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Ignacio Perez-Pozuelo, Thomas White, Kate Westgate, Katrien Wijndaele, Nicholas J. Wareham and Soren Brage

Wrist-worn accelerometry has become a feasible option for the objective measurement of physical activity in large-scale epidemiological studies, such as Pelotas birth cohorts, the UK Biobank, and Whitehall II ( da Silva et al., 2014 ; Doherty et al., 2017 ; Menai et al., 2017 ). Additionally

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Ilona I. McMullan, Brendan P. Bunting, Lee Smith, Ai Koyanagi and Mark A. Tully

consortium. References Arnardottir , N.Y. , Koster , A. , Van Domelen , D.R. , Brychta , R.J. , Caserotti , P. , Eiriksdottir , G. , . . . Sveinsson , T. ( 2013 ). Objective measurements of daily physical activity patterns and sedentary behaviour in older adults: Age, gene

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Christopher Kuenze, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Karin Pfieffer, Stephanie Trigsted, Dane Cook, Caroline Lisee and David Bell

characteristics of physical activity in this population may be improved through the integration of objective measurement to complement the self-reported measures currently in use. Participation in MVPA is a strong predictor of health-related quality of life, 16 chronic disease burden, 37 and premature mortality

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Dajo Sanders, Teun van Erp and Jos J. de Koning

and objective measurements of intensity (and load) in evaluating training characteristics and how the combination of subjective and objective metrics can be used to detect states of excessive fatigue or adaptation. 17 – 19 Mean PO was largely higher in men’s races compared with women’s races, which

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Mark Elisabeth Theodorus Willems, Mehmet Akif Şahin and Matthew David Cook

). In addition, we had no objective measurement of the follicular phase by hormonal observations and cannot exclude that the variation in individual responses may be due to intraindividual differences in hormonal levels. We also did not control the physical activity status of the participants. Future

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Jamile S. Codogno, Henrique L. Monteiro, Bruna C. Turi-Lynch, Romulo A. Fernandes, Subhash Pokhrel and Nana Anokye

assessed through objective measurements (e.g., accelerometers). On the other hand, accelerometers capture daily PA but do not take into account in which context this PA happened, such as sports participation. The Likert scale used to categorize both weekly volume and previous time of engagement is a

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Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Raquel Pedrero-Chamizo, María del Mar Bibiloni, Gonzalo Palacios, Antoni Sureda, Agustín Meléndez-Ortega, Josep Antoni Tur Marí and Marcela González-Gross

Although both terms are closely related, they should not be treated as synonyms. 7 PA is defined as any body movement performed by muscle action that increases energy expenditure. 8 PA can be quantified by intensity, duration, or frequency, using subjective or objective measurements. Moreover, PA volume

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Melinda Forthofer, Marsha Dowda, Jennifer R. O’Neill, Cheryl L. Addy, Samantha McDonald, Lauren Reid and Russell R. Pate

effects of gender and psychosocial factors on changes in PA over time, with a representative sample of children and objectively measured PA. This analysis used data from a prospective cohort study of changes in PA with objective measurement of PA to consider gender differences in changes in PA in a

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Sergio Estrada-Tenorio, José A. Julián, Alberto Aibar, José Martín-Albo and Javier Zaragoza

in both genders. 24 Using objective measurement, results showed a long-term positive impact of MVPA on academic attainment during adolescence, especially in girls who met MVPA recommendations. 14 However, other studies did not find any significant relationship between adolescents’ PA and academic

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Rebecca M. Dagger, Ian G. Davies, Kelly A. Mackintosh, Genevieve L. Stone, Keith P. George, Stuart J. Fairclough and Lynne M. Boddy

, Crown Copyright ; 1999 . 35. Riddoch CJ , Mattocks C , Deere K , et al . Objective measurement of levels and patterns of physical activity . Arch Dis Child . 2007 ; 92 ( 11 ): 963 – 9 . PubMed doi:10.1136/adc.2006.112136 17855437 10.1136/adc.2006.112136 36. Rosenbaum M , Nonas C