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Jeffrey D. Labban and Jennifer L. Etnier

the particular nature of the cognitive test that is used. Within the acute exercise paradigm, cognitive performance has most commonly been assessed with measures of reaction time and information processing (e.g.,  Chang & Etnier, 2009 ; McMorris & Graydon, 2000 ; Pesce, Cereatti, Casella, Baldari

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Janelle M. Wagnild and Tessa M. Pollard

D , Hamer M , Bauman AE , Lee IM . Is the time right for quantitative public health guidelines on sitting? A narrative review of sedentary behaviour research paradigms and findings . Br J Sports Med . 2018 ; 53 : 377 – 382 . PubMed ID: 29891615 doi:10.1136/bjsports-2018-099131 10

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Richard A. Sille, Martin J. Turner and Martin R. Eubank

development ( Tod, Andersen, & Marchant, 2009 ) and for maintaining well-being ( McCormack, MacIntyre, O’Shea, Campbell, & Igou, 2015 ). Service-Delivery Philosophy Thus far in my short career I had operated from a humanistic theoretical paradigm. Humanistic models elevate “holistic development of individual

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Zachary Zenko and Panteleimon Ekkekakis

/retraining paradigm. Cheval et al. ( 2015 ) [unclear] AAT (manikin version), block structure with two critical blocks (64 trials per critical block), internal consistency reported (Cronbach’s α = .80 for physical activity target concept, Cronbach’s α = .82 for sedentary behavior target concept); construct: AA-PA, AA

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Chanel T. LoJacono, Ryan P. MacPherson, Nikita A. Kuznetsov, Louisa D. Raisbeck, Scott E. Ross and Christopher K. Rhea

-Carey, Buckley, & Lew, 2004 ). Trip-training has also been used with some success as a way to enhance obstacle crossing behavior ( Grabiner, Bareither, Gatts, Marone, & Troy, 2012 ; Lurie, Zagaria, Pidgeon, Forman, & Spratt, 2013 ). In this paradigm, a treadmill is typically used to provide a perturbation that

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André Klostermann, Ralf Kredel and Ernst-Joachim Hossner

. The participants showed reduced radial error (RE) scores of about 8% (Cohen’s f  = 0.51) for long ( M  = 970 ms) compared with short ( M  = 740 ms) QE durations. Moreover, Sun, Zhang, Vine, and Wilson ( 2016 ) adapted this experimental paradigm to an interception task that required throwing balls at

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Nina Verma, Robert C. Eklund, Calum A. Arthur, Timothy C. Howle and Ann-Marie Gibson

–avoidance paradigm ( Elliot, 2008 ) and agency–communion principles ( Bakan, 1966 ). Conceptualization of self-presentation motives based on approach notions have been termed acquisitive motives (a desire to present oneself in a way to gain social approval) and avoidance notions have been termed protective

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Blai Ferrer-Uris, Albert Busquets and Rosa Angulo-Barroso

the adaptation set. One of the principal differences between Mang’s study and ours is the motor-task paradigm utilized. It is known that different task paradigms (e.g., motor sequence learning vs. motor adaptation) engage different brain areas during learning ( Doyon, Penhune, & Ungerleider, 2003

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Paul A. Sellars, Stephen D. Mellalieu and Camilla J. Knight

pragmatic view of knowledge indicates that there are multiple realities and truths. In the current study a pragmatic paradigm satisfied this philosophical perspective as we explored multiple realities and perspectives of adolescents’ continuation in rugby union and the influence that an individual

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Dana K. Voelker and Justine J. Reel

female skaters in facing the skating body ideal. Through a social constructivist lens, we examined broad contextual influences of the figure skating environment to examine how body pressures are constructed and reinforced. Using Denzin’s ( 2017 ) critical paradigm, we further examined gender-based power