacy of gambling ( Gainsbury et al., 2016 ). Through television, there are multiple options for gambling operators to promote their products. Of course, there is the use of

Restricted access

Hans C. Schmidt

considerable attention for his affinity for golf ( Shipnuck, 2017 ). Indeed, such connections between prominent political leaders and sports are so common that, as Green and Hartmann ( 2012 ) wrote, they have become “so deeply normalized that we don’t even notice” (par. 5). Clearly, the connection between

Restricted access

Fernando Borges

the role of particular media in sociocultural change ( Couldry & Hepp, 2013 ; Hepp, 2013 ). The attention to this idea emerged as media became omnipresent in the everyday lives of late-modern capitalist societies. By the middle of the first decade of the 21st century, observers saw the normalization

Restricted access

Emma Kavanagh, Chelsea Litchfield and Jaquelyn Osborne

adopted in order to normalize and/or trivialize gender-based discrimination ( Lockyer & Savigny, 2019 ). Often the violence targeting the women athletes online was subtle and hidden through humor, therefore reducing its likelihood to be recognized as violent content. As a result, these interactions often

Restricted access

Jimmy Sanderson, Matthew Zimmerman, Sarah Stokowski and Alison Fridley

. 166) and normalizes toxic behavior such as demeaning and belittling those who are perceived to deviate from social norms and ideals ( Litchfield et al., 2018 ). Some scholars suggest that the proliferation of vitriol published online has become a major social problem ( Kavanagh et al., 2016

Restricted access

Spencer Riehl, Ryan Snelgrove and Jonathon Edwards

prominent athletes with reference to attributes that are to be normalized. For example, the tradition of Michigan University athletics continues in part through the “Michigan Man” concept, which emphasizes a particular way of acting and competing ( Bacon, 2015 ). The last mechanism that maintains

Restricted access

Liam J.A. Lenten, Aaron C.T. Smith and Ralph-Christopher Bayer

athletes do not make decisions about doping based on ethics ( Engelberg, Moston, & Skinner, 2015 ). In fact, doping was normalized, leading to decisions made in a context of “moral disengagement.” In the absence of an idealized testing regime where drug use can be detected and eliminated, three options

Restricted access

Khirey B. Walker, Chad S. Seifried and Brian P. Soebbing

responsibility, governing financial aids to athletes, recruiting, and implementation ( Edleman, 2014 ). The Sanity Code was normalized between 1948 and 1950, but several schools (e.g., Boston College, Citadel, Maryland, Villanova, Virginia, Virginia Tech, and Virginia Military Institute) were found in violation