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Orlagh Farmer, Donna Duffy, Kevin Cahill, Diarmuid Lester, Sarahjane Belton and Wesley O’Brien

their associated protocols have established validity and reliability in children, and are designed to give an objective measurement of gross motor skill proficiency. The four locomotor skills (run, skip, vertical jump, and balance) and three object-control skills (stationary bounce, kick, and catch

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Petter Fagerberg

amount of exercise (predefined and controlled amount of exercise and self-reports); objective measurements of body composition and FFM (e.g., dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry [DEXA] hydrostatic weighing, magnetic resonance imaging, skinfolds, or four-compartment model); and outcomes showing effects on

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Andrew F. Clark, Joannah Campbell, Patricia Tucker, Piotr Wilk and Jason A. Gilliland

levels of PA. Limitations There are a few key limitations in this study. First, usage data were self-reported by participants. This study attempted to collect objective measurements of usage, but the 3 different service providers with unique registration software, combined with part-time staff who change

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Zakkoyya H. Lewis, Kyriakos S. Markides, Kenneth J. Ottenbacher and Soham Al Snih

, marital status (married versus unmarried), and years of formal education (continuous). Body mass index (BMI) was calculated based on objective measurements of height and weight. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. 33 Cognitive function was

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Claire-Marie Roberts

are characterized by objective measurement rather than subjective judgment, and involves the practitioner designing an empirically-focused intervention with goals for each of the sessions ( Keegan, 2016 ). In addition, the cognitive and behavioral foci work on the assumption that practitioners can

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Catherine E. Tong, Joanie Sims Gould and Heather A. McKay

scaled variables and frequencies for categorical variables. Objective measurement of PA: accelerometers In addition to the survey session, we sought to capture participants’ PA patterns objectively, using accelerometers. We asked participants to wear an accelerometer for 7 days following their

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Stephen Hunter, Andrei Rosu, Kylie D. Hesketh, Ryan E. Rhodes, Christina M. Rinaldi, Wendy Rodgers, John C. Spence and Valerie Carson

systems, assumes all toddlers’ physical activity and sedentary behavior is performed within the neighborhood. While young children are more likely to perform these behaviors closer to home ( 16 ), this may not always be the case. Finally, while the sample size was relatively large in terms of objective

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Antje Hill, Linda Schücker, Norbert Hagemann and Bernd Strauß

the participants and, thus, assumed to be independent of their motivation ( Schücker et al., 2009 , 2013 ), it can be regarded as an objective measurement. Those studies that highlight advantages of an internal focus of attention in endurance sports mention its importance regarding active self

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Declan Ryan, Jorgen Wullems, Georgina Stebbings, Christopher Morse, Claire Stewart and Gladys Onambele-Pearson

the current study would have strong implications in older adults who struggle to accumulate sufficient 10 MVPA, as they may find it easier to accumulate LIPA. Which Pattern of PB is the Best Predictor of Cardiovascular Health? With improvements in the objective measurement of SB, the focus of

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John M. Schuna Jr., Daniel S. Hsia, Catrine Tudor-Locke and Neil M. Johannsen

.1186/1479-5868-9-128 23101767 9. Ryan CG , Grant PM , Dall PM , Granat MH . Sitting patterns at work: objective measurement of adherence to current recommendations . Ergonomics . 2011 ; 54 ( 6 ): 531 – 538 . doi:10.1080/00140139.2011.570458 10.1080/00140139.2011.570458 10. Bureau of Labor Statistics . American